Moti Masjid (Lahore Fort)

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Moti Masjid
موتی مسجد
Moti Masjid lahore fort.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
DistrictLahore
ProvincePunjab
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMosque
Year consecrated1630
Location
Geographic coordinates31°35′18″N 74°18′50″E / 31.58847°N 74.313787°E / 31.58847; 74.313787
Architecture
Architectural typeMosque
Architectural styleMughal
Completed1635
Dome(s)3

Moti Masjid (Punjabi, Urdu: موتی مسجد‎), one of the "Pearl Mosques", is a 17th-century religious building located inside the Lahore Fort. It is a small, white marble structure built by Mughal emperor Jahangir, and is among his prominent extensions (such as Sheesh Mahal and Naulakha pavilion) to the Lahore Fort Complex.[1] The mosque is located on the western side of Lahore Fort, closer to Alamgiri Gate, the main entrance.

Etymology[edit]

The mosque's white marble earned it the name "Pearl Mosque"

Moti in Urdu language means pearl, which designates a perceived preciousness to the religious structure. It was an established practice among Mughal emperors to name the mosques after generic names for gemstones. Other such examples are Mina Masjid (Gem Mosque) and Nagina Masjid (Jewel Mosque), both located in Agra Fort and completed in 1637 under Shah Jahan's reign.[2] The mosque, built between 1630–35,[3] is the first among the "pearl" named named mosques, the others built by Shah Jahan in Agra Fort (1647–53), and his son Aurangzeb in the Red Fort (1659–60).

Subsequent history[edit]

After the demise of the Mughal Empire, the mosque was converted into a Sikh temple and renamed Moti Mandir during the period of the Sikh rule under Ranjit Singh's Sikh Confederacy (1716—99).[4] Later, Ranjit Singh also used the building for the state treasury. When the British took over Punjab in 1849, they discovered precious stones wrapped in bits of rags and placed in velvet purses scattered inside the mosque, along with other inventory.[5] The building was later revived to its former status, and the religious relics were conserved at the nearby Badshahi Mosque.

Design[edit]

The structure, located in the northwestern corner of Dewan-e-Aam quadrangle, is typical of Mughal architecture of Shah Jahan's times.[6] It is completely built of white marble that was brought from Makrana[3] The façade is composed of cusped arches and engaged baluster columns with smooth and fine contours.[7] The mosque has three superimposed domes, two aisles of five bays, and a slightly raised central pishtaq, or portal with a rectangular frame.[8] This five-arched facade distinguishes it from other mosques of the similar class with three-arched facades. The interior is simple and plain with the exception of ceilings that are decorated and designed in four different orders, two arcuate, and two trabeated.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nadiem (2004)
  2. ^ Koch 1991, p. 121-22)
  3. ^ a b Nath (1982), p. 422
  4. ^ Dar, Nadeem (20 June 2015). "A pearl inside Lahore Fort – Moti Masjid". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  5. ^ Zaman, Mahmood (2002). The Login inventory of the Lahore Fort. Dawn. 25 January. Retrieved 16 April 2008
  6. ^ Koch (1982)
  7. ^ Lahore Fort Complex: Moti Masjid Archived 25 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine at ArchNet. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  8. ^ Koch (1991), p. 123
  9. ^ Nath (1982), p. 423

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]