Motorways of Pakistan
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Symbol of the Pakistan motorway
|Length:||3,504 km (2,177 mi)|
The Motorways of Pakistan are a network of multiple-lane, high-speed, limited-access or controlled-access highways in Pakistan, which are owned, maintained and operated federally by Pakistan's National Highway Authority. The total length of Pakistan's motorways is 929 km as of June 1, 2016. Around 2000 km of motorways are currently under construction at different part of country. Most of these motorway projects will be completed in 2017 and 2018 respectively.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Peshawar-Islamabad Motorway (M-1)
- 1.2 Lahore-Islamabad Motorway (M-2)
- 1.3 Pindi Bhattian-Faisalabad Motorway (M-3)
- 1.4 Faisalabad-Multan Motorway (M-4)
- 1.5 Sukkur-Multan Motorway (M-5)
- 1.6 Dadu-Hub Motorway (M-7)
- 1.7 Ratodero-Gawader Motorway (M-8)
- 1.8 Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway (M-9)
- 1.9 Karachi Northern Bypass (M-10)
- 1.10 Hakla-Dera Ismail Khan Motorway
- 2 List of motorways
- 3 Patrolling and enforcement
- 4 Emergency runways
- 5 List of expressways
- 6 Pakistan Motorways Map
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Pakistan's motorways are part of Pakistan's "National Trade Corridor Project", which aims to link Pakistan's three Arabian Sea ports (Karachi Port, Port Bin Qasim and Gwadar Port) to the rest of the country through its national highways and motorways network and further north with Afghanistan, Central Asia and China.It was planned in 1990. China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project link Gwadar Port (Pakistan) and Kashgar (China) by Motorways Expressways. National Highways and Rail Network which was signed in 2013.
Pakistan's first motorway, the 367 km 6-lane M-2, connecting the cities of Islamabad and Lahore, was constructed by the South Korean company Daewoo and was inaugurated in November 1997. It was also the first motorway to be built in South Asia.
The M3 is a motorway that links the city of Faisalabad with the Lahore-Islamabad Motorway (M-2). The M3 will eventually become an important link connecting southern Pakistan with the north. It is only 53 km long making it the shortest motorway of Pakistan. It has 2 junctions in between.
Construction of Pakistan's fourth motorway, the 233 km 4-lane M-4, began on 19 August 2009. Faisalabad-Gojra section completed and in March 2015 opened for traffic, Other M-4 Section Khanewal-Multan also completed and opened for traffic in November 2015. It is the part of KLM. it will link Multan with the M-3 Motorway at Faisalabad. It is connected with 6 major cities of Pakistan (Gojra, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh, Shorkot, Khanewal & Multan). Faisalabad-Multan Motorway (M-4) begins at the termination of the M-3 at the Sargodha Road Interchange on the northern outskirts of Faisalabad. It will continue on a southwest course connecting the cities of Faisalabad, Jhang, Gojra, Toba Tek Singh, Shorkot, Khanewal and Multan. Once at Khanewal, it will merge onto the N5 temporarily until the M5 is complete. The M-4 will have four sections: (i) Faisalabad-Gojra (58 km), (ii) Gojra-Shorkot (62 km), (iii) Shorkot-Din Pur-Khanewal (64 km) and (iv) Khanewal-Multan (45 km), whereas two large bridges will be constructed on the River Ravi and Sadhnai Canal.
The M-5 is a planned 1,160 km long, 6-lane motorway that will link Lahore with Karachi. This is also known for Karachi-Multan-Lahore Motorway,Short as KLM Project. Groundbreaking ceremony of 392-kilometre six-lane Sukkur-Multan Motorway(M-5) by Prime minister Nawaz shareif at 6 May 2016 at Sukkur It is part of Peshawar-Karachi motorway. It is a part of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). 392 kilometre section of the motorway will cost Rs 294 billion and will be completed in three years. 90% of the project's cost is to be financed by concessionary loans from China,The six-lane motorway will pass through Multan-Jalalpur Peerwala Ahmed Pur East, Ubaro and Pano Aqil and will terminate at Sukkur. The section will have 11 interchanges and ten rest-areas. A total of around 54 bridges are to be constructed in the project with one major bridge on River Sutlej.
The 892 km 4-lane M-8 is under-construction in Sindh and Balochistan provinces. Initially, it will have 2 lanes with a further 2 lanes planned. The 4 lane motorway will be upgradable to 6 lanes. Once completed it will directly link the port city of Gwadar with the rest of Pakistan's motorway network at Ratodero, where it will link up with the M-6 (Multan-Dera Ghazi Khan-Ratodero Motorway). It will be the longest motorway in Pakistan. Ratodero (Larakana) Link with Khuzdar and Gwadar Port. This route is partially constructed. 193 Km long stretch between Gwadar and Hoshab was inaugurated by PM Nawaz Sharif and Army Chief Raheel Sharif on Feb 3, 2016. It links Indus Highway (N-55) with Khuzdar , Awaran, Hoshab , Turbat and Gwadar Port. It will be important route in China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). In future it will be Linked by Sukkur-Multan Motorway (M-5).
