Motor vehicle fatality rate in U.S. by year

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Annual US traffic fatalities per billion vehicle miles traveled (red), miles traveled (blue), per one million people (orange), total annual deaths (light blue), VMT in 10s of billions (dark blue) and population in millions (teal), from 1921 to 2017

The table below shows the motor vehicle fatality rate in the United States by year from 1899 through 2017.

For 2016 specifically, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) data shows 37,461 people were killed in 34,436 motor vehicle crashes, an average of 102 per day.[1]

In 2010, there were an estimated 5,419,000 crashes, 30,296 deadly, killing 32,999, and injuring 2,239,000.[2] About 2,000 children under 16 die every year in traffic collisions.[3] Records indicate that there were 3,613,732 motor vehicle fatalities in the United States from 1899 to 2013.

Although the number of deaths, and deaths relative to the total US population, declined over most of the previous two decades, the trend reversed in 2015 and continued to move upward in 2016.[needs update] From 1979 to 2005, the number of deaths per year decreased 14.97% while the number of deaths per capita decreased by 35.46%. The 32,479 traffic fatalities in 2011 were the lowest in 62 years, since 1949. US motor death statistics reported by government only include those on public roads, and do not include parking lots, driveways, and private roads.[4]

Motor vehicle deaths in U.S. by year[edit]

