Motoi Sakuraba

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Motoi Sakuraba
桜庭 統
Born (1965-08-05) August 5, 1965 (age 55)
Akita Prefecture, Japan
  • Composer
  • keyboardist
Years active1984–present
LabelsTEAM Entertainment
Associated actsShinji Tamura
Masaaki Uno

Motoi Sakuraba (桜庭 統, Sakuraba Motoi, born August 5, 1965) is a Japanese composer and keyboardist known for his numerous musical contributions in video games, anime series, television dramas, and progressive rock albums.[1][2] Some of his notable works include the Tales, Star Ocean, Mario Golf, Mario Tennis, Golden Sun, and Dark Souls series.


Sakuraba was born in Akita Prefecture, Japan. While attending Meiji University, Sakuraba began to take music composition seriously, and eventually formed the progressive rock band "Clashed Ice" in 1984, consisting of him on keyboards and Genta Kudo on drums and vocals.[3] After the duo had graduated the following year, they were noticed by music producer Shingo Ueno, and ending up signing with Made in Japan Records. The band had then added bassist Tetsuya Nagatsuma, and was renamed as "Deja Vu".[3][4] In 1988, the band would release their only studio album, Baroque in the Future, composed entirely by Sakuraba.[3] Although the band disbanded in 1989, Sakuraba would later go on to release a similar-sounding solo album, Gikyokuonsou, in 1991.

In late 1989, Sakuraba began working as a composer for Wolf Team, joining Masaaki Uno and Yasunori Shiono. The professional friendships formed here in Sakuraba's early years have resulted in a great demand for his composing and arranging abilities. In 1994, former Wolf Team director and composer Masaaki Uno started working at Camelot Software Planning as a coordinator and sound director, developing games for Sony, Sega and Nintendo. Sakuraba has been called upon as a composer for many Camelot games, including all of the games in the Mario Golf, Mario Tennis, and Golden Sun series.

In 1995, Wolf Team developed the breakthrough game Tales of Phantasia for Namco. This and other early games in the Tales series primarily featured Sakuraba and fellow Wolf Team co-worker Shinji Tamura as composers. Also in 1995, former Wolf Team director and producer Jun Asanuma, as well as Tales of Phantasia writer and programmer Yoshiharu Gotanda, founded tri-Ace with financial backing from Enix. The Star Ocean and Valkyrie Profile games have been their keystone productions. Sakuraba has been the composer for nearly all of their games, with only a few exceptions.

In 1999, long time Sakuraba sound designer and programmer Hiroya Hatsushiba, a former member of Wolf Team and tri-Ace, founded tri-Crescendo. While initially continuing to contribute sound work to tri-Ace games, tri-Crescendo began game development in 2001. Together with Monolith Soft, tri-Crescendo started working on Baten Kaitos: Eternal Wings and the Lost Ocean; Namco provided the financial backing. Hatsushiba, as director and main programmer of the project, again called upon Sakuraba's composing services. This has extended to the sequel, Baten Kaitos Origins, and Eternal Sonata. The remnants of Wolf Team later morphed into the Namco Telenet joint subsidiary Namco Tales Studio in 2003.

In 2007, Sakuraba was selected to join a long list of video game composers to arrange music for Super Smash Bros. Brawl. He chose to arrange the famous "Menu Theme" from the game's predecessor, Super Smash Bros. Melee. He also arranged "Gourmet Race" from Kirby Super Star, "Jungle Level Ver.2" from Donkey Kong Country, "Mario Tennis / Mario Golf" from Mario Tennis and Mario Golf, "Victory Road" from Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire, the "Airship Theme" from Super Mario Bros. 3, the "Battlefield Theme", "Final Destination", and "Battle Scene / Final Boss (Golden Sun)" from Golden Sun: The Lost Age.

