Aerial view of Mound Laboratories
Mound Laboratories in Miamisburg, Ohio was an Atomic Energy Commission (later Department of Energy) facility for nuclear weapon research during the Cold War, named after the nearby Miami Indian burial mound.
Post-war construction of a permanent site for Dayton Project activities began in 1947. The lab was originally known as the Dayton Engineer Works. The lab began operations in 1948 and was managed by Monsanto. Mound produced detonators, cable assemblies, timers, firing sets, and other equipment. In 1954 Mound began working with tritium. The lab disassembled bomb components, recovering the tritium within and sending it for repurification at Savannah River Site. Mound supplied enriched non-radioactive isotopes. The lab also produced plutonium-238-powered thermoelectric heat sources called SNAP or Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power for the U.S. space program.
Mound was declared a Superfund site and was put on the National Priorities list in 1989. In[clarification needed] a decision was made to close the plant by 2006. Clean-up of the site began in 1995. Work with tritium ended in 1997. Cleanup of the site finished in 2010.[needs update]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mound Facility.|
- Thomas B. Cochran, William M. Arkin, Robert S. Norris and Milton M. Hoenig of the National Resources Defense Council. Nuclear Weapons Databook Series Volume III: U.S. Nuclear Warhead Facility Profiles. 1987. pp. 59–61
- Radioactive Waste Management Associates on behalf of Alliance for Nuclear Accountability. Danger Lurks Below: The Threat to Major Water Supplies from US Department of Energy Nuclear Weapons Plants, Chapter 8: Mound Facility 2004.
- Video of panel discussion with former Mound Laboratory employees Voices of the Manhattan Project