Mount Trusmadi

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Mount Trusmadi
Mount Trusmadi is located in Malaysia
Mount Trusmadi
Mount Trusmadi
Map showing location of Mount Trusmadi within Malaysia.
Highest point
Elevation2,642 m (8,668 ft)
ListingSpesial Ribu
Coordinates5°33′N 116°31′E / 5.550°N 116.517°E / 5.550; 116.517Coordinates: 5°33′N 116°31′E / 5.550°N 116.517°E / 5.550; 116.517
Naming
Native nameGunung Trusmadi
Geography
LocationInterior Division, Sabah, Malaysia
Parent rangeTrusmadi Range

Mount Trusmadi or Trus Madi (Malay: Gunung Trusmadi) is a mountain located at the Interior Division of Sabah, Malaysia. It is considered as the second highest mountain in both Sabah and Malaysia at 2,642 metres (8,668 ft),[1][2] after Mount Kinabalu with the mountain offer a tougher climbing challenge than the latter.[3]

Geology

The mountain geology comprises tertiary formation of mudstone, shale and argillite with subordinate beds of quartzite, sandstone, siltstone and limestone breccias.[4]

Biodiversity

The mountain area is located within the Trusmadi Forest Reserve where it supports a wide range of unique flora and fauna, including Nepenthes macrophylla, a species of pitcher plant.[5][6][7][8] The natural hybrid Nepenthes × trusmadiensis is named after the mountain.[9][10] In 1999, a small-scale expedition on the mountain biodiversity was conducted through a collaboration between Sabah Museum and Louisiana State University Museum of Natural Science with various bird species are found within the area.[11][12]

Features

It is one of Sabah's ecotourism and mountain climbing destination.[8][13][14][15] There are three climbing trails towards the mountain summit, namely from Wayaan Kaingaran (Tambunan), Wayaan Mastan (Keningau) and Wayaan Mannan (Sinua, Sook, Keningau).[16] Both Wayaan Kaingaran and Mastan is accessible only with 4WD while Wayaan Mannan has a good access road.[2][3]

References

  1. ^ George Argent; Anthony Lamb; Anthea Phillipps (2007). The Rhododendrons of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo). ISBN 978-983-812-111-8.
  2. ^ a b Sam Mannan (1 December 2014). "Notice to the Public: Climbing Mount Trusmadi, the Second Highest Mountain in Malaysia" (PDF) (Press release). Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Trus Madi". Sabah Tourism. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  4. ^ Jumaat H. Adam (2001). "Changes in Forest Community Structures of Tropical Montane Rain Forest on the slope of Mt. Trus Madi in Sabah, Malaysia" (PDF). Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 13 (1): 78 [3/17]. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2019 – via Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources.
  5. ^ Johannes Marabini (1984). "A Field Trip to Gunong Trusmadi" (PDF). Carnivorous Plant Newsletter. 13 (2): 38–40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2019.
  6. ^ Kanehiro Kitayama; Julius Kulip; Jamili Nais; Alim Biun (1993). "Vegetation Survey on Mount Trus Madi, Borneo a Prospective New Mountain Park". Mountain Research and Development, International Mountain Society. 13 (1): 99–105. doi:10.2307/3673647. JSTOR 3673647.
  7. ^ Bourke, G. 2007. Exploring the upper reaches of Gunung Trus Madi. Carniflora Australis (9): 9–16.
  8. ^ a b "Site Conservation Context of Forest Management Unit (FMU 10)" (PDF). Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia. p. 131. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2019.
  9. ^ J. Marabini (1983). "Eine neue Nepenthes-Hybride aus Borneo" [A new Nepenthes-hybrid from Borneo] (in German). 19: 449–452 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Briggs, J.G.R. 1984. The discovery of Nepenthes × trusmadiensis—an impressive new pitcher-plant. Malaysian Naturalist 38 (2): 13–15, 18–19.
  11. ^ Robert G. Moyle; Anna Wong (2002). "The Lower Montane Avifauna of Mt. Trus Madi" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 50 (1): 200 [2/6]. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2019 – via Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore.
  12. ^ "Birds". Sabah Education Department. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  13. ^ Lee Yu Kit (2 October 2010). "Time to climb Sabah's Trusmadi". The Star. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  14. ^ Lorena Binisol (14 March 2015). "Climbing Mt Trusmadi, conquering life challenges". Daily Express. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Conquering Mt Trusmadi". New Straits Times. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via PressReader.
  16. ^ "Wayaan". FMU 10 Conservation Area. Sabah Forestry Department, Malaysia. Archived from the original on 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.