Moudge-class frigate

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Moudge-class frigate
Iranian Velayat-90 Naval Exercise by IRIN (6).jpg
Jamaran, lead ship of the class
Class overview
Name: Moudge
Builders:
Operators:  Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Preceded by: Alvand class
Built: 2001–present
In service: 2010–present
Planned: 7
Building: 4
Completed: 3
Active: 2
Lost: 1 (under repair)
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 1,500 tonnes [1]
Length: 95 m (311.7 ft) [1]
Beam: 11.1 m (36.4 ft) [1]
Draught: 3.25 m (10.7 ft) [1]
Propulsion:
  • 2 × 10,000 hp (7,500 kW) engines
  • 4 × 740 hp (550 kW) diesel generators[2]
Speed: 30 knots (55.6 km/h) [2]
Complement: 140
Armament:
  • 4 × Noor or Qader anti-ship missiles
  • 1 × 76 mm Fajr-27 naval gun
  • 1 × 40 mm Fath-40 AAA
  • 2 × 20 mm cannons Oerlikon
  • 4 × Mehrab Missiles reverse engineering of SM-1 SAM or Raad Missiles
  • 2 × triple 324 mm torpedoes
  • 2 × 12.7 mm heavy machine guns
Aircraft carried: 1 x Bell 214 ASW helicopter
Aviation facilities: Helicopter landing pad

The Moudge or Mowj (Persian: موج‎, lit. 'wave') is a class of domestically-produced Iranian light frigates.

History[edit]

A Moudge-class ship was first reported to be under construction in 2001.[3] Warship International wrote in 2008 that four ships of this class were under construction: Mowj (376) launched on 22 February 2007, Jamaran (377) launched on 28 November 2007, as well as Azarakhsh (378) and Tondar (379).[4]

The first ship, Jamaran is said to be completed and is stationed in the port of Bandar Abbas. Damavand is the second ship in this class.[5] According to OSGEOINT, Damavand was constructed at the Shahid Tamjidi Marine Industries (STMI) fabrication shop on the Caspian Sea at Bandar-e Anzali.[6] The frigate was launched in March 2013.[7]

Damavand, based out of Bandar-Anzali on the Caspian Sea, ran aground on a concrete breakwater in the vicinity of its home port on 10 January 2018. It is believed probable that the incident was the result of navigational error, affected by a strong storm in the area which creating high wave heights and low visibility in the area. During the incident six members of the ship's crew fell overboard. Four of those crew members were later rescued, two were considered missing by media sources. The Iranian Navy declined to confirm the reporting. There has been little information released in reference to the cause of the grounding, with exception to statements of wave height and visibility caused by the storm at the time of the grounding.

Damavand is currently listed as actively commissioned. Photos from 2018 show that the ship's hull has broken apart from near the waterline approximately at the near the start of the ships aircraft deck.[8]

Future units of the Modge class are set to be equipped with the Sayyad-2[9] anti-aircraft missiles.[10]

Classification[edit]

Sources differ in specifying the type of the class, either as light frigate or corvette.[11]

Jane's Fighting Ships classifies the class as FFG of frigate[12] while the Military Balance of the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS), designates the ships in the class as FSGM or corvette.[13]

Ships in the class[edit]

Ship Pennant
number
Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Jamaran 76 Naval Factories, Bandar Abbas 2001[14] or 2004[12] 28 November 2007[15] 19 February 2010[12] In active service
Damavand 77 Shahid Tamjidi, Bandar Anzali 2009[12] 28 November 2007[16] 9 March 2015[17] Sunk, under reconstruction
Sahand 74 Naval Factories, Bandar Abbas 2010[12] 18 September 2012[18] 1 December 2018[19] In active service
Dena TBA Shahid Darvishi, Bandar Abbas Unknown Unknown Unknown Under construction[20]
Shiraz TBA Naval Factories, Bandar Abbas Unknown Unknown Unknown Under construction[20]
Taftan TBA Shahid Darvishi, Bandar Abbas Unknown Unknown Unknown Under construction[20]
TBA TBA Shahid Tamjidi, Bandar Anzali Unknown Unknown Unknown Under construction

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Jamaran frigate". Defense Industries Organization. Archived from the original on July 17, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "Modge frigate". Defense Industries Organization. Archived from the original on July 17, 2007.
  3. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (2001), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 38 (4): 346, JSTOR 44895663
  4. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (2008), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 45 (1): 13, JSTOR 44895054
  5. ^ "Destroyer production line inaugurated in Iran (Wave II)". Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA). 23 February 2007. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012.
  6. ^ "The Second Moje Class Frigate at Shahid Tamjidi Marine Industries". OSGEOINT. 26 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Iran launches indigenous Jamaran 2 destroyer in Caspian Sea". PressTV. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2018-01-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Iran launches mass production of new surface-to-air missiles". RT.com. 9 November 2013. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Iran Mulling Change in Sayyad Missiles to Mount It on Mowj-Class Vessels". Fars News Agency. 27 January 2014. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  11. ^ Cordesman, Anthony (2016), "The Gulf: How Dangerous is Iran to International Maritime Security?", in Krause, Joachim; Bruns, Sebastian (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Naval Strategy and Security, Routledge, p. 107, ISBN 9781138840935
  12. ^ a b c d e Saunders, Stephen; Philpott, Tom, eds. (2015), "Iran", IHS Jane's Fighting Ships 2015–2016, Jane's Fighting Ships (116th Revised ed.), Coulsdon: IHS Jane's, p. 385, ISBN 9780710631435, OCLC 919022075
  13. ^ The International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) (2020). "Middle East and North Africa". The Military Balance 2020. 120. Routledge. p. 350. doi:10.1080/04597222.2020.1707968. ISBN 9780367466398.
  14. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (2001), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 38 (4): 346, JSTOR 44895663
  15. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (2007), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 44 (3): 227, JSTOR 44895166
  16. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (2008), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 45 (1): 13, JSTOR 44895054
  17. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (September 2015), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 52 (3): 188, JSTOR 44894486
  18. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. (March 2013), "Naval Intelligence", Warship International, International Naval Research Organization, 50 (1): 14, JSTOR 44893820
  19. ^ Heavens, Louise, ed. (1 December 2018), "Iran navy launches stealth warship in the Gulf", Reuters
  20. ^ a b c "Iranian navy building 3 new destroyers: Sayyari", Mehr News Agency, 27 September 2019, 150535, retrieved 15 July 2020