Motorways in Serbia
Motorways in Serbia are called autoput (Serbian Cyrillic: аутопут), a name which simply means auto road. Roads that are motorways are categorized as state roads, class Ia and are marked with one-digit numbers. Motorways in Serbia have three lanes (including emergency lane) in each direction (including hard shoulder), signs are white-on-green, and the normal speed limit is 130 km/h (since June 2018). They are maintained and operated by the national road construction company JP "Putevi Srbije" ("Roads of Serbia").
As of December 2018, there are 790 km of motorways in service.
The backbone of the motorways is what was once called during Yugoslav period, the Brotherhood and Unity Highway, which was opened in 1950 and goes from the border with Croatia, through Belgrade, Central Serbia, Niš, and border with Republic of Macedonia. It was one of the first modern highways in Central-Eastern Europe. It is the most direct link between Central and Western Europe with Greece and Turkey, and subsequently Middle-East. Besides providing a direct link between Germany and Austria to Greece, it includes several connections. Shortly after passing the Serbian-Croatian border, a road coming from Bijeljnina feeds the motorway with traffic coming from Bosnia and Herzegovina; next the A1 which joins in Belgrade coming from Novi Sad, Subotica and the Hungarian border, bringing more traffic from Central and North-East Europe; then the link with Pančevo and Vršac arriving to Belgrade bringing traffic from Banat region, Romania, Moldova and Ukraine; Belgrade receives from the South a newly built highway which will come all the way from the Montenegrin port of Bar in the Adriatic sea linking Montenegro and Western Serbia with Belgrade. From Belgrade to Niš the highway liks Central Serbia with several minor extensions to important cities, towns and industrial centers in Morava valley. Niš receives two feeder roads, one coming from West from Albania through Pristina, and another coming from East directly from Istanbul, via Plovdiv and Sofia. The highway continues South passing through Leskovac and Vranje before reaching Macedonian border. From there it passes through Macedonian capital Skopje following almost in straight line all way to the Greek border. Once entering Greece, one enters into Greeks main highway linking the two major Greek cities, Thessalonika with capital Athens. This highway just inherited a millenial tradition of being the main link between the Pannonian basin, easily accessible from Central Europe, towards Balkans, Greece, Anatolia, Middle East and the Holy Land.
List of motorways
|A1||Border with Hungary near Horgoš - Subotica - Novi Sad - Belgrade (Belgrade bypass) - Niš - Leskovac - Vranje - Border with Macedonia near Preševo||588 km||562 km|
|A2||Belgrade (intersection with A1) - Preljina (intersection with A5) near Čačak - Požega - Border with Montenegro near Boljare||258 km||53 km|
|A3||Belgrade (intersection with A1) - Sremska Mitrovica - Border with Croatia near Batrovci||93 km||93 km|
|A4||Niš (intersection with A1) - Pirot - Border with Bulgaria near Gradinje||105 km||82 km|
|A5||Preljina (intersection with A2) near Čačak - Kraljevo - Kruševac - Pojate (intersection with A1)||110 km||0 km|
|Total||1,154 km||790 km|
A1 runs from the Horgoš border crossing with Hungary near Subotica, passing Novi Sad, Belgrade (A3 and A2 junction), Pojate near Kruševac (A5 junction), Niš (A4 junction), Leskovac and Vranje and eventually ends at the Preševo border crossing with the Republic of Macedonia. This motorway is part of European route E75.
Since 2004, motorways network have been under constant expansion. There are currently 124 kilometers of motorways under construction: two sections 34 km-long of the A1 motorway (from south of Leskovac to Bujanovac), 67 km-long segment of A2 (between Belgrade and Ljig), and 23 kilometers on the A4 (east of Niš to the Bulgarian border).
Motorways annual expansion figures since 2004:
- "Uredba o kategorizaciji državnih puteva". Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia (105). 29 November 2013. (Subscription required (help)).
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