|Born||May 12, 1949|
Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
|Area(s)||Manga artist, writer|
Moto Hagio (萩尾 望都, Hagio Moto, born May 12, 1949) is a Japanese manga artist who is considered a "founding mother" of modern shōjo manga, especially shōnen-ai. Hagio rose to prominence in the 1970s as a member of the influential Year 24 Group, and has been described as "the most beloved shōjo manga artist of all time." Hagio's notable works include The Poe Clan (1972–1976), The Heart of Thomas (1974), They Were Eleven (1975), and A Cruel God Reigns (1993–2001).
Hagio was born on May 12, 1949 in Ōmuta, Fukuoka Prefecture. She wanted to become a mangaka after reading Osamu Tezuka's manga Shinsen-gumi at the age of about 17, and made her professional debut in 1969 at the age of 20 with her short story Lulu to Mimi in Nakayoshi. Nakayoshi's publisher Kodansha wanted "bright and lively" works, and rival publisher Shogakukan sought her out. Keiko Takemiya introduced Hagio to Takemiya's editor, Junya Yamamoto, who accepted all of Hagio's works that Kodansha had rejected. Later, for Shogakukan Publishing, she produced a series of short stories for various magazines.
Two years after her debut, she published Juichigatsu no Gimunajiumu (The November Gymnasium), a short story that dealt openly with love between two boys at a boarding school. The story was part of a larger movement by female manga artists at the time that pioneered shōnen-ai, a genre of girls' comics about love between young men. In 1974, Hagio developed this story into the longer Thomas no Shinzō (The Heart of Thomas). She was awarded the Shogakukan Manga Award in 1976 for her science fiction classic Juichinin Iru! (They Were Eleven) and her epic tale Poe no Ichizoku (The Poe Clan). The realism in her works, as well as those by Keiko Takemiya and Yumiko Oshima were noted as one of the causes for the rise in shojo comics in the late 1970's.
In the mid-1980s, Hagio wrote her first long work – Marginal. Prior to writing Iguana Girl in 1991, Hagio had not set her works in contemporary Japan. Moto Hagio had a role in the 2008 film Domomata no Shi (Death of Domomata). On June 11, 2009, a party was held in Moto Hagio's honor, "celebrating her 40th year as a professional manga artist". Approximately 200 people attended. In 2011, Joshibi University of Art and Design appointed Hagio as a guest professor.
When Hagio began drawing manga, she cut large sheets of "manga paper" to B4 size, and she still uses a G-Pen and a Maru-Pen. When she began drawing manga, she used India ink and a brush, but now uses Copic markers.
Hagio is a science fiction fan, and considers Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke and Robert Heinlein to have influenced her, and she has adapted several of Ray Bradbury's short stories from R is for Rocket into manga format. She lives in Saitama Prefecture.
