Mount Airy, Maryland

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Mount Airy, Maryland
Mount Airy, Maryland
Main Street in Mt. Airy
Main Street in Mt. Airy
Location of Mount Airy, Maryland shown in Frederick County
Location of Mount Airy, Maryland shown in Frederick County
Coordinates: 39°22′29″N 77°9′20″W / 39.37472°N 77.15556°W / 39.37472; -77.15556Coordinates: 39°22′29″N 77°9′20″W / 39.37472°N 77.15556°W / 39.37472; -77.15556
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
Counties Frederick
 • Type Mayor-Concil
 • Total 4.13 sq mi (10.70 km2)
 • Land 4.12 sq mi (10.67 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 781 ft (238 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 9,288
 • Estimate (2014[3]) 9,668
 • Density 2,254.4/sq mi (870.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21771
Area code(s) 240 and 301 [4]
FIPS code 24-53875
GNIS feature ID 0585976

Mount Airy is a city located in Carroll and Frederick counties in the U.S. state of Maryland. It is part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area and Baltimore Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 9,288.[5]

Outside of the city limits, the surrounding community is colloquially referred to as Mount Airy or the "Four-County Area" by locals. The "Four-County Area" derives its name from the fact that the community encompasses portions of Frederick, Carroll, Montgomery, and Howard counties.


Mt. Airy was established in 1830 and continued to develop throughout the decade, beginning with the construction of house settlements along Parr's Ridge. A man named Henry Bussard built the first of these houses. The city was known for its train station on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) at Parr's Ridge. The railroad ran from Baltimore to Frederick, cities to the east and west, respectively, of Mt. Airy. Following 1830, the city received its official name after the suggestion of "Mount Airy" from an Irish B&O worker who complained about his freezing ears on a windy work day.[citation needed] Over the years, milling, canning and sewing industries initially helped support Mt. Airy's economy.

The city's proximity to the National Road contributed to its growth. The National Road ran west from Baltimore to Illinois. By the 1890s, the city's growth had increased significantly and three new churches were built (one Episcopal and two Methodist), along with a very important bridge, still standing and known by residents as the Twin Arch, that helped with railroad transportation. Four great fires (1903, 1914,1925 and more recently 2007) burned though the downtown district, but the city rebuilt every time.

The Mount Airy Historic District that includes the railroad station was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.[6]

Currently, Mt. Airy is no longer economically dependent on the railroad, as citizens work a variety of different jobs. Many of its citizens work in Washington, DC or Baltimore; the city is a part of both of those cities' metropolitan areas. Mt. Airy is a neighborhood community for these job centers. Mt. Airy is similar to back in the day with the national road but now with Interstate 70 bordering the southern end of the city with an interchange with MD-27. In the last few decades Mount Airy has had a lot of growth with the city which was part of the Residential project of the Mount Airy Master Plan from the 1994 to 2003 update. In 2007 President George W. Bush made a speech in Mount Airy.


Mount Airy is home to three schools. The first, Mount Airy Elementary was built and occupied in 1935, Mount Airy Elementary School has had rooms and additions added through the years. In the mid-80's, the school received major renovations that are reflected in its current appearance both inside and out. The school maintains the charm of its history and incorporates modern technology to enhance the learning environment, including a natural gas-fired heating system, school-wide air conditioning, and Internet access from the classrooms and computer lab.

Another Elementary school, Parr's Ridge Elementary, was built in 2005 due to serious overcrowding at Mount Airy Elementary. Parr's takes students grades K-2 while Mount Airy takes students grades 3-5. The final school, Mount Airy Middle School, was originally built in 1956 as a high school. The 3 level, 16 classroom building with auditorium, gymnasium, library, cafeteria, industrial arts and vocational agricultural shops, locker rooms, lavatories and offices opened in September 1957. In 1966, after the completion of South Carroll High School, the Mt. Airy School became Mt. Airy Middle School.

During the 1999-2000 school year, Mt. Airy Middle School was named an Honorable Mention School in the Maryland Blue Ribbon School Program. This program identifies school of excellence in the areas of academic achievement, curricular excellence, significant parent and community involvement, and continuous staff development and growth. In September 2001, Mt. Airy Middle School became the first middle school in Carroll County to earn Blue Ribbon Status.

