Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie
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Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'i.e. became deaf after contracting typhoid fever. Despite his hearing disability and the fact that he was self-taught, he became one of the most famous Arab poets of the early twentieth century. He composed the words of the Egyptian national anthem Eslami ya Misr, adopted between 1923 and 1936. The words of the Tunisian national anthem are largely the work of Al-Rafe'ie.
Mustafa Sadiq Abdul Razak bin Said bin Ahmed bin Abdul Qader Al-Rafii (1298 AH - 1356 AH corresponding to January 1, 1880 - May 10, 1937) was born in the house of his maternal grandfather in the village of "Bahteem" Qalubia in the first and lived his life in Tanta. Belongs to the School Governors a lattice affiliated school of classical poetry title miracle Arabic literature. And his father served as the religious judiciary in many regions of Egypt and was the last work of his is the legitimate President of the Court of Tanta. As the mother of Syria El Rafeay was born as his father and when her father was Sheikh Toukhy, a traveling merchant convoys trade between Egypt and the Levant, and native of Aleppo, and his stay in Bahtim Qaliubiya villages, and had a menial.
Born Mustafa Sadiq Rafii in January 1880 and opted for his mother to be his birth in house Ibahave village "Bahteem". Income Rafaey elementary school and received her degree and then injured is said to be typhoid disease incapacitated for several months in his bed and came out of this disease injured in his ears remained disease increases year after year until he reached the age of thirty have lost reputation once and for all. Did not get El Rafeay in his formal education at more than elementary education. This means that Rafaey Akkad was like in education, both did not get an elementary education certificate. Was also Rafaey such as Taha Hussein His permanent disability is blindness when Taha Hussein and hearing loss when Rafaey However it was Rafaey like fellow Taha Hussein owners will firm powerful film packed with obstacles, but intensified his determination and take the same industrious and diligent, and was taught by his father
Despite that Rafaey did not last long in the field of hair has departed from the hair to write prose and when we stop in front of the phenomenon of his departure for hair find that he was right in this situation although the work done in this field literary success and although he was able to attract attention but in Indeed he could not exceed the position reached by the adult poets of his time, especially Ahmed Shawky and Hafez Ibrahim gave this Alharan expression of people's feelings and concerns in this generation.
Perhaps Rafaey is fired first cry objection to the traditional Arab poetry in our literature has had to say: "in Arabic poetry restrictions do not allow him to organize hair whatever he wants to express himself," These restrictions are already rhyme and rhythm. The pause Rafaey against restrictions hair traditional notified and the first pause knew Arabic literature in its long history and importance of this stance because it was about 1910, i.e. in the early last century and before the appearance of most of the calls literary other invited to edit Arabic poetry partly or wholly of weight and rhyme.
The first field, who moved to Rafaey who was constrained by weight and rhyme is the field of poetic prose free to express his emotions antique that filled his heart and extends to the actions of the limits graduated moral and religious commitment as he had imagined. The second field, which came out him Rafaey He field of literary studies and the most important was his book "History of Arabic Literature," a book invaluable Perhaps it was the first book in the subject appears in the modern era because it appeared in the early twentieth century, specifically in 1911. Then wrote Rafaey after his famous "under the banner of the Qur'an" and when talking about Ejaz-ul-Quran. And responding to the views of Dr. Taha Hussein in his book known as "pre-Islamic poetry."
Comes the field the last manifested the genius Rafii and arrived in the position high in contemporary Arabic literature and old, an area the article and that conclude his Rafaey in the latter part of his life and excelled where creative bizarre and articles collected by Rafaey in his book "inspired pen."
They said it
According to an article by Professor Wael Hafez behind the Kuwaiti society magazine on the anniversary of the death of Rafii (05/05/2012), entitled: (Rafii .. genius of literature and the Arab argument): 
Wrote to Rafii Imam Sheikh Mohamed Abdou - God bless his soul -: «born writer Mr. Mustafa Efendi Sadiq Rafii, Zadeh God literature .. God Fruit Adpk, and God within me your heart, not Ogardk praise praise; nothing like parents with children, but I promise you concluded the Patriarchs, and the oldest class row relatives .. I ask God to make the right of your tongue sword blight falsehood, and to stand before the days Hassan shrine in the first, and peace.
The leader said Mustafa Kamel (God's mercy): «The day will come if it is stated Rafii people said: It is wise couched in the most beautiful high mold statement. It was.
