Mota (island)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mota
Womtelo Map-Banks-Vanuatu 1000.png
Mota in the Banks Islands
Nh-map.png
Geography
Coordinates13°51′S 167°42′E / 13.850°S 167.700°E / -13.850; 167.700Coordinates: 13°51′S 167°42′E / 13.850°S 167.700°E / -13.850; 167.700
ArchipelagoBanks Islands
Area9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi)[1]
Highest elevation411 m (1,348 ft)[1]
Administration
ProvinceTorba
Demographics
Population683[2] (2009)
Pop. density71.89 /km2 (186.19 /sq mi)

Mota is an extinct volcanic island in the Banks group of Torba Province in northern Vanuatu.

Geography[edit]

Mota is located 18 km south of Mota Lava and 12 km east of Vanua Lava, the largest island in the Banks archipelago. The slightly oval island has a length of 5 km and has an area of 9.5 km².[3] Mota is formed by an extinct, basaltic volcano, which reaches an altitude of 411 m above sea level in Mount Tawe. The island is surrounded by a fringing reef, and its steep coast makes it difficult to land on boats.

History[edit]

It was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Pedro Fernández de Quirós who served for the Spanish expedition on 25 April 1606 and named it Nuestra Señora de la Luz (Our Lady of Light).[4]

The island is famous because its language was used by the first missionaries in Melanesia. For the better part of a century from 1849, most teaching in classrooms and schools of all kinds, and most prayers and hymns from Isabel in the Solomons all the way through Pentecost in Vanuatu were done in the language of this small island. Some Mota words are still known throughout the Melanesian archipelago, e.g. tasiu (brother, taken here in the religious sense of "member of a brotherhood" i.e. the Melanesian Brotherhood)

The famous missionary John Coleridge Patteson lived on Mota, in the village of Veverao. The first Melanesian priest, Father George Sarawia was from Mota, and the first Christian baptisms and Eucharist and Confirmations were there. Mota is generally held to be the first Melanesian island to become Christian, though missionary work began a year later than on Aneityum.

Population[edit]

683 people live on Mota[2] in coastal villages around the island. The names of the villages are Liwotqei, Lotawan, Mariu, Tasmate, Garamal, Tuqetap, and Veverao. The population speaks the Mota language.

All Mota people are Christians, Anglicans of the Church of the Province of Melanesia. The big days of celebration are the saints' days of the church in each village on the island. However, kastom, i.e. the Melanesian traditions, still means a lot to the islanders.

Presently, the island is ruled by a council of chiefs elected from each village. There is a school, Pasaleli Primary School, formally named Panel School. There is a dispensary where a nurse lives, access to teleradio and a public phone on the island. There are also small settlements of Mota people in Santo, especially at Lorevilko and Turtle Bay, and in Port Vila.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Islands of Vanuatu". Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "2009 National Census of Population and Housing: Summary Release" (PDF). Vanuatu National Statistics Office. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 17, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  3. ^ UNEP Islands Directory
  4. ^ Saint-Martin, M. Vivien de Nouveau dictionnaire de géographie universelle Paris, 1879-1895, vol III, p. 1029.

External links[edit]