In more recent years, Sakuraba has continued to write music for games in franchises he has worked with before, including Star Ocean: The Last Hope,[5] Golden Sun: Dark Dawn, Mario Tennis Open, Mario Golf: World Tour, and many Tales series games, including Hearts, Graces, Xillia, Xillia 2, Zestiria, and Berseria.[5] He has also contributed to other well known games such as the Dark Souls series, Kid Icarus: Uprising, and Phantasy Star Nova.[5][6] In 2014, he was selected to provide musical arrangements for Brawl's successor, Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U.[7] For this title, Sakuraba arranged "Theme from Area 6 / Missile Slipstream" from Star Fox 64 and Star Fox Command, "Battle! (Team Flare)" from Pokémon X and Y, and "The valedictory elegy" from Baten Kaitos Origins.

In addition, Sakuraba has continued to write for non-gaming and anime projects, including solo albums such as "Forest of glass", "What's up?", and "Passage", as well as lending his arrangement and performance abilities for many doujin styled arrange albums.[5]

Live performances[edit]

During July 2003, Sakuraba held a live concert in Tokyo, Japan. He performed progressive rock interpretations of his music from games Star Ocean: Till the End of Time, Star Ocean: The Second Story, Star Ocean: Blue Sphere and Valkyrie Profile. His bandmates for this concert were bassist Atsushi Hasegawa (a member of the band Gerard) and drummer Toshihiko Nakamura.[8] As noted, this concert was released on DVD and CD. At the same time as they were rehearsing for the concert, Hasegawa and Nakamura assisted in recording new material for the Director's Cut of Star Ocean: Till the End of Time.

The following year, the trio performed another concert. The venue was smaller, but included music from Baten Kaitos and a couple of new, non-game-related pieces. This concert was not officially recorded and released, however. However, in 2006, a new concert was given in celebration of tri-Ace's Valkyrie Profile: Silmeria.[9]

In September 2011, Sakuraba and his band joined up with the Earthbound Papas in Kawasaki, led by former Final Fantasy series composer Nobuo Uematsu, to perform at Fantasy Rock Fest 2011. The event featured game music performances, along with new progressive rock pieces from both bands. The first six tracks that Sakuraba and his band played were sold at the event as a preview CD for his then-upcoming solo album After all..., which was released by Strange Days Records on October 19, 2011.

In June 2015, Sakuraba performed at the Tales of Festival at the Yokohama Arena, being the first time he performed tracks from the Tales series at a live event.[10] A selection of Sakuraba's music from the Dark Souls and Tales series was performed live at the Salle Pleyel concert hall in Paris in February 2017.[11] The event, known as "Orchestral Memories", featured a guest appearance by Sakuraba.[11] The 2020 Tales of Festival featured an original song by him called "Endless Journey", dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the series.[12]

Musical style[edit]

Sakuraba takes the baroque and melodic Japanese progressive rock of the 1980s and expands it with his own trademark complex rhythms, emotional flutes, use of male choir, and heavy reverb. The lighter side of his style is a crossover between symphonic progressive rock, cinematic orchestra and new age. Sakuraba is also known for introducing many jazz-like improvisations to his music style. In recent years, he has made efforts towards expanding his style even further, becoming an accomplished symphonist and a versatile arranger.[13]


All works listed below were solely composed by Sakuraba unless otherwise noted.

Video games[edit]

