The suburban shopping parade at Motspur Park dates from the 1930s
|Population||9,862 (2011 Census. West Barnes Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||NEW MALDEN|
Motspur Park owes its identity to the railway station of the same name, which has six trains an hour to London Waterloo, and to the adjacent parade of small shops. Two prominent gas holders, which are used to store the consumer gas supply for south-west London, stand just south of the shopping parade and can be seen from a wide area.
Two of London's minor natural water courses run through the area. The Beverley Brook runs south to north through its centre and its smaller tributary the Pyl Brook runs parallel further to the east. These have in the past given rise to some local flooding.
The Motspur Park athletics stadium was built by the University of London in 1928 and achieved fame when the world mile record was set there in 1938. It was sold to Fulham Football Club as their training ground in 1999.
The name comes from Motspur Farm which was located in the area between the modern road called Motspur Park and Chilmark Gardens. The 1865 OS map shows the farm's name as Mospur . The adage "Park" was appended when the area was developed for market gardening in the late nineteenth century, along with Raynes Park, Stoneleigh Park & Worcester Park and denotes a system of intensive cultivation.
The district was historically known as West Barnes and formed part of the traditional county of Surrey. It was rural right up to the end of the nineteenth century when the railway station was built. Two local lanes, West Barnes Lane and Blakes Lane, represent remnants from this rural era. The barns referred to were those at the western end of Merton Abbey's estates and were just north of West Barnes Lane's junction with the modern Crossway.
After the dissolution of the monasteries the abbey land was granted to the Gresham family, (descendants of Thomas Gresham) who were wealthy London merchants. They retained the estate for two generations, finally selling it (either in 1570 but this date has been questioned or 1612) to John Carpenter, a local farmer. The area, remained agricultural and was farmed by a number of families, probably the most well known being the Raynes who gave their name to Raynes Park. In the nineteenth century two local landowners were Charles Blake, the owner of Blue House Farm (located in the area of the modern Barnes End) and Richard Garth Lord of the Manor of Morden. Both were lawyers and Garth eventually became a judge. They joined forces to seek to procure a Parliamentary bill for a railway line to run across their properties.
Large mansions and farms are the only habitation shown on the 1871 map of the district with no station or residential districts. The area east of the railway was part of Hobbald(e)s Farm (located at the junction of the modern Lower Morden lane and Garth Road) which was owned by Garth. The oak woodland alongside the railway was planted around this time to screen it and it remains today as a nature reserve.
The land was sold and then leased to J.J. Bishop the founder of the Bishops Move removal company around 1873. In 1892 part of the estate was sold to Battersea Corporation for use as a cemetery which still remains as the Northeast Surrey Crematorium.
Beginning of the suburban era
The area was developed as a suburb in the years just before the first and up to the second world wars. The first developments were in streets off the Burlington Road which had a tram route from about 1906. Pre First world war houses form the northern ends of Belmont, Cavendish and Claremont Avenues west of the railway; and Seaforth, Estela and Adela Avenues to the east. Most houses from this period were of the "terraced" style, typically of six houses joined together, each with three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs and two living rooms and a kitchen downstairs. The area also attracted a number of playing fields at the this time . These remain and have given the area a large amount of green open space, they are listed in the playing fields section below.
In 1906 a Mr and Mrs Howlett moved into 138 Seaforth Avenue. They started up a Sunday School in their house for the children in the local area. Soon adults also began to attend these meetings and before long the numbers increased so that the house was full each Sunday. They started saving for a building in which they could meet. In 1925 "West Barnes Gospel Hall" in Seaforth Avenue, which later became the home of New Malden Evangelical Free Church, was opened.
On the corner of Douglas Avenue and Adela Avenue the Church of England built Holy Cross Church where the first service was held in 1908. Following its destruction during the Second World War a new building was erected on the site – the first post-war Church to be built in Southwark Diocese. Designed by architect Ralph Covell it was dedicated for worship in 1949. (The church hall burned down in the 1980s and has since been rebuilt.) The present Anglican parish of Motspur Park was only formed some years later in 1978 and serves all those who live or work in the area.
