Moulouya River

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Moulouya River
Moulouya Marocco.jpg
View of the mouth of the Moulouya
Native name وادي ملوية
Country Morocco
Basin features
Main source Jbel Ayachi
3,700 m (12,100 ft)
River mouth Mediterranean Sea near Saïdia
0 m (0 ft)
35°07′22″N 2°20′12″W / 35.1228°N 2.3367°W / 35.1228; -2.3367Coordinates: 35°07′22″N 2°20′12″W / 35.1228°N 2.3367°W / 35.1228; -2.3367
Progression Middle Atlas - Hassan II Dam - Mohamed V Dam - Mediterranean Sea
Physical characteristics
Length 520 km (320 mi)

The Moulouya River (Wadi Muluya, Arabic: وادي ملوية‎‎) is a 520 km-long river in Morocco. Its sources are located in the Jbel Ayachi in the Middle Atlas.[1] It empties into the Mediterranean Sea near Saïdia, in northeast Morocco at about 35°07′22″N 2°20′12″W / 35.1228°N 2.3367°W / 35.1228; -2.3367.

Water level in the river often fluctuates. The river is used for irrigation and is dammed by the Hassan II and Mohamed V Dams.

History[edit]

The Romans called this river Malva. The Moulouya River formed the eastern border of the Rif Republic in the 1920s, a small part of Morocco containing important cities like Saïdia and Oujda lying to the east, between the Moulouya and the border with Algeria. Until 1956 the river also formed the eastern border of the Spanish Protectorate of Morocco.

Ecology[edit]

In August 2011 fish were killed by pollutants in the Moulouya River and local residents feared for their crops and livestock.[2]

Fish killed by pollutants fill the Moulouya River in August 2011.
Flamingoes in the Moulouya.

References[edit]

  1. ^ M. Peyron, « ‘Ayyachi, Jbel », Encyclopédie berbère, vol.8, Edisud 1990, p.1200-1204
  2. ^ Magharebia - Ecological disaster mars Morocco's Moulouya River

External links[edit]