is the fourth album by American Mothership Connection funk band Parliament, released on December 15, 1975 on Casablanca Records. This concept album of P-Funk mythology is usually rated as one of Parliament's best. Mothership Connection was the first P-Funk album to feature Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley, who had left The J.B.'s, James Brown's backing band. Mothership Connection became Parliament's first album to be certified gold and later platinum. The  Library of Congress added the album to the National Recording Registry in 2011, declaring "The album has had an enormous influence on jazz, rock and dance music."
History [ edit ]
Describing the album, George Clinton said "We had put black people in situations nobody ever thought they would be in, like the White House. I figured another place you wouldn't think black people would be was in outer space. I was a big fan of
, so we did a thing with a pimp sitting in a spaceship shaped like a Cadillac, and we did all these James Brown-type grooves, but with street talk and ghetto slang." Star Trek
Dr. Dre sampled the songs " Mothership Connection (Star Child)" and " P-Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)" on his album .
Reception [ edit ]
called it a "parody of modern funk". Rolling Stone  critic Village Voice Robert Christgau said, "That DJ from Chocolate City, or maybe it's the Chocolate Milky Way, keeps the beat going with nothing but his rap, some weird keyboard, and cymbals for stretches of side one. And later produces the galactic 'Give Up the Funk' and a James Brown tribute that goes 'gogga googa, gogga googa'—only believe me, that doesn't capture it."
Retrospectively, it gained high regard, being named
TV network VH1's 55th greatest album of all time, and #276 on magazine's list of Rolling Stone the 500 greatest albums of all time. listed Vibe Mothership Connection in their "Essential Black Rock Recordings" list, and it was included in the 2005 book, . 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die 's 2003 review again gave the record 5 stars out of 5 - Rolling Stone "The masterpiece, the slang creator, the icon builder, the master narrative--or 'the bomb,' as Clinton succinctly put it before anyone else."
Track listing [ edit ]
Personnel [ edit ]
Lead vocals - George Clinton (Lead in "P. Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)", "Mothership Connection (Star Child)"), Calvin Simon, Fuzzy Haskins, Ray Davis, Grady Thomas, Gary Shider (lead in "Handcuffs"), Glenn Goins (lead in "Unfunky UFO", "Handcuffs"), Bootsy Collins
Horns - Fred Wesley, Maceo Parker, Michael Brecker, Randy Brecker, Boom, Joe Farrell
Bass guitar - Bootsy Collins, Cordell Mosson
Guitars - Garry Shider, Michael Hampton, Glenn Goins, Bootsy Collins
Drums and percussion - Tiki Fulwood, Jerome Brailey, Bootsy Collins, Gary Cooper
Keyboards and synthesizers - Bernie Worrell ( Minimoog, Wurlitzer electric piano, ARP Pro Soloist and String Ensemble, RMI Electra Piano, Hammond organ, grand piano, Fender Rhodes, clavinet D6)  Backing vocals and handclaps - Gary Cooper, Debbie Edwards, Taka Kahn, Archie Ivy, Bryna Chimenti, Rasputin Boutte, Pam Vincent, Debra Wright, Sidney Barnes
Produced by George Clinton
Engineered by Jim Vitti (in Detroit, Michigan), Ralph (Oops) Jim Callow (in Hollywood, California) Mastered br Allen Zentz
Photography by David Alexander
Art Direction and Design by Gribbitt!
Chart positions [ edit ]
Certification [ edit ]
Singles released [ edit ]
P-Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)-NB 852
Tear the Roof Off the Sucker (Give Up the Funk)-NB-856
Star Child-NB 864
References [ edit ]
^ a b
"Parliament's 1975 LP Mothership Connection revisited with Bernard Worrell". Soulculture.com . Retrieved . 2015-02-24
^ a b Birchmeier, Jason.
Mothership Connection at AllMusic
Robins, Wayne (2016). . A Brief History of Rock, Off the Record Routledge. p. 286. ISBN . 978-0-415-97472-1
"American album certifications – Parliament". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced , then click Format , then select Album , then click SEARCH .
"Registry Choices 2010: The National Recording Preservation Board (Library of Congress)". Loc.gov . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
Niesel, Jeff (2013-06-26). "Cleveland - Music - Turn This Mutha Out". Clevescene.com. Archived from the original on 2015-10-17 . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
"Review: ''Mothership Connection''". Superseventies.com . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
Review: Mothership Connection
^ a b
Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: P". . Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X . Retrieved – via robertchristgau.com. March 10, 2019
Review: Mothership Connection Archived February 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
Bowden, Marshall. "Review: ''Mothership Connection''". Popmatters.com . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
^ a b
McEwen, Joe (March 25, 1976). "Mothership Connection | Album Reviews | Rolling Stone". rollingstone.com . Retrieved . 13 November 2011
. Books.google.com Review: ''Mothership Connection'' . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
"Review: ''Mothership Connection''". Acclaimedmusic.net. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27 . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
"Review: ''Mothership Connection''". Sputnikmusic.com . Retrieved . 2013-07-14
^ a b
Mothership Connection at AllMusic
"American album certifications – Parliament – Mothership Connection". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced , then click Format , then select Album , then click SEARCH .
External links [ edit ]