The country's first dual carriageway of its kind, being purpose built across greenfields, the Kingston Bypass (A3), was opened in 1926. Located just to the north of Motspur Park it formed a distinct northern boundary to the district. The major junction at Shannon Corner, which had a large Odeon cinema, was for years a significant landmark in south west London. The building of this road brought speculative house building on open land throughout its length and it stimulated the development of Motspur Park."
The principal developer who turned Motspur Park into a residential suburb between the world wars was Sidney Ernest Parkes a boat manufacturer and constructional engineer. His company, Modern Homes and Estates Ltd, was founded in 1924 and was responsible for many of the streets in the area including Phyllis Avenue and Arthur Road, named after his children; Byron Avenue, Tennyson Avenue and Marina Avenue. Wates were also active builders in the area in the inter war years, building to the west of the railway line.
In 1931 the part of the Hobbald(e)s Farm estate was acquired by the Urban District of Merton and Morden to become the Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields. One reason for their doing so was to perpetuate the name of local benefactor and ex-Mayor of Wimbledon, Sir Joseph Hood. The land was set out with a large pavilion, football and cricket pitches, tennis courts, bowling green, putting green and children's play areas. Part of the land is now being managed as a conservation and wildlife reserve.
The biggest local employer in the twentieth century was the Decca gramophone record company. In 1929 this was making up to 60,000 records a day at its factory in Burlington Road, New Malden. The company diversified during World War Two to make radar and the Decca Navigator System.
Other local employers from that era were, the Shannon typewriter company at Shannon Corner, and the Venner timeswitch company nearby, maker of Britain's first parking meters. Also close to Shannon Corner were Carter's Tested Seeds and Bradbury Wilkinson, a security printing company, maker of banknotes for many of the world's smaller countries. The modern Tesco hypermarket occupies the former Bradbury Wilkinson site.
The Motspur Park athletics stadium was built by the University of London in 1928. Sydney Charles Wooderson set the then world mile record of 4min 6.4sec at the sports ground on 28 August 1938. The stadium and ground are now owned by Fulham football club as their training camp.
World War II
During World War Two the University of London and BBC recreation club grounds were the sites of anti aircraft batteries. The BBC site was the home guard base. Around 30 high explosive bombs fell across the district between October 1940 and June 1941. A large community bomb shelter was built near the entrance to the Joseph Hood Playing Fields. In one incident a stick of bombs was aimed at the railway station by a German bomber but missed its target and destroyed houses in Marina Avenue (including the six odd-numbered houses from 63 to 73) and Claremont Avenue (166–168, and possibly 162–164, Claremont Avenue). The bomb landing in Claremont Avenue landed on a 21st birthday party at a house very near the station killing many at the party. On another occasion a bailed out German pilot landed on top of the gasometers but fell to his death.
On the morning of 3 July 1944, a V1 flying bomb came down close to No. 45 Motspur Park, the street that takes its name from the district. Seven houses were razed but no deaths were reported. Several other houses close to the explosion were badly damaged. The bomb sites became "a playground" for young children in the area until the houses were rebuilt by Kingston upon Thames council after the war.
Post war affluence saw many houses extended with loft conversions, conservatories and extensions. Front gardens became paved as private car parking spaces.
B&Q had a store owned a store next to West Barnes Library on the site of the Victorian Ivy House. (The Agip offices now occupy this site ). This store was rather small and when the Burlington Retail Park was built, B&Q sold the site and moved into a bigger property in New Malden.
In the 1970s to mid-1980s, there was a petrol station/garage in Motspur Park adjacent to the level crossing. It was built in the late '50s and sold FINA petrol. It was called Jackson's Garage, owned and run by people of Afro Caribbean descent (it was located on the site of what is now the Fulham Football Club office).
