Moulouya River

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Moulouya River
Moulouya Marocco.jpg
View of the mouth of the Moulouya
Moulouya.png
Course of the Moulouya River [1]
Native nameIɣẓer en Melwect
وادي ملوية
Location
CountryMorocco
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationJbel Ayachi
 ⁃ elevation3,700 m (12,100 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Mediterranean Sea near Saïdia
 ⁃ coordinates
35°07′22″N 2°20′12″W / 35.1228°N 2.3367°W / 35.1228; -2.3367Coordinates: 35°07′22″N 2°20′12″W / 35.1228°N 2.3367°W / 35.1228; -2.3367
 ⁃ elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length520 km (323 mi)
Basin features
ProgressionMiddle Atlas - Hassan II Dam - Mohamed V Dam - Mediterranean Sea
Official nameEmbouchure de la Moulouya
Designated15 January 2005
Reference no.1478[1]

The Moulouya River (Berber: iɣẓer en Melwect, Arabic: وادي ملوية‎) is a 520 km-long river in Morocco. Its sources are located in the Ayashi mountain in the Middle Atlas.[2] It empties into the Mediterranean Sea near Saïdia, in northeast Morocco at about 35°07′22″N 2°20′12″W / 35.1228°N 2.3367°W / 35.1228; -2.3367.

Water level in the river often fluctuates. The river is used for irrigation and is dammed by the Hassan II and Mohamed V Dams.

History[edit]

The Romans called this river Malva. The Moulouya River formed the eastern border of the Rif Republic in the 1920s, a small part of Morocco containing important cities like Saïdia and Oujda lying to the east, between the Moulouya and the border with Algeria. Until 1956 the river also formed the eastern border of the Spanish Protectorate of Morocco.

Ecology[edit]

In August 2011 fish were killed by pollutants in the Moulouya River and local residents feared for their crops and livestock.[3]

Fish killed by pollutants fill the Moulouya River in August 2011.
Flamingoes in the Moulouya.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Embouchure de la Moulouya". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ M. Peyron, « ‘Ayyachi, Jbel », Encyclopédie berbère, vol.8, Edisud 1990, p.1200-1204
  3. ^ Magharebia - Ecological disaster mars Morocco's Moulouya River

External links[edit]