Year Title Notes
1989 Zan: Kagerou no Toki with Masaaki Uno
Arcus II: Silent Symphony with Masaaki Uno and Yasunori Shiono
1990 Granada with Masaaki Uno
D: European Mirage with Masaaki Uno and Yasunori Shiono
Zan: Yasha Enbukyoku
Ryu: Naki no Ryuu Yori with Masaaki Uno and Yasunori Shiono
Final Zone with Masaaki Uno
Zan Gear arranged tracks from Zan: Kagerou no Toki
Span of Dream support
1991 Daitoua Mokujiroku Goh
Arcus Odyssey
Crystal Chaser with Masaaki Uno and Ryota Furuya
El Viento
Zan: Kagerou no Jidai arranged tracks from Zan: Kagerou no Toki
Arcus III with Ryota Furuya
Shinsengumi: Bakumatsu Genshi Gyou
Earnest Evans
Tenbu: Sangokushi Seishi with Ryota Furuya
1992 Sol-Deace
Seirei Shinseiki Fhey Area
Suzaku with Ryota Furuya
Zan II: Towns Special
Tenbu Limited with Ryota Furuya
Aisle Lord
Zan II: Spirits
Hiouden with Ryota Furuya
Diamond Players
Cobra Command ending theme
Tenbu: Mankan Zenseki
Time Gal ending theme
Earnest Evans (Sega Genesis)
Road Avenger
Apros with Ryota Furuya
1993 Neugier: Umi to Kaze no Kodō Sound effects
Annet Futatabi with Shinji Tamura ("Opening")
Devastator with Shinji Tamura and Ryota Furuya
Arcus Spirits
Hiouden II with Shinji Tamura and Ryota Furuya
Zan III: Tenun Ware ni Ari with Shinji Tamura
Ace wo Nerae!
Revenge of the Ninja sound effects
Yougekitai: Jashin Koumaroku with Shinji Tamura and Ryota Furuya
1994 Hiouden: Mamono-tachi to no Chikai with Hiroya Hatsushiba and Shinji Tamura
Zan III Spirits with Shinji Tamura
Cosmic Fantasy 4 with Shinji Tamura, Shingo Murakami, and Jun Hasebe
Tenshi no Uta: Shiroki Tsubasa no Inori with Shinji Tamura
Hiouden II' HD with Ryota Furuya
Sankyo Fever! Fever! with Shinji Tamura
The Grail Hunter with Shinji Tamura and Ryota Furuya
1995 Kyoraku Sanyo Toyomaru Parlor Parlor! with Shinji Tamura; Pachinko game series
Tokyo Twilight Busters with Shinji Tamura and Ryota Furuya
Beyond the Beyond
Tales of Phantasia with Shinji Tamura and Ryota Furuya
1996 Parlor! Mini with Shinji Tamura; Pachinko game series
Star Ocean
Shining the Holy Ark
1997 Everybody's Golf
Shining Force III
Tales of Destiny with Shinji Tamura
1998 Star Ocean: The Second Story
1999 Mario Golf
Cybernetic Empire with Shinji Tamura and Atsushi Horiguchi
Mario Golf GB
Valkyrie Profile
2000 Mario Tennis
Mario Tennis GB
Tales of Phantasia: Narikiri Dungeon reused compositions from Tales of Phantasia
Tales of Eternia with Shinji Tamura
2001 Mobile Golf
Star Ocean: Blue Sphere
Golden Sun
2002 Tales of Fandom Vol.1 with Shinji Tamura
Golden Sun: The Lost Age
Tales of Destiny 2 with Shinji Tamura
2003 Star Ocean: Till the End of Time
Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour
Tales of Symphonia with Shinji Tamura and Takeshi Arai
Baten Kaitos: Eternal Wings and the Lost Ocean
2004 Mario Golf: Advance Tour
Star Ocean: Till the End of Time: Director's Cut
Mario Power Tennis
Tales of Rebirth with Shinji Tamura
2005 Duel Masters: Birth of Super Dragon
Mario Tennis: Power Tour
Tales of the Abyss with Shinji Tamura
2006 Baten Kaitos Origins
Valkyrie Profile: Lenneth
Tales of Eternia Online
Valkyrie Profile 2: Silmeria
Tales of the Tempest
Tenshou Gakuen Gekkouroku
