Mount Airy Forest
Mt Airy Forest
Tree house in Mt. Airy Forest
|Location||5083 Colerain Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio|
|Area||1,471 acres (595 ha)|
|MPS||Historic Resources of the Cincinnati Park and Parkway System (1817-1959)|
|NRHP Reference #||10000191|
|Added to NRHP||April 13, 2010|
The Mount Airy Forest, in Cincinnati, Ohio, was established in 1911. It was one of the earliest, if not the first, urban reforestation project in the United States. With nearly 1,500 acres (6.1 km2), it's the largest park in Cincinnati's park system.
The originally forested land was cleared for agricultural use in the 19th century, but years of poor grazing and agricultural practices led to severe erosion and poor soil composition. As quoted in a 1914 Cincinnati Times-Star editorial, a farmer facetiously remarked that his farm (in Westwood) "was a good one when he first took it up but that since he had cleared off all the trees it had slid down the creek and was to be found somewhere in the neighborhood of New Orleans."
According to the National Park Service:
Established in 1911, the Mount Airy Forest covers an impressive 1459 acres and includes natural areas, planned landscapes, buildings, structures, and landscape features. The numerous hiking trails, bridle paths, walls, gardens, pedestrian bridges, and various other improvements within Mount Airy Forest reflect the ambitious park planning and development that took place in Cincinnati in the early-to-mid-20th century. Conceived as the nation’s first urban reforestation project, the park has developed over the years—especially during the Depression and post-World War II period- into a park with a variety of areas, spaces and structures designed to accommodate recreational, social, and educational activities. Today it continues to offer a large expanse of protected land within the city limits where the public can enjoy the richness and diversity of nature.
In the largest reforestation program undertaken by a city seen until that time, the barren land was restored to a park largely in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The rustic CCC structures are still standing and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The park now includes 700 acres of reforested hardwoods, 200 acres of forested evergreens, 269 acres of wetlands, 170 acres of meadows, and a 120-acre arboretum.
The park was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on April 13, 2010. The listing was announced as the featured listing in the National Park Service's weekly list of April 23, 2010.
- "Announcements and actions on properties for the National Register of Historic Places for April 23, 2010". Weekly Listings. National Park Service. April 23, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- Nancy Recchie (May 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Mount Airy Forest" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-05-11. (72 pages, with maps and historic and modern photos)
- Smith, Steve; et al. (2007). "Major Parks". Cincinnati USA City Guide. Cincinnati Magazine. p. 19. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "Mt. Airy Forest". Mount Airy Town Council.
- "Weekly Highlight 04/23/2010 Mount Airy Forest, Hamilton County, Ohio".
- Pender, Linda (Jul 1983). "Pick a Park, Pack Up and Go". Cincinnati Magazine Jul 1983. p. 65. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- "Mount Airy Forest". City Beat. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
- "Weekly List Actions". National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- Doane, Kathleen (May 2002). "Our Glorious Parks". Cincinnati Magazine. p. 52. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- Burwinkel, Beth (1 January 2005). A Bark in the Park: The 44 Best Places to Hike with Your Dog in the Cincinnati Region. Cruden Bay Books. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-9744083-6-1.