Motivation and Personality (book)

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Motivation and Personality
MotivationAndPersonality.jpg
Cover of the first edition
AuthorAbraham Maslow
LanguageEnglish
SubjectPsychology
PublisherHarper & Brothers
Publication date
1954
Media typePrint
Pages411
ISBN978-0-06-041987-5

Motivation and Personality is a book on psychology by Abraham Maslow, first published in 1954. Maslow's work deals with the subject of the nature of human fulfillment and the significance of personal relationships, implementing a conceptualization of self-actualization.[1] Underachievers have a need for social love and affection, but a self-actualized person has these "lower" needs gratified and is able to pursue his or her own path towards self-actualization.[2]

Maslow's book is perhaps the best known contemporary work on human needs. Maslow postulated a hierarchical pyramid of human needs stretching from basic physical needs at the bottom to spiritual or transcendental needs at the top.[3]

In Motivation and Personality, Maslow argues that, in order for individuals to thrive and excel, a health-fostering culture must be created.[4] Maslow is among the psychological theorists who believe that when parents fail to provide a safe, nurturing environment, their children will develop deep feelings of insecurity.[5] Maslow considers human beings to be energized by an actualizing tendency and believe that well-being occurs to the extent people can freely express their inherent potentials.[6]

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Froh, Jeffrey J. (2004). "The History of Positive Psychology: Truth Be Told" (PDF). NYS Psychologist. 16 (3): 18–20. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
Jackson, Tim; Marks, Nic (1999). "Consumption, Sustainable Welfare and Human Needs – with Reference to UK Expenditure Patterns Between 1954 and 1994". Ecological Economics. 28 (3): 421–441. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(98)00108-6. ISSN 0921-8009.
Kasser, Tim; Ryan, Richard M. (1993). "A Dark Side of the American Dream: Correlates of Financial Success as a Central Life Aspiration". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 65 (2): 410–422. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.65.2.410. ISSN 0022-3514.
Kasser, Tim; Sheldon, Kennon M. (2000). "Of Wealth and Death: Materialism, Mortality Salience, and Consumption Behavior". Psychological Science. 11 (4): 348–351. doi:10.1111/1467-9280.00269. JSTOR 40063846.
Knapp, Robert R. (1965). "Relationship of a Measure of Self-Actualization to Neuroticism and Extraversion". Journal of Consulting Psychology. 29 (2): 168–172. doi:10.1037/h0021887. ISSN 1939-2168.
Leib, Jere W.; Snyder, William U. (1967). "Effects of Group Discussions on Underachievement and Self-Actualization". Journal of Counseling Psychology. 14 (3): 282–285. doi:10.1037/h0024544. ISSN 1939-2168.