Due to serious overcrowding in Mt. Airy Elementary School, it was determined that a new elementary school would be built in Watkins Park. Until the completion of the new school, the 5th grade would move to the middle school. With the start of the 2002-03 school year, the 5th grade moved into portables behind the middle school. Parr's Ridge Elementary school opened in September 2005 and Mt. Airy Middle School converted back to grades 6th, 7th and 8th.

Community members and staff advocated for the construction of a new facility to meet the needs of our students, due to serious overcrowding conditions at Mt. Airy Middle. During the 2009-10 school year, a planning committee was established to review conceptual designs for a potential replacement middle school.

In July 2011, ground was broken for the construction of the new Mt. Airy Middle School. Students and staff enjoyed watching the new building grow out of the ground and anxiously anticipated moving into the new building. Plans were made during the 2012-13 school year to move to the new building during spring break. As a result of damage that occurred during Hurricane Sandy in the Fall of 2012, moving to the school was postponed.

In June 2013, the final chapter of the old building was written, as the 8th grade farewell was held for the last time in the school. Within two weeks of the end of the school year, the move was complete to the new building. Demolition of the old building began at the end of June to make room for the bus loop of the new school. Students, parents, staff and community members enjoyed open house tours of the new school in August 2013.


Mt. Airy is similar to the location of Westminster,MD being up on Parr's Ridge. Parr's Ridge separates 2 watersheds which both eventually flow into the Chesapeake Bay. The Ridge is in the Piedmont Region which include big hills ranging from 600 to 1200 feet above sea level. In the city limits there are 4.13 square miles with 4.12 sq miles being land and 0.01 sq miles being water.


Mount Airy is similar to Westminster in its position astride Parrs Ridge, and has a humid, temperate climate with four rather well defined seasons. The general atmospheric flow is from west to east but alternate surges of cold air from the north and of warm humid air from the south occurs in the area, causing highly variable weather. Nearness to the Atlantic Coast allows coastal storms to make up any deficiency of precipitation resulting from the passage of weather systems over the mountains to the west. The average annual temperature is approximately 54 degrees, with January generally the coldest month and July the warmest. Temperatures exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit an average of 27 days a year. The Town of Mount Airy is in the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 7a for an annual extreme minimum temperature of 0-5 degrees Fahrenheit. The average annual precipitation totals about 45 inches, with February the driest and August the wettest month. During the growing season, which averages about 177 days from April through September, the last part of July through the first part of August is the driest. The average seasonal snowfall is 28 inches. 1 The monthly precipitation is about even all year compared to climates elsewhere. The wettest month is a result from storm events which tend to be spotty and quick. Conversely, precipitation in spring is more even with many small events.

Climate data for Mount Airy, Maryland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
Average high °F (°C) 40
Average low °F (°C) 20
Record low °F (°C) −22
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.37
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.8
Source: The Weather Channel[7]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 91
1900 332
1910 428 28.9%
1920 754 76.2%
1930 860 14.1%
1940 791 −8.0%
1950 1,061 34.1%
1960 1,352 27.4%
1970 1,825 35.0%
1980 2,450 34.2%
1990 3,730 52.2%
2000 6,425 72.3%
2010 9,288 44.6%
Est. 2014 9,668 [8] 4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,288 people, 3,107 households, and 2,453 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,254.4 inhabitants per square mile (870.4/km2). There were 3,225 housing units at an average density of 782.8 per square mile (302.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.1% White, 2.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population.

There were 3,107 households of which 50.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.0% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.36.

The median age in the city was 36.1 years. 32% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 8.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 6,425 people, 2,123 households, and 1,717 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,678.5 people per square mile (647.7/km²). There were 2,179 housing units at an average density of 569.3 per square mile (219.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.71% White, 2.58% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

There were 2,123 households out of which 51.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 37.1% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,967, and the median income for a family was $76,214. Males had a median income of $52,177 versus $35,054 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,380. About 2.0% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]


External links[edit]