Tales of the World: Radiant Mythology with Takuya Yasuda and Go Shiina
2007 Eternal Sonata
Drone Tactics
We Love Golf!
Star Ocean: First Departure
2008 Super Smash Bros. Brawl arranged several tracks[a]
The Idolmaster Live For You! composed "Contradiction"
Star Ocean: Second Evolution
Tales of Symphonia: Dawn of the New World with Shinji Tamura
Tales of Vesperia
Infinite Undiscovery
Valkyrie Profile: Covenant of the Plume
Otomedius G arranged two tracks
Tales of Hearts with Shinji Tamura and Hiroshi Tamura
2009 Tales of the World: Radiant Mythology 2 with various others
Star Ocean: The Last Hope
Half-Minute Hero with various others
Tales of VS.
Valhalla Knights: Eldar Saga
Tales of Graces with Shinji Tamura
2010 Resonance of Fate with Kohei Tanaka
Deathsmiles IIX: Makai no Merry Christmas composed "Boss"
Tales of Phantasia: Narikiri Dungeon X with Shinji Tamura
Golden Sun: Dark Dawn
Tales of Graces f with Shinji Tamura
2011 Tales of the World: Radiant Mythology 3 with various others
Otomedius Excellent
Half-Minute Hero: The Second Coming
Tales of Xillia
Dark Souls
Shinra Bansho Frontier
2012 Beyond the Labyrinth
Tales of the Heroes: Twin Brave with Go Shiina
Kid Icarus: Uprising with Yuzo Koshiro, Masafumi Takada, Noriyuki Iwadare, Takahiro Nishi, and Yasunori Mitsuda
GuitarFreaksXG3 & DrumManiaXG3 composed "Hard distance"
Mario Tennis Open
Steel Battalion: Heavy Armor main theme
Samurai Empire
Dark Souls: Prepare to Die Edition
Bravely Default Performed on keyboards
Tales of Xillia 2
2013 Valkyrie Crusade[14]
Tales of Hearts R with Kazuhiro Nakamura
Gitadora composed "Crazy blooms"
Valhalla Knights 3
Tales of Symphonia Chronicles with Shinji Tamura and Takeshi Arai
2014 Dark Souls II with Yuka Kitamura
Mario Golf: World Tour
Gitadora OverDrive composed "Quarrel and Harmony"
Date A Live: Ars Install ending theme
Mirror War: Reincarnation of Holiness[15] with Maki Kirioka and Manabu Namiki
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U arranged several tracks[b]
Skylock: Kamigami to Unmei no Itsutsuko
Phantasy Star Nova
2015 Tales of Zestiria with Go Shiina
Dark Souls II: Scholar of the First Sin with Yuka Kitamura
God Chronicle
Mario Tennis: Ultra Smash
Exist Archive
2016 Dark Souls III with Yuka Kitamura, Tsukasa Saitoh, and Nobuyoshi Suzuki
Star Ocean: Integrity and Faithlessness
Valkyrie Anatomia: The Origin
Valkyrie Connect
Tales of Berseria
Star Ocean: Anamnesis[16]
2017 Tales of the Rays with Go Shiina, Eriko Sakurai, and Kazuhiro Nakamura
Mario Sports Superstars
2018 Mario Tennis Aces
Dragon Star Varnir main theme and battle music[17]
Monster Boy and the Cursed Kingdom with Yuzo Koshiro, Michiru Yamane, Keiki Kobayashi, and Takeshi Yanagawa
Super Smash Bros. Ultimate arranged several tracks[18][c]
2019 Laplace M[19]
Fantasy Earth: Zero composed eight tracks[20]
Rakugaki Kingdom composed "Stay the way!"[21]
2020 Higurashi When They Cry Mei battle music[22]
GoetiaX with various others[23]
Another Eden composed "Battles in another world", arrangements with Shinji Tamura[24]
2021 Cogen: Sword of Rewind[25]
Mario Golf: Super Rush
Tales of Arise[26]
2022 SacriFire[27] with G4F Records
2023 Eiyuden Chronicle with Michiko Naruke[28]