Year Deaths VMT– Vehicle miles traveled (billions) Fatalities per 100 million VMT Population Fatalities per 100,000 population Change in per capita fatalities from previous year
1899 26[5]
1900 36 76,094,000 0.05 NA
1901 54 77,584,000 0.07 Negative increase47.1%
1902 79 79,163,000 0.10 Negative increase43.4%
1903 117 80,632,000 0.15 Negative increase45.4%
1904 172 82,166,000 0.21 Negative increase44.3%
1905 252 83,822,000 0.30 Negative increase43.6%
1906 338 85,450,000 0.40 Negative increase31.6%
1907 581 87,008,000 0.67 Negative increase68.8%
1908 751 88,710,000 0.85 Negative increase26.8%
1909 1,174 90,490,000 1.30 Negative increase53.3%
1910 1,599 92,407,000 1.73 Negative increase33.4%
1911 2,043 93,863,000 2.18 Negative increase25.8%
1912 2,968 95,335,000 3.11 Negative increase43.0%
1913 4,079 97,225,000 4.20 Negative increase34.8%
1914 4,468 99,111,000 4.51 Negative increase7.5%
1915 6,779 100,546,000 6.74 Negative increase49.6%
1916 7,766 101,961,000 7.62 Negative increase13.0%
1917 9,630 103,268,000 9.33 Negative increase22.4%
1918 10,390 103,208,000 10.07 Negative increase8.0%
1919 10,896 104,514,000 10.42 Negative increase3.6%
1920 12,155 106,461,000 11.42 Negative increase9.5%
1921 13,253 55 24.09 108,538,000 12.21 Negative increase7.0%
1922 14,859 67 21.95 110,049,000 13.50 Negative increase10.6%
1923 17,870 85 21.03 111,947,000 15.96 Negative increase18.2%
1924 18,400 104 17.55 114,109,000 16.13 Negative increase1.0%
1925 20,771 122 16.98 115,829,000 17.93 Negative increase11.2%
1926 22,194 140 15.77 117,397,000 18.91 Negative increase5.4%
1927 24,470 158 15.44 119,035,000 20.56 Negative increase8.7%
1928 26,557 172 15.36 120,509,000 22.04 Negative increase7.2%
1929 29,592 197 14.97 121,767,000 24.30 Negative increase10.3%
1930 31,204 206 15.12 123,076,741 25.35 Negative increase4.3%
1931 31,963 216 14.79 124,039,648 25.77 Negative increase1.6%
1932 27,979 200 13.95 124,840,471 22.41 Positive decrease-13.0%
1933 29,746 200 14.83 125,578,763 23.69 Negative increase5.7%
1934 34,240 215 15.88 126,373,773 27.09 Negative increase14.4%
1935 34,494 228 15.09 127,250,232 27.11 Negative increase0.1%
1936 36,126 252 14.33 128,053,180 28.21 Negative increase4.1%
1937 37,819 270 14.00 128,824,829 29.36 Negative increase4.1%
1938 31,083 271 11.46 129,824,939 23.94 Positive decrease-18.4%
1939 30,895 285 10.83 130,879,718 23.61 Positive decrease-1.4%
1940 32,914 302 10.89 132,122,446 24.91 Negative increase5.5%
1941 38,142 333 11.43 133,402,471 28.59 Negative increase14.8%
1942 27,007 268 10.07 134,859,553 20.03 Positive decrease-30.0%
1943 22,727 208 10.92 136,739,353 16.62 Positive decrease-17.0%
1944 23,165 212 10.89 138,397,345 16.74 Negative increase0.7%
1945 26,785 250 10.71 139,928,165 19.14 Negative increase14.4%
1946 31,874 340 9.35 141,388,566 22.54 Negative increase17.8%
1947 31,193 370 8.41 144,126,071 21.64 Positive decrease-4.0%
1948 30,775 397 7.73 146,631,302 21.00 Positive decrease-3.0%
1949 30,246 424 7.13 149,188,130 20.27 Positive decrease-3.4%
1950 33,186 458 7.24 152,271,417 21.79 Negative increase7.5%
1951 35,309 491 7.19 154,877,889 22.80 Negative increase4.6%
1952 36,088 513 7.03 157,552,740 22.91 Negative increase0.5%
1953 36,190 544 6.65 160,184,192 22.59 Positive decrease-1.4%
1954 33,890 561 6.03 163,025,854 20.79 Positive decrease-8.0%
1955 36,688 605 6.06 165,931,202 22.11 Negative increase6.4%
1956 37,965 627 6.05 168,903,031 22.48 Negative increase1.7%
1957 36,932 647 5.71 171,984,130 21.47 Positive decrease-4.5%
1958 35,331 664 5.32 174,881,904 20.20 Positive decrease-5.9%
1959 36,223 700 5.17 177,829,628 20.37 Negative increase0.8%
1960 36,399 718 5.06 180,671,158 20.15 Positive decrease-1.1%
1961 36,285 737 4.92 183,691,481 19.75 Positive decrease-2.0%
1962 38,980 766 5.08 186,537,737 20.90 Negative increase5.8%
1963 41,723 805 5.18 189,241,798 22.05 Negative increase5.5%
1964 45,645 846 5.39 191,888,791 23.79 Negative increase7.9%
1965 47,089 887 5.30 194,302,963 24.24 Negative increase1.9%
1966 50,894 925 5.50 196,560,338 25.89 Negative increase6.8%
1967 50,724 964 5.26 198,712,056 25.53 Positive decrease-1.4%
1968 52,725 1,015 5.19 200,706,052 26.27 Negative increase2.9%
1969 53,543 1,061 5.04 202,676,946 26.42 Negative increase0.6%
1970 52,627 1,109 4.74 205,052,174 25.67 Positive decrease-2.9%
1971 52,542 1,178 4.46 207,660,677 25.30 Positive decrease-1.4%
1972 54,589 1,259 4.33 209,896,021 26.01 Negative increase2.8%
1973 54,052 1,313 4.12 211,908,788 25.51 Positive decrease-1.9%
1974 45,196 1,280 3.53 213,853,928 21.13 Positive decrease-17.1%
1975 44,525 1,327 3.35 215,973,199 20.62 Positive decrease-2.5%
1976 45,523 1,402 3.25 218,035,164 20.88 Negative increase1.3%
1977 47,878 1,467 3.26 220,239,425 21.74 Negative increase4.1%
1978 50,331 1,544 3.26 222,584,545 22.61 Negative increase4.0%
1979 51,093 1,529 3.34 225,055,487 22.70 Negative increase0.4%
1980 51,091 1,527 3.35 227,224,681 22.48 Positive decrease-1.0%
1981 49,301 1,552 3.18 229,465,714 21.49 Positive decrease-4.5%
1982 43,945 1,595 2.76 231,664,458 18.97 Positive decrease-11.7%
1983 42,589 1,652 2.58 233,791,994 18.22 Positive decrease-4.0%
1984 44,257 1,720 2.57 235,824,902 18.77 Negative increase3.0%
1985 43,825 1,774 2.47 237,923,795 18.42 Positive decrease-1.9%
1986 46,087 1,834 2.51 240,132,887 19.19 Negative increase4.2%
1987 46,390 1,921 2.42 242,288,918 19.15 Positive decrease-0.2%
1988 47,087 2,025 2.32 244,498,982 19.26 Negative increase0.6%
1989 45,582 2,096 2.17 246,819,230 18.47 Positive decrease-4.1%
1990 44,599 2,144 2.08 249,464,396 17.88 Positive decrease-3.2%
1991 41,508 2,172 1.91 252,153,092 16.46 Positive decrease-7.9%
1992 39,250 2,247 1.75 255,029,699 15.39 Positive decrease-6.5%
1993 40,150 2,296 1.75 257,782,608 15.58 Negative increase1.2%
1994 40,716 2,358 1.73 260,327,021 15.64 Negative increase0.4%
1995 41,817 2,423 1.73 262,803,276 15.91 Negative increase1.7%
1996 42,065 2,486 1.69 265,228,572 15.86 Positive decrease-0.3%
1997 42,013 2,562 1.64 267,783,607 15.69 Positive decrease-1.1%
1998 41,501 2,632 1.58 270,248,003 15.36 Positive decrease-2.1%
1999 41,717 2,691 1.55 272,690,813 15.30 Positive decrease-0.4%
2000 41,945 2,747 1.53 282,216,952 14.86 Positive decrease-2.9%
2001[2] 42,196 2,797 1.51 285,226,284 14.79 Positive decrease-0.5%
2002 43,005 2,856 1.51 288,125,973 14.93 Negative increase0.9%
2003 42,884 2,890 1.48 290,796,023 14.75 Positive decrease-1.8%
2004 42,836 2,965 1.44 293,638,158 14.59 Positive decrease-0.5%
2005 43,510 2,989 1.46 296,507,061 14.67 Negative increase0.4%
2006 42,708 3,014 1.42 299,398,484 14.27 Positive decrease-2.8%
2007 41,259 3,031 1.36 301,139,947 13.70 Positive decrease-3.9%
2008 37,423 2,977 1.26 303,824,640 12.32 Positive decrease-11.0%
2009 33,883 2,957 1.15 306,700,000 11.05 Positive decrease-9.7%
2010[2] 32,999 2,967 1.11 309,326,000 10.67 Positive decrease-3.5%
2011[6] 32,479 2,950 1.10 311,588,000 10.42 Positive decrease-2.3%
2012[7] 33,782 2,969 1.14 313,914,000 10.75 Negative increase2.6%
2013 32,893 2,988 1.10 316,129,000 10.40 Positive decrease-3.3%
2014 32,744 3,026 1.08 318,860,000 10.28 Positive decrease-0.9%
2015 35,485 3,095 1.15 321,370,000 11.06 Negative increase10.5%
2016[8] 37,806 3,174 1.19 323,121,000 11.59 Negative increase5.6%
2017[8] 37,133 3,213 1.16 326,213,213 11.40 Positive decrease-1.8%
2018[9][10] 36,560 3,223 1.13 Positive decrease-2.4%

