The island is inhabited by about 2000 Fijians living in 10 villages: Daku, Naicabecabe, Nasauvuki, Nasesara, Navuti, Niubasaga, Savuna, Uluibau, Yanuca and Wawa.
Moturiki is of great archaeological interest. Important discoveries include the earliest Lapita sites of Fiji as well as the oldest human skeleton found in Fiji (dating about 3000 years).
The villages on Moturiki have faced on-going disease outbreaks, including Typhoid fever, primarily due to the lack of safe drinking water. At points, this has required the large-scale delivery of clean water by boat and then manually distributed by vehicles and carts.
- "Fiji typhoid outbreak reported on Moturiki Island". Outbreak News Today. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Siteri Vakaema (19 September 2018). "Ministry of Rural and Maritime Development continues to work with WAF in water carting exercise in rural and maritime areas". FijiVillage. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
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