Year Title Notes
1997 Omata Kaoru
Gal Boy!
Otenki Onee-san
Otenki Onee-san 2 ~Ryoko Pri Pri~
1998 Cyber Bishoujo Telomere
1999 Vanny Knights
Roppongi Kyabakura Tenshi
2000 Gensomaden Saiyuki
2001 Star Ocean EX
2002 Atashin'chi
Weiß Kreuz Glühen
2003 Pluster World
2004 Umigame to Shonen
2008 Tales of the Abyss
2016 Tales of Zestiria the X with Go Shiina


Year Title Notes
2001 Blue Remains with Yuko Fukushima
Saiyuki: Requiem
2007 Diatom 4
2014 Tales of Zestiria: Dawn of the Shepherd with Go Shiina


Year Album Role Co-worker(s)
1988 Progressive's Battle 1988 Composition/arrangement
Deja-Vu: resurraction "LAST LIVE" Composition/arrangement
1989 Baroque in the Future Composition/arrangement
Crime Syndicate Composition/arrangement
(2 tracks)
with various others
Pazzo Fanfano di Musica Composition/arrangement
1990 Kings' Boards Composition/arrangement
("Drama Composition")
1991 Gikyokuonsou Composition/arrangement
1996 @MIDI's summer Composition/arrangement
with various others
1998 Le Meilleur Du Rock Progressif Japonais Composition/arrangement
("Tides Of History")
@MIDI's dance Composition/arrangement
("planetarium ~more "D" mix~")
Star Ocean: The Second Story Arrange Album Arrangement
1999 @MIDI's battle Composition/arrangement
with various others
2000 Valkyrie Profile Arrange Album Arrangement
@MIDI's freedom Composition/arrangement
(4 tracks)
with various others
2001 Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Children Game Music Arrange Tracks Arrangement Tomoyuki Hamada
2003 Star Ocean: Till the End of Time Arrange Album Arrangement
Motoi Sakuraba Live Concert Star Ocean & Valkyrie Profile Arrangement/performance
2004 Famicom 20th Anniversary Arrange Sound Tracks Arrangement
("Super Mario Bros.")
with various others
Dark Chronicle Premium Arrange Arrangement
(2 tracks)
Phantasy Star Online Episode I & II Premium Arrange Arrangement
("The whole new world")
2006 FM Sound Module Maniax Composition/arrangement
Rogue Galaxy Premium Arrange Arrangement
("Valkog's Theme")
Kiri no Mukou ni Tsunagaru Sekai / Haruka Shimotsuki + Revo Performance
Valkyrie Profile 2: Silmeria Arrange Album Arrangement
Motoi Sakuraba Live 2006 -Valkyrie Profile 2- Arrangement/performance
2008 Forest of glass Composition/arrangement
Red Stone Original Soundtrack Arrangement
("Legend of Red Stone (Arr. version)")
Etrian Odyssey II: Heroes of Lagaard Super Arrange Version Arrangement
("Battlefield - Scatter About")
with various others
Tales of Series Battle Arrange Tracks Arrangement
Tales of Series Piano Arrange Tracks Arrangement
Valkyrie Profile: Covenant of the Plume Arrange Album Arrangement
Message Composition/arrangement
("image ~imagery~")
with various others
2009 Star Ocean: The Last Hope Arrange Soundtrack Arrangement
DoDonPachi DaiOuJou Arrange Album Arrangement
("Yellow Stream (Last Boss)")
with various others
Mushihimesama Double Arrange Album Arrangement
("Shinju Forest Rebel Army?")
2010 Dariusburst Remix Wonder World Arrangement
("The Battle is Now in Progress")
2011 Akumajo Dracula Tribute Vol.1 Arrangement
After all... Composition/arrangement
GeOnDan Super Rare Trax: The Land of Rising Sun Composition/arrangement
with various others
Tales of Series Battle Arrange Tracks 2 Arrangement
2012 Ragnarok Online BGM Arrange Collection Arrangement
("Erebos' Prelude")
with various others
2013 What's up? Composition/arrangement
Valhalla Knights 3 Arrange Soundtrack Arrangement
Passage Composition/arrangement
Game Music Prayer Composition/arrangement
("Megrim Ver.2")
with various others
Ragnarok Online Elemental Tunes Arrangement
2014 Game Music Prayer II Composition/arrangement
("Hikari wo Sagashite")
Monster Hunter 10th Anniversary Compilation Album Arrangement
("Intercepting the Great Gong")
X'mas Collections music from Bravely Default Arrangement
("Horizon of Light and Shadow / X'mas Edit")
2015 GUILTY7 Composition/arrangement
Fantasy Rock Overture Composition/arrangement
("Pensiero Illogico")
with various others
2018 Braverthday / Nobuhiko Okamoto Composition/arrangement
2019 Game Music Prayer IV Composition/arrangement
("Improvisation in confusion")
2020 Tales of Dream Project -Festival Songs- Composition/arrangement
("Endless Journey")