There were three newsagents/sweetshops/toyshops in the 1950s to 1970s – A.R. Waylett, Bromheads and the smaller 'Sweet Things and Things' which has now increased in size, the others being closed down. There was also a fishmonger (where a kebab shop now stands) an ironmonger (where the garage door sales shop now stands) three butchers, an RACS Co-op store and the original Motspur Park library, which was situated at 359 West Barnes Lane, on the corner of Station Road, in the property now occupied by Kami's gents hairdresser. An old fashioned dairy selling milk, butter and eggs occupied the Progress tuition centre's unit. The Midipharmacy unit has been a chemist since the shops were built in the 1930s, originally owned by a Mr Griffiths.
In the 1980s, a short-lived clothing store called 'Get Clobbered' was opened. There were once two banks in Motspur Park; a Lloyds' Bank situated near Motspur Park Food and Wine and a Midland Bank which was situated in the building adjacent to Kami's.
Ghassans store was opened in 1988 and has changed and grown in time to become the local convenience store Ecklee. The store is now three units wide with a Lebanese grill open a few shops down.
- Nigel Winterburn, football player
- George Clinton, musician
- The village was occasionally mentioned in the BBC comedy series Brush Strokes
- Caitlin Thomas, author and the widow of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas lived for a while in Arthur Road during the 70s.
Green belt planning restriction has allowed these fields to remain despite pressure from developers. The playing fields located at Motspur Park are:
- Fulham football club training ground, formerly the University of London Athletics ground. As an athletics track it served for scenes in films The Games (1970), Chariots of Fire (1981) and The Four Minute Mile (1988) (TV).
- The BBC F.C. sports club ground
- The King's College School sports ground
- The Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields, home of Motspur Park football club
- The Old Blues rugby club playing field
- The Tenison's School playing field
- Plus one other minor ground.
The former BBC sports ground – which is opposite Fulham F.C's training ground – occasionally featured in BBC comedy series such as The Two Ronnies and Monty Python's Flying Circus. The grounds and buildings were sold by the BBC in the late 1990s and became a private members' club before closing permanently after a devastating fire in 2004.
- For education in the Kingston portion of Motspur Park see the main Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames article.
- Jowett, Evelyn M. An Illustrated History of Merton and Morden Published Merton and Mordon Festival of Britain Local Committee (1951)
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Merton Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- UK Running Track Directory Motspur Park, University of London Track. Retrieved December 2006.
- Old maps Coords =521946 N , 167131 W. Retrieved Oct 2012
- View up the line from Motspur Park station Photo and Notes by Ian Yarham, 19 September 2012
- http://www.old-maps.co.uk/oldmaps/index_external.jsp?easting=522581&northing=167660[permanent dead link] old-maps.co.uk
- You, A Church Near. "Motspur Park, Holy Cross, Motspur Park". A Church Near You. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- Motspur Park Holy Cross[permanent dead link] Description – The Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved December 2006
- Tarmac – Our history Archived 29 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. "In 1925 – 1926 the road fund report showed that 190 miles of arterial roads had been completed including the Kingston by pass – the first dual carriageway of its kind.
- Building a Suburb Part 2 by John Tarling, raynes Park Residents Association, 1999.
- Malden Blitz 1940 Anthony L Williams recolections at Malden Blitz , 1999.
- JISC., University of Portsmouth, in collaboration with the National Archives and funded by. "Bomb Sight – Mapping the London Blitz". Bomb Sight. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields A report for London Borough of Merton December 2006. Written by Alan Scott BSc. MSc. MIEEM. CEnv. Contains a study of the local wildlife and a local history.
- Raynes Park and West Barnes Residents' Association Links to many resources on local history.
- Potted History of New Malden Evangelical Free Church. Retrieved August 2007.
- MotspurPark.info, a community website launched in May 2010 with What's On, news and features for the area
- Friends of Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Field
- A map of the Motspur Park area in 1871[permanent dead link]
- Motspur Park blog