Motovilikha Plants

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Motovilikha Plants
Native name
Мотовилихинские заводы
Public company
Traded as MCXMOTZ
Industry Defense industry
Founded 1736[1]
Headquarters Perm, Russia
Products Artillery, Self-propelled artillery, Howitzers, Multiple rocket launchers, Military vehicles
Revenue $170 million[2] (2016)
-$26.8 million[2] (2016)
-$48.7 million[2] (2016)
Total assets $283 million[2] (2016)
Total equity -$72.7 million[2] (2016)
Owner Rostec (39.9%)
NPO Splav (10%)[3]
Website mz.perm.ru

Motovilikha Plants (Russian: Мотовилихинские заводы; MCXMOTZ) is a Russian metallurgical and military equipment manufacturer. In 2016 Motovilikha Plants joined NPO Splav, a Rostec company.[4] It is named after the former town of Motovilikha, where it's located, which in 1938 was amalgamated into the city of Perm. The town in turn was named after the eponymous river, a small Kama tributary.

History[edit]

Motovilikha Plants in 1917

The plant was established in 1736, when Empress Anna ordered the establishment of a smelter to produce steel for the nearby factories that existed at the time, supplying steel blocks for the manufacture of rifles and guns.[1] By the late 18th century the manufacturing of weapons began in the village of Motovilikha, to meet the increasing demand.[1] Guns from Motovilikha were used in all the wars in which Russia was involved in the first half of the 19th century, including the Napoleonic Wars and the Crimean war.[1]

The second half of the 19th century saw increasing efforts to implement industrial-age manufacturing in Russia, which in 1871 led to the consolidation of all the metal smelters and weapons workshops in the region in a single facility based in the city of Perm.[1]

The plant launched the first steamship in the Urals, in 1871, and the first steam locomotive the following year.[1] In 1893, Nikolay Slavyanov introduced shielded metal arc welding while working at the Perm plant.[1] By 1914 the factory was manufacturing every third cannon in Russia.[1] The early Soviet era saw the facilities being used to manufacture a wide range of machinery, including machine tools, cranes and construction equipment.[1] After the outbreak of World War II the factory returned to the production of heavy weaponry, resuming production of civilian equipment only after the war ended.[1]

In 2011, a modern artillery production line was established at the plant.[1]

Products[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Vershinin, Alexander (21 September 2015). "Motovilikha, unsung hero of Russia's large munitions plants". Russia Beyond The Headlines. Retrieved 2 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Financial Statements 2016". Motovilikha Plants. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Список аффилированных лиц". E-Disclosure.ru. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  4. ^ "Тула со смещенным центром". Коммерсантъ (Пермь). 9 February 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 

External links[edit]