Said, describing him as Mr. tag, ink understanding Muhammad Rashid Rida Builder magazine «Manar» - rewarding God, Bill mercy rest his soul -: «writer splendid, and poet Proser creator, owner taste slave, and accurate understanding, diver's jewels meanings, batsman on the strings Miiiha and vesico ».
And told him the writer Alolmai Almkhaddrb Abbas Mahmoud Al-Akkad - God's mercy - Steamboat (after the death of Rafii three years): «The plaintiffs method Dzla, though his eloquence construction route in the first layer of the Arab book creators.
Has said before (before war raging between them a few ten years old): «It is consistent to this author methods statement was not consistent like the writer of the book in the Arab passed her days, and that a certificate should be written neighbor Alndhar.
Amir line statement Shakib Arslan - God bless his soul - a wonderful word. EE «What's behind the hill, her chest saying Rafii:« Dear Mr. genius, a genius of literature, and the argument the Arabs.
He updated his big mark Abu Cubs Ahmad Mohammad Shaker - best God punished, and Adam pride and Alah -: «Imam book in this day and age, and the argument the Arabs.
And sent him sir Almntik Almsqa Alnharir Abu Fehr Mahmoud Mohamed Shaker—live here God Bahabih paradise, and decorated flowing pardon and forgiveness—as absurd an Alkhtarin foolish (which named: Mr. Hassan Alqayati) pen to likely essay Arab on Quranic verse, says: «interested in writing Vaaatardhana remember You, threw off the pen; to أتناوله then write it to you, in your neck secretariat all Muslims; to Tketbn to reply to this word infidel to show the face of miracles in the verse, and where the location of the word ignorance of them; these disbelief that left take مأخذها in people; made righteousness Vajra, and increased unabashed Vjura: ((And fear tumult which affecteth not those of you who do wrong private)) [Anfal: 25]. I know it is not an excuse for you, I say it sincerely, dictated by the right which I know your faith, and dedication in the approval and to defend it and defend its verses. Then know that you are a shelter holds firmly believers while Tnawchehem literary wolves heresy, which made car that abolished Ogha in the Quranic statement.
History of Arabic Literature (three parts), issued the first edition in two parts in 1329 AH, 1911. The third part was issued after his death to achieve Mohammed Saeed Al-Arian in 1359, corresponding to 1940. Ijaz Quran and prophetic rhetoric (which is the second part of his book History of Arabic Literature), the first edition was issued on behalf of the miracles of the Qur'an and the prophetic rhetoric in 1928. Book needy, issued the first edition in 1917. Red clouds. Recent moon. Messages Rafii, a group used to send private messages to Mahmoud Abu Rayya, has included many of his opinions in literature, politics and their men. Under the banner of the Koran, articles of Arabic literature at the university, and to respond to the book in the pre-Islamic poetry Taha Hussein. On Ambassod, a response to Abbas Mahmoud Al-Akkad. Tablet pen, (three parts), a group chapters, articles, stories author wrote most of it to the magazine letter Cairene between the years 1934 - 1937. And where: Alemmtan Alotfoltan Blue spring Leaves of roses. Messages grief. Rafii Bureau (three parts) issued the first edition in 1900. Court looks (poetry) published the first edition in 1908. Highness spiritual greatest and artistic beauty in the rhetoric of the Prophet, a search Nevis established Rafii confronted the invitation Association Hedaya Islamic Iraq; to publish on the anniversary of the Prophet's birthday year 1352 AH., A publication achieving Mr. Wael Hafez Khalaf, has said in the introduction to accomplish this research: ((is Khaleeq that up Walid every Arab reader, Mqmna because my mother recited all indifferent)). States that A Tunisian national anthem, which is still in effect to this day is known anthem Hama fever and the beginning of the poem:
Hama Hama fever O fever *** Come, Come to the glory of a time
I cried blood in our veins *** we die we die and live the homeland
On Monday, May 10th 1937, Al-Rafe'ie woke up to pray the dawn prayer (Fajr prayer). He then sat reciting the Quran when he felt a burning sensation in his stomach. After taking some medicine, he then returned to the place where he had prayed and continued reading for about an hour. He then got up and walked to the foyer where he fell to the ground. When the rest of his household had woken up, they found that he had passed away. His body was then carried away and buried after the noon prayer (Zuhr prayer), next to his parents in the family tomb in Tanta. Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafe'ie died at the age of 57.