  1. ^ "Menu (Super Smash Bros. Melee)", "Airship Theme (Super Mario Bros. 3)", "Mario Tennis / Mario Golf", "Jungle Level Ver.2", "Gourmet Race", "Victory Road" and "Battle Scene / Final Boss (Golden Sun)"
  2. ^ "Theme from Area 6/ Missile Slipstream", "Battle! (Team Flare)" and "The Valedictory Elegy"
  3. ^ "How to Play - Super Smash Bros. Melee", "Vs Parasite Queen", "Magicant", "Fourside", "Wood Man Stage", "The Arch-Illager" and "Main theme of FINAL FANTASY VII"
  1. ^ Person, Chris. "From Dark Souls to Valkyrie Profile: The Motoi Sakuraba Mixtape". Kotaku. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ Urrea, Sebastian. "Composer Analysis: Motoi Sakuraba Composer Analysis: Motoi Sakuraba". Original Sound Version. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Chris, Greening. "Motoi Sakuraba Profile". Video Game Music Online. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b c d Kotowski, Don. "Motoi Sakuraba Interview: Diverse New Projects". Video Game Music Online. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  6. ^ Tong, Sophia. "Sound Byte: Meet the Composer of Dark Souls". GameSpot. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
  7. ^ "Musicians who worked on new arrangements for Nintendo 3DS/Wii U versions". Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Tales of Festivle 2015 Cast". Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  11. ^ a b Osborn, Alex. "Dark Souls to Be Featured in Bandai Namco's Orchestral Concert in Europe". IGN. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  12. ^ Lada, Jenni (June 15, 2020). "Hear Leon, Lloyd, Zelos, Luke, Yuri, Sorey, and Mikleo Sing the New Tales of Festival Song". Siliconera. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  13. ^ Greening, Chris. "Motoi Sakuraba Profile". Game Music Online. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  14. ^ "ANDROID RELEASE : VALKYRIE CRUSADE". Gamasutra. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  15. ^ Greening, Chris. "Sample Mirror War's soundtrack featuring Kirioka, Namiki, and Sakuraba". Video Game Music Online. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  16. ^ Romano, Sal (October 18, 2016). "Star Ocean: Anamnesis has four-player multiplayer battles". Gematsu. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  17. ^ Romano, Sal. "Compile Heart announces Varnir of the Dragon Star for PS4". Gematsu. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  18. ^ Wong, Alistair. "Super Smash Bros. Ultimate's Final Week Covers Yoshi, Bayonetta, And Roy". Siliconera. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  19. ^ "Laplace M is now up for pre-registration". GamerBraves. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  20. ^ 「ファンタジーアース ゼロ」,桜庭 統氏書き下ろしの新BGM(8曲)が2月20日に実装へ。一部の試聴バージョンが本日公開. 4Gamer (in Japanese). Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  21. ^ "SOUND". (in Japanese). Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  22. ^ Romano, Sal (August 31, 2020). "Higurashi When They Cry Mei launches September 3 in Japan". Gematsu. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  23. ^ アピリッツ、スマートフォン向けゲーム『ゴエティアクロス』にてハーフアニバーサリー感謝祭実施中!. 4Gamer (in Japanese). Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  24. ^ "Crossover Between Another Eden: The Cat Beyond Time and Space and the Tales of Series Starts Today". Anime News Network. December 18, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  25. ^ Romano, Sal (June 6, 2020). "Side-scrolling action game COGEN: Sword of Rewind announced for PS4, Switch, and PC". Gematsu. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  26. ^ Bailey, Kat. "How Tales of Arise Reboots the Classic RPG Series". IGN. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  27. ^ Messner, Steven. "SacriFire combines Vagrant Story's combat with Octopath Traveler's gorgeous graphics". PC Gamer. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  28. ^ Webster, Andrew. "Suikoden's creators are crowdfunding a spiritual successor". The Verge. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  29. ^ "Braverthday【豪華盤】" (in Japanese). Lantis. Retrieved July 18, 2020.

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