The current 4-lane Hyderabad-Karachi "Super Highway" is in the process of being upgraded into a 6-lane access-controlled motorway, designated the "M-9". The M-9 Motorway will have 8 interchanges, 2 service areas at the midway points and 16 toll plazas on entry and exit points. M-9 Motorway construction is underway since from March 8, 2015 and it will be completed in next 2.5 Years.
The M10 is a motorway located in Sindh province, Pakistan, however it is mostly referred to as the Karachi Northern Bypass. It is 57 km long and consists of 4 lanes (2 lanes operational). The M10 begins north of Karachi at the end of Mohammad Ali Jinnah Road, near the junction of the M9 to which it is connected through a Trumpet interchange. It then continues north for a few kilometers before turning west, where it forms an interchange with the N25. After this interchange it eventually turns south back towards Karachi and merges onto the KPT Flyover at Karachi Port.
The Hakla-D I khan Motorway is a 280 kilometer long 8 lane controlled access motorway being constructed as part of the Western Alignment of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). It will commence at the Hakla Rest area near Tarnol interchange on the M-1 at Hasan Abdal, and traverse the Sindh Sagar Doab before crossing the Indus River near Mianwali. From there, the motorway will continue into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, and terminate at the town of Yarik Indus Highway (N-55), near Dera Ismail Khan. The alignment started from Yarak at Indus highway to Rahman khaili, Isakhail, Mianwali, Skanderabad, Daud Khail, Kala Bagh, Tarap, Pindi Gheb and Tarnol Interchange, Islamabad(M-1). The earth breaking ceremony was held by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif at Yarak (Indus Highway N-55) dated 17 May 2016. It will be completed in two years. The estimated cost will be Rs 129.782 Billion. There will be 5 packages for construction Package-I (000-050 km): N-55 (DI Khan (Yarik) – Wanda Mir Alam) (50 km) Package-II (050-100 km): Wanda Mir Alam – Beruli (50 km) Package-III (100-155 km): Beruli – Tarap (55 km) Package-IV (155-212 km): Tarap – Pindi Gheb (62 km) Package-V (212-280 km): Pindi Gheb - Hakla (63 km)
List of motorways
|Name & Sign||Course||Length||Lanes||Completion Year||Status||Remarks|
|Peshawar – Islamabad||155 km||6||2007||Operational||It takes 1.5 hours to travel from Islamabad/ Rawalpindi to Peshawar.|
|Islamabad - Lahore||367 km||6||1997||Operational||It takes 3 hours to travel from Islamabad/ Rawalpindi to Lahore.|
|Pindi Bhattian – Faisalabad||54 km||4||2003.||Operational||Connects the M-2 Motorway (near Pindi Bhattian) to Faisalabad and the M-4 Motorway. It takes less than 30 minutes from M2 junction to reach Faisalabad. It takes 2.5 hours to travel from Islamabad/ Rawalpindi to Faisalabad.|
|Faisalabad – Multan||233 km||4||2017||Section 1 & Section 4 operational. Section 2 is under-construction with ADB's $172 million loan and UK's $90.7 million grant, will be completed in November, 2017.||Under construction since 2009. Faisalabad-Gojra 58 km section and Khanewal-Multan 45 km section completed and opened for traffic.M4 Will connect with Karachi-Lahore Motorway at Khanewal.|
|Karachi – Lahore (KLM)||1160 km||6||December 2017||Under construction||Under Construction since Dec 2015. The project is expected to be completed towards end of December 2017.|
|Multan – D.G Khan-Ratodero||100 km||4||2017||Planned||Land acquisition underway. The project is expected to be completed towards end of 2017.|
|Dadu – Hub||350 km||4||2017||Under construction||Construction commenced in 2014. The project is expected to be completed towards end of 2017.|
|Ratodero – Gwadar||892 km||4||2017||Partially Operational/Under Construction||2-lane Ratodero-Shahdadkot section complete and operational. 2-lane Shahdadkot-Khuzdar section under construction. Work on 193 km Gwadar-Turbat-Hoshab-Khuzdar section has been completed and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Army Chief Raheel Sharif inaugurated it on Feb 3, 2016. The entire project is expected to complete towards end of 2017.|
|Hyderabad – Karachi||136 km||6||March 2017||Partially Operational/Under Construction||Upgradation of existing Super Highway into 6-lane motorway. Under Construction since 11/03/2015 and will be completed in March 2017.|
|Karachi Northern Bypass||57 km||4||2009||Operational||Currently 2-lanes, to be upgraded to 4-lanes.|
|M-11||Sialkot Lahore Motorway||90 km||6||March 2018||Under Construction||Under Construction|
N/A = Not Available
Patrolling and enforcement
Pakistan's Motorways are patrolled by Pakistan's National Highways & Motorway Police (NH&MP), which is responsible for enforcement of traffic and safety laws, security and recovery on the Pakistan Motorway network. The NH&MP use SUVs, cars and heavy motorbikes for patrolling purposes and uses speed cameras for enforcing speed limits.
