This article possibly contains original research. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|• Total||122 km2 (47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||62 m (203 ft)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-BR|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Purvi Champaran|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Motihari|
Motihari is located on 26°39' N and 84°55' E in northwestern Bihar. It is about 165 km (103 mi) northwest from the state capital Patna, 45 km (28 mi) from Bettiah, 72 km (45 mi) from Muzaffarpur, 40 km (25 mi) from Mehsi, 30 km (19 mi) from Chakia and 75 km (47 mi) from Sitamarhi. It is on the east bank of a lake, about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Bettiah.
The topography of Motihari was wonderful scenic. The Motijheel Lake of stunning beauty (in classical terms) divides the town in two halves.
In Gangan Lit-Mag (Gangway Literary Magazine), Austria, wrote Anant Kumar: "The playgrounds of my childhood were the streets of Motihari. Back then that little East Indian town was not overpopulated, and the dry, clean streets of every part of town were ideal for our games: marbles, tops, badminton. And back then Motihari was a wide distance away from the big world. There were very many mango and lichee trees, fragrant lemon bushes, broad, large fields…and very few people. There were scattered decrepit hawelis and bungalows, in which frightening bhuts, geniis and juraels dwelled."
The Gandhi Sangrahalaya has a wide collection of relics and photographs of the Champaran Satyagraha. The Gandhian Memorial Pillar was designed by Nand Lal Bose, a famous artist of Shantiniketan.
The foundation stone of the pillar was laid on 10 June 1972 by the then Governor, D. K. Barooch. It is a 48-foot (15 m) tall stone pillar and is situated at the same site where Mahatma Gandhi was presented in court.
As of 2011 Indian Census, Motihari had a total population of 126,158, of which 67,861 were males and 58,297 were females, with a sex ratio of 859. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 16,870. The total number of literates in Motihari was 92,798, which constituted 73.6% of the population with male literacy of 76.2% and female literacy of 70.5%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Motihari was 84.9%, of which male literacy rate was 88.1% and female literacy rate was 81.2%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 7,373 and 333 respectively. Motihari had 22,224 households in 2011.
As of 2001[update] India census, the population of Motihari in 2011 was 101,506, of which male and female were 54,629 and 46,877, respectively. The sex ratio of Motihari city is 858 per 1,000 males. Total literates in Motihari city are 69,576 of which 40,265 were males while 29,311 were females. The crude literacy rate of 68.5% and effective literacy (7+ population) per cent of 80.3%. The children aged 0–6 in Motihari city are 14,910, as per the Census India report, in 2001, with 7,811 males and 7,099 females. The child sex ratio of girls is 909 per 1,000 boys.
Climate is characterised by high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).
|Climate data for Motihari|
|Average high °C (°F)||22
|Average low °C (°F)||8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||23
Motihari is connected to different cities of India through railways and roadways. Bapudham Motihari railway station is the main railway station serving the city. Direct trains are available to New Delhi, Mumbai, Jammu, Kolkata, and Guwahati. Asian Highway 42, National Highway 28A and State Highway 54 passes through the city. The nearest airport is located in Patna which is about 150 km (93 mi) from Motihari. After the commencement of Darbhanga airport, it will become the nearest airport.
- George Orwell, author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, was born in Motihari in 1903. His father, Richard Walmesley Blair was a deputy posted in the opium department in Bihar. When he was one year old, George left for England with his mother and sister. The town of Motihari was largely unaware of its connection with Orwell. In 2003, Motihari discovered its role in Orwell's life when a number of journalists arrived in the town for Orwell's hundredth birthday. Local officials are making plans for the construction of a museum on Orwell's life. The museum plans remain in abeyance as of 2014.
- Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq was one of the two Indian police officers who worked with Edward Henry in the development of fingerprint classification, known as the Henry Classification System, died in Motihari in 1933. "It was Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq who evolved a mathematical formula to supplement Henry's idea of sorting slips in 1024 pigeon holes, based on fingerprint patterns. Rai Bahadur Hem Chandra Bose made further contribution to the fingerprint science by evolving an extended system of sub classification, a telegraphic code for finger impression and a system of single-digit classification."
- Both Haque and Bose eventually received honoraria and recognition from the Government of India. At the time of final approval of the honorarium for Haque, the Home Department (Government of India) noted, "It appears from the information now received that he (Haque) was Sir Edward Henry's principal helper in perfecting the scheme and he actually himself devised the method of classification which is in universal use. He thus contributed most materially to a discovery which is of worldwide importance and has brought a great credit to the police of India." Upon retirement from the Police service in Bengal and Bihar, Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq settled in Motihari, and he is buried there.
- A.F. Salahuddin Ahmed, National Professor of Bangladesh, a grandson of Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq was born in Motihari in 1924. He was educated at Presidency University, Kolkata, University of Pennsylvania, and University of London, and taught at eminent universities in Bangladesh: Jagannath College, Rajshahi University, Jahangir Nagar University, Dhaka University, and Independent University, Bangladesh, and wrote many books and articles in professional journals and newspapers. In one of his books, Perspectives on History, Society and Politics, he argued that despite the political divisions that took place in South Asia in 1947, the people of this vast region belong to "one indivisible civilisation which is the product of over a thousand years of historical development" and that the destinies of the people inhabiting the subcontinent are closely interlinked. They must therefore learn to live together in peace, as this is essential for their development and progress.
- Ramesh Chandra Jha, the modern Hindi poet, author and freedom fighter belonged to Phulwariya village in Motihari.
- Thakur Ramapati Singh was a freedom fighter, MLA. Minister, and MP from Motihari.
- Anant Kumar (born 28 September 1969 in Katihar/Bihar), is a German author of Indian descent. He spent his childhood in Motihari where his father Rajendra Prasad was Professor of Psychology at Munshi Singh College. He resides in Kassel, Germany. Royal City Gotha (Free state Thueringia, Germany) honored Kumar as a Resident Writer in 2015. Kumar worked 2016 as a fellow in the symposium for dramatic writing at Volturno, Italy.
- Anuranjan Jha, journalist, TV anchor and social worker.
- Ravish Kumar, TV anchor and journalist, NDTV Delhi.
- Radha Mohan Singh, Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
- "Census of India: Motihari". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Bhojpuri". Ethnologue. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
- "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Mandal, R. B. (2010). Wetlands Management in North Bihar. ISBN 9788180697074.
- PTI (1 October 2019). "Champaran: Where mall meets Mahatma but there's reverence and remembrance too". Business Standard India. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on 31 July 2013.
- "All’s not well with Orwell" by Debashis Bhattacharyya The Telegraph (Calcutta, India), 14 November 2004
- "Makeover for Orwell's India home" by Amarnath Tewary, BBC News (Motihari, Bihar), 1 August 2005
- "Big Brother can't be bothered" Times of India
- Haleem, Suhail (12 August 2014). "The Indian Animal Farm where Orwell was born". BBC. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Tewari, R. K.; Ravikumar, K. V. (1 October 2000). "History and development of forensic science in India". Journal of Postgraduate Medicine. 46 (4): 303–8. PMID 11435664. Retrieved 20 December 2019 – via www.jpgmonline.com.
- Sodhi, GS, & Kaur, JK: The forgotten Indian pioneers of fingerprint science
- "Kurd-Laßwitz-Stipendium". www.gotha.de. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- "SUMMER SCHOOL SÜDTIROL 2016 FÜR DRAMATISCHES UND ESSAYISTISCHES SCHREIBEN — THEMA: UNSERE UTOPIEN | NIDS | Neues Institut für dramatisches Schreiben". Retrieved 20 December 2019.