- 1976: 21st Shogakukan Manga Award for Poe no Ichizoku and They Were Eleven
- 1980: 11th Seiun Award for Star Red
- 1983: 14th Seiun Award for Gin no Sankaku (Silver Triangle)
- 1985: 16th Seiun Award for X+Y
- 1997: 1st Osamu Tezuka Cultural Prize (Award for Excellence) for Zankokuna Kami ga Shihai suru (A Cruel God Reigns)
- 2006: 27th Nihon SF Taisho Award for Barbara Ikai (Otherworld Barbara)
- 2010: San Diego Comic-Con International's Inkpot Award
- 2011: 40th Japan Cartoonists Association Awards: The Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Award
- 2012: First shōjo manga artist to win Japan's Medal of Honor with Purple Ribbon in honor of academic or artistic achievement
- 2016: Asahi Prize for innovative expression in comics and creative activities for many years
- 2019: Person of Cultural Merit
- Ruru to Mimi, 1969
- Seireigari, 1971–1974
- 11-gatsu no Gymnasium, 1971
- Poe no Ichizoku (The Poe Clan), 1972–1976
- Tottemo Shiwase Moto-chan, 1972–1976
- Thomas no Shinzō (The Heart of Thomas), 1973–1975
- They Were Eleven, 1975–1976
- Alois, 1975
- Hyaku Oku no Hiru to Sen oku no Yoru, 1977–1978
- Star Red, 1978–1979
- Mesh, 1980–1984
- Houmonsha, 1980
- A-A', 1981
- Hanshin, 1984
- Marginal, 1985–1987
- Flower Festival, 1988–1989
- Aoi Tori, 1989
- Umi no Aria, 1989–1991
- Roma e no Michi, 1990
- Abunai Oke no Ie, 1992–1994
- Zankokuna Kami ga Shihai suru (A Cruel God Reigns), 1993–2001
- Barbara Ikai (Otherworld Barbara), 2002–2005
- Nanohana (Rapeseed Blossoms), 2012
- Ōhi Marugo (Queen Margot), 2012–2019
- Away, 2013–2015
- Tenshi Kamoshirenai, 2016
- Poe no Ichizoku: Haru no Yume, 2016–2017
- Poe no Ichizoku: Unicorn, 2018–2019
- Poe no Ichizoku: Himitsu no Hanazono, 2019–present
Works in English
Few of her works appear in English, but here are some that do:
- A, A', translated by Rachel Thorn, and came out in one volume in 1997 (now out of print) and includes three stories titled A, A' (A, A Prime), 4/4 (Quatre-Quarts), and X+Y parts one and two (originally published in 1981, 1983, and 1984, respectively).
- They Were Eleven (original date of publication 1975), which was part of the 1996 anthology Four Shōjo Stories. They Were Eleven is available on DVD as an anime, in both dubbed and subtitled formats. Like most anime based on manga, there are various minor changes and omissions.
- "Hanshin" (original date of publication 1984), a short story, which was published in issue 269 of The Comics Journal alongside an interview with Moto Hagio conducted by Rachel Thorn.
- The Heart of Thomas (1973–1975), translated by Rachel Thorn, published in a single-volume omnibus edition by Fantagraphics in 2013.
- Otherworld Barbara (2002–2005), translated by Rachel Thorn, published in a two-volume omnibus edition by Fantagraphics between 2016–2017.
- "Through Yura's Gate", a lengthy short story by Moto Hagio that pays homage to the manga Parasyte, collected in Kodansha's Neo Parasyte M (2017).
- The Poe Clan (1972–1976), translated by Rachel Thorn, to be published in a two-volume omnibus edition by Fantagraphics. The first volume was released in 2019.
A, A' and They Were Eleven have science fiction settings, and both They Were Eleven and X+Y include transgender elements. The science fiction aspects in particular have led to Hagio's work appealing to manga readers who do not generally like shōjo manga.
- "Bianca" (1970)
- "Girl on Porch with Puppy" (1971)
- "Autumn Journey" (1971)
- "Marié, Ten Years Later" (1977)
- "A Drunken Dream" (1980)
- "Hanshin" (1984)
- "Angel Mimic" (1984)
- "Iguana Girl" (1991)
- "The Child Who Comes Home" (1998)
- "The Willow Tree" (2007)
- Character designs for the animated film Toki no Tabibito: Time Stranger (1986)
- Character designs for Quintet's video game Illusion of Gaia (1993)
- Thorn, Rachel (2005). "A History of Manga". Animerica: Anime & Manga Monthly. 4 (2, 4, & 6). Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2008.
- Thorn, Rachel (February 1996). "Introduction". Four Shōjo Stories. Viz Communications. ISBN 1-56931-055-6.
- Thorn, Rachel. "The Hagio Moto Interview". Matt-Thorn.com. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Toku, Masami, ed. (2015). "Profile and Interview with Moto Hagio". International Perspectives on Shojo and Shojo Manga : The Influence of Girl Culture. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-31761-075-5.