The M-1 motorway (Peshawar-Islamabad) and the M-2 motorway (Islamabad-Lahore) each include two emergency runway sections of 9,000 feet (2,700 m) length. The four emergency runway sections become operational by removing removable concrete medians using forklifts. The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has used the M-2 motorway as a runway on two occasions: for the first time in 2000 when it landed an F-7P fighter, a Super Mushak trainer and a C-130 and, again, in 2010. On the last occasion, the PAF used a runway section on the M-2 motorway on 2 April 2010 to land, refuel and take-off two jet fighters, a Mirage III and an F-7P, during its Highmark 2010 exercise.
List of expressways
|Peshawar - Torkham Expressway
|65 km||4||2018||Under Construction||Will link Pakistan-Afghanistan Border at Torkham with M-1. Construction scheduled to commence in 2018 and completed in 2023.|
|Peshawar Northern Bypass
|32 km||4||2013||Operational||Will link M-1 with N-5|
|Peshawar Ring Road||25 km||6||N/A||Under Construction||Orbital expressway around Peshawar
linked to M-1 and N-5
|.||Hasan Abdal - Havelian - Mansehra - Shinkyari
Hazara Expressway (E-35). Also known as Hazara Motowary.
|110 km||6||2016||Under construction.||Will connect the N-5 National Highway and M-1 Motorway at Burhan Interchange (near Hasanabdal) with the Karakoram Highway at Mansehra via Havelian and Abbottabad. This expressway will be six lane access controlled highway, also known as Hazara Motorway. The speed limit will be 120 km/ hr. This will reduce travel time to Mansehra to about an hour.|
|Islamabad – Murree – Muzaffarabad Expressway (E-75)
||130 km||4||2013/2015||Partially Operational/Under Construction||Islamabad-Murree section operational|
|Rawat – Thalian||29 km||4||N/A||Planned|
|Lahore Bypass||7.5 km||4||2006||Operational||Links M-2 to N-5|
|Lahore Ring Road||85 km||6||2011 (Northern Loop)||40 km Northern Loop Operational
45 km Southern Loop Planned
|Orbital expressway around Lahore
linked to M-2 and N-5. Construction of Southern Loop to commence in 2015
|Kala Shah Kaku-Lahore Expressway||12 km||8||2017||Under Construction||Will link Kala Shah Kaku Industrial to the city of Lahore. Will include 2 lanes for Lahore Metrobus BRT too.|
|Islamabad Highway||28 km||10||1960s||Operational/ Currently undergoing upgrade to 10 lanes||Links Rawat to the city of Islamabad. Being converted into signal free expressway with 10 lanes. The project is expected to be completed towards end of 2016. After the work is completed, it will take 15 minutes to travel from Rawat to Zero point. After the project is completed, the road will be linked to M-2 motorway so that those entering Islamabad through M-2 have another way to enter the capital.|
|Lahore – Nankana Sahib Expressway||63 km||4||N/A||Planned|
|Kot Sarwar - Hafizabad – Wazirabad Expressway (E-3)||100 km||4||2015||Under Construction|
|Khanewal – Lodhran (Bahawalpur) (E-5A)||103 km||4||2016||Under construction||Construction scheduled to commence in 2014.|
|Ratodero - Daddu - Sehwan (E-5B)||200 km||8||Under construction|
|Lyari Expressway (Karachi)||17 km||4||2010||Operational||Links M-9 to Mauripur Road, Karachi|
|Muzaffarabad - Mirpur - Mangla Expressway||196 km||4||N/A||Planned||First Major road in Azad Kashmir . This is a strategic expressway, which is going pass through almost all districts of AJK along with Jhelum river. After the project is completed, the residents of Mirpur can go straight from Mirpur to Muzaffarabad rather than going on GT road through Islamabad/Rawalpindi.|
N/A = Not Available
Pakistan Motorways Map
- Indus Highway (N-55)
- Karakoram Highway (N-35)
- Makran Coastal Highway (N-10)
- N-25 National Highway (RCD Highway)
- National Highways of Pakistan
- Speed limits in Pakistan
- Transport in Pakistan