2010 detailed statistics[edit]

The following table summarizes the number of people killed and injured in fatal collisions by month in 2010. The table does not include injuries resulting from incidents in which no fatalities occurred.[11]

Month Fatalities In-vehicle casualties (excluding uninjured bus occupants) Non-vehicle casualties (including pedestrians)
Jan 2290 4785 427
Feb 2016 4340 386
Mar 2423 5087 407
Apr 2777 5775 404
May 2934 6066 419
Jun 2795 5809 348
Jul 3095 6763 456
Aug 3083 6549 428
Sep 3024 6309 511
Oct 3056 6382 543
Nov 2795 5842 573
Dec 2597 5417 548

These fatalities do not include those also attributable to transportation due pollution nor energy production for the use of the transportation. They are also only human fatalities, and animals are also significantly affected with tens of millions of deaths [12]. Another factor not included in this tally is that attributable to traffic noise, which could be millions as a contributory factor and is likely to be tens of thousands as a direct consequence [13].

Pedestrians[edit]

Pedestrian deaths are included in above totals. These deaths had been falling from 6,482 in 1990 to 4,109 in 2009. The number began rising in 2010, and exceeded 6,000 by 2018. Proportionately, pedestrians comprised 12% of all traffic deaths in 2008, rising to 16% in 2017. A report by the Governors Highway Safety Association said most of the increases in deaths occurred at night, as well as suggesting several other potential explanations for the rise, including changes in economics, such as fuel prices, and changes in weather and demographics, along with increases in population, vehicle miles traveled, and time spent walking. The shift away from passenger cars to light duty trucks, particularity the popularity of SUVs, also coincided with the increase, and light truck impacts cause worse pedestrian injuries. An increase in pedestrian smartphone distraction is also a factor, with the number of phones in use increasing by a factor of five from 2010 to 2017.[14] Some 6,227 pedestrians were killed in traffic in 2018 in the US.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812451
  2. ^ a b c 'Fatality Analysis Reporting System' 2010, fars.NHTSA.dot.gov Retrieved July 3, 2014
  3. ^ Dow Chang. "Comparison of Crash Fatalities by Sex and Age Group". nhtsa.dot.gov.
  4. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/news/medical/article/2016-traffic-deaths-jump-to-highest-level-in-10934306.php
  5. ^ "U.S. Highway Deaths Decline 2.9%, Falling for Fifth Year". Bloomberg. December 8, 2011.
  6. ^ 'Fatality Analysis Reporting System' 2011, fars.NHTSA.dot.gov Retrieved July 3, 2014
  7. ^ NHTSA Quick Facts 2014 https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812234
  8. ^ a b https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812603
  9. ^ https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812826. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "U.S. pedestrian, bicyclist deaths rise in 2018: report". Reuters. 2019-06-17. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  11. ^ "FARS 2010". National Highway Transportation Safety Administration.
  12. ^ "More Animals Are Killed By Cars Each Day Than We Ever Could Have Imagined". the dodo. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  13. ^ "Sonic doom: how noise pollution kills thousands each year". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  14. ^ Retting, Richard; Sam Schwartz Consulting (February 2019), Macek, Kara (ed.), Pedestrian Traffic Fatalities by State 2018 Preliminary Data (PDF), Governors Highway Safety Association
  15. ^ LeBeau, Phil (February 28, 2019), "Pedestrian deaths hit 28-year high, and big vehicles and smartphones are to blame", CNBC

External links[edit]