- Randall, Bill (May 15, 2003). "Three by Moto Hagio". The Comics Journal. Archived from the original on April 25, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- "Moto Hagio Focus Panel – San Diego Comic-Con 2010". Anime News Network. August 1, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Aoki, Deb. "Interview: Moto Hagio". About.com. The New York Times Company. p. 5.
- 小学館漫画賞：歴代受賞者 (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- Abrams, James (January 15, 1979). "In Japan, everyone reads the comics". Kyodo Copley News Service. Tokyo, Japan. Standard-Speaker.
- Ebihara, Akiko (2002). "Japan's Feminist Fabulation Reading Marginal with Unisex Reproduction as a Key Concept". 36. Genders.org. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2010. Cite journal requires
- Kawakatsu Miki. "Iguana Girl Turns Manga Legend" (PDF). Japanese Book News Vol. 63. Retrieved June 3, 2010.
- Loo, Egan (June 24, 2008). "Manga Creator Moto Hagio Makes Film Acting Debut". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Thorn, Rachel (June 20, 2009). "Moto Hagio Party, Handley update". Matt-Thorn.com. Archived from the original on September 1, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- "Manga Creator Moto Hagio to Teach at Joshibi U." Anime News Network.
- Santos, Carlo (August 4, 2010). "A Conversation With Moto Hagio". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- Thorn, Rachel (July 30, 2010). "Comic-Con 2010 Report". Matt-Thorn.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- 日本SFファングループ連合会議：星雲賞リスト (in Japanese). Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- "Manga Award for Excellence: Hagio Moto Zankoku na kami ga shihai suru Exhibition". Archived from the original on April 25, 2008. Retrieved June 10, 2008.
- "Nihon SF Taisho Award Winners List". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Loo, Egan (July 23, 2010). "Moto Hagio Receives Inkpot Award from Comic-Con Int'l". Anime News Network. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Hodgkins, Crystalyn (May 10, 2011). "40th Japan Cartoonist Awards Honor Moto Hagio". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- 萩尾望都が紫綬褒章を受章、少女マンガ家では初. Comic Natalie (in Japanese). April 28, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- Ransom, Ko (April 27, 2012). "Hagio Is 1st Shōjo Manga Creator to Win Japan's Purple Ribbon (Updated)". Anime News Network. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
- "The Asahi Prize – English Information". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
- Hodgkins, Crystalyn (January 2, 2017). "Heart of Thomas Manga Creator Moto Hagio Wins Asahi Prize". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
- Allen Kim. "Mario Bros. creator Shigeru Miyamoto to be given one of Japan's highest honors". CNN. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Long, Margherita (2014). "Hagio Moto's Nuclear Manga and the Promise of Eco-Feminist Desire". Mechademia. 9 (1): 3–23. doi:10.1353/mec.2014.0003. S2CID 122333047.
- Mateo, Alex (December 27, 2019). "Moto Hagio's Queen Margot Manga Ends". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- Pineda, Rafael Antonio (May 27, 2015). "Moto Hagio to End Sci-Fi Manga Away in June". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- Pineda, Rafael Antonio (March 14, 2016). "Moto Hagio, Yū Hatano Launch Tenshi Kamoshirenai Manga Series". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- Hodgkins, Crystalyn (May 31, 2019). "Latest Poe Clan Manga Goes on Hiatus, Returns in Spring 2020". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- "The Poe Clan Vol. 1". Fantagraphics Books. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
- "Moto Hagio collection, Takako Shimura's Wandering Son". Matt-Thorn.com. March 9, 2010. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- Garrity, Shaenon (July 27, 2010). "An Interview with Moto Hagio". The Comics Journal. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- 時空の旅人 -Time Stranger. Official Madhouse Toki no Tabibito -Time Stranger- film website (in Japanese).
- Silvester, Niko (February 7, 2011). "Creator Spotlight: Moto Hagio". Mania. Demand Media. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.