Mount Angel Abbey

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Mount Angel Abbey
Mt. Angel Abbey (Marion County, Oregon scenic images) (marDA0213).jpg
Mount Angel Abbey is located in Oregon
Mount Angel Abbey
Location within Oregon
Mount Angel Abbey is located in the United States
Mount Angel Abbey
Mount Angel Abbey (the United States)
Monastery information
OrderBenedictine
EstablishedOctober 30, 1882
Mother houseEngelberg Abbey
DioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon
AbbotThe Right Rev. Jeremy Driscoll, O.S.B.
PriorRev. Vincent Trujillo, O.S.B.
ArchbishopThe Most Rev. Alexander Sample
Site
Coordinates45°03′25″N 122°46′28″W / 45.056971°N 122.774459°W / 45.056971; -122.774459Coordinates: 45°03′25″N 122°46′28″W / 45.056971°N 122.774459°W / 45.056971; -122.774459
Websitewww.mountangelabbey.org

Mount Angel Abbey is a Roman Catholic monastery of Benedictine monks in St. Benedict, Oregon, United States. It was established in 1882 from Engelberg Abbey, Switzerland. The abbey, located on the top of Mount Angel, a 485-foot-high butte (148 m),[1] has its own post office separate from the city of Mt. Angel. As of 2020, the abbey is home to approximately 49 monks.[2]

History[edit]

1882–1903: Establishment[edit]

Mount Angel Abbey was founded on October 30, 1882[3] by Benedictine monks who immigrated to the United States from Engelberg, Switzerland, who found the abbey's landscape to be similar to that which they had left in the Swiss Alps. It was conceived by Father Adelhelm Odermatt, a monk of Engelberg Abbey working in Missouri. Five years after the abbey's foundation in 1882, the monks opened their school in 1887 under the name of Mount Angel College.[3] In 1889, at the request of Archbishop William Gross of Oregon City, the monks established a seminary in conjunction with their college.[3]

1904–Present: Expansion[edit]

In 1904, the community was officially declared an abbey, which meant that it became independent from its motherhouse in Switzerland.[3] Father Thomas Meienhofer, also a native of Switzerland, was elected the first abbot.[4] In 1926, a second fire in the abbey's history destroyed its monastery, forcing the community into private homes and the nearby parish school and rectory.[4] The monks began rebuilding, and in 1930 erected Aquinas Hall, and a gymnasium in 1936.[4] In 1939, the Abbey's first daughterhouse, Westminster Abbey, was established in Vancouver, British Columbia.[3] In 1946, the college was shut down so that the Abbey could focus on its seminary and boys' preparatory school. In 1959, a retreat house was constructed on the property to serve the spiritual needs of laypeople.[3] In the early 1950s, the monastery became one of approximately 900 locations that would serve as emergency hospitals in the event of a nuclear war.[5]

In 1965, two new monasteries were started from Mount Angel Abbey: Ascension Priory in Idaho, and Our Lady of the Angels Priory in Cuernavaca, Mexico.[4] In 1980, Father Bonaventure Zerr was elected as the seventh abbot, establishing a new library for not only seminarians, but for the use of scholarly research.[4] The library at the abbey was designed by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto. Though the seminary has historically been the central focus of the abbey, it has also become open to non-seminarians seeking degrees in philosophy and theology. In the 1970s, the Abbey community had a total of 125 monks living on the grounds, making it one of the largest Benedictine male communities in the United States.[3]

Abbots[edit]

The abbey's abbots since 1904 are as follows.[6]

  • 1904-1910 Thomas Aquinas Meienhofer
  • 1910-1921 Placidus Fuerst
  • 1921-1934 Bernard Murphy
  • 1934-1950 Thomas Aquinas Meier
  • 1950-1974 Damian Jentges
  • 1974-1980 Anselm Galvin
  • 1980-1988 Bonaventure Zerr
  • 1988-1997 Peter Eberle
  • 1997-2001 Joseph Wood
  • 2001-2009 Nathan Zodrow
  • 2009-2016 Gregory Duerr
  • 2016-present Jeremy Driscoll

Seminary and School of Theology[edit]

Mount Angel Seminary, which was originally part of the now closed Mount Angel College, serves numerous western dioceses and has approximately 170 students.[7] The college was originally composed of seven schools, but as the college turned its focus toward the seminary, the two remaining schools are the liberal arts college and the Graduate School of Theology.[3] The Seminary's main church has a tower that contains the largest free-swinging bells on the west coast.[8] In 2006, a new seminary building received a Best Sustainable Award for Oregon and Washington.[3] The following year, to commemorate the abbey's 125th anniversary, a new bell tower was erected.[3]

The seminary has undergraduate and graduate programs. The undergraduate program is devoted towards a bachelor's degree in philosophy. The four-year liberal arts curriculum, leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree, may be completed with a major in Philosophy, a double major in Philosophy and Literature, or a double major in Philosophy and Religious Studies. The seminary offers degrees to both lay students and those studying for the priesthood. The Graduate School of Theology offers MDiv, MA (Theology), STB, and DMin degree programs.[9][10]

Library[edit]

The Mount Angel Library was designed by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, built in 1970, and renovated in 1980.[11][12][13] The library is used by both seminary students and theology students and contains 240,000 physical volumes and 100,000 electronic volumes (30% religion, 10% philosophy, and 60% history, art, music, and more), offering the largest theology collection in the Northwest United States.[14] In addition to a wide range of books, the library also has an archive of medieval manuscripts dating back to the 12th century. The library has digitized multiple manuscripts, many from England, France, and Italy, through the Ethiopic Manuscripts Digitization Project.[15]

Museum[edit]

The Mount Angel Abbey Museum is a collection of assorted artifacts, including mounted animal dioramas, rocks and minerals, serendipitous objects, antique liturgical vestments and religious items, and American Civil War memorabilia. The museum is also known for containing certain distinctive 'Americana' items: the largest pig hairball in the world, as well as housing a collection of deformed cows.[16][17]

Benedictine Brewery[edit]

In 2018, the third monastic brewery in the United States[18] opened at the Abbey. Brewing is common among Trappists, but is also part of the Benedictine tradition—which is the order that occupies the Mount Angel Abbey, a 350-acre monastery secluded on a wooded butte above the small farming town of Mount Angel. Abbey monks are now brewing beer as part of a six-year project helmed by Father Martin and his understudy, Father Jacob, with guidance from beer writers Jeff Alworth and Stan Hieronymus.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 836. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
  2. ^ "2021 Summary of the Congregation" (PDF).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Drnjevic, Cyril. "Mt. Angel Abbey". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Abbey History". Mount Angel Abbey. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
  5. ^ Graf, Garrett M. (2017). Raven Rock: The Story of the U.S. Government's Secret Plan to Save Itself - While the Rest of Us Die. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781476735405.
  6. ^ "The Swiss-American Benedictine Congregation Catalog 2021" (PDF).
  7. ^ Morris-Young, Dan (January 28, 2019). "Catholic abuse scandal galvanizes Mount Angel seminarians' resolve". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  8. ^ "Hilltop Walking Tour". Mount Angel Abbey. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  9. ^ "Mount Angel Seminary". ats.edu. The Association of Theological Schools. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  10. ^ "Mount Angel Seminary Academic Catalogue" (PDF). mountangelabbey.org. Mount Angel Seminary. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  11. ^ "Mount Angel Library". Great Buildings. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  12. ^ "Aalto's Second American Building: An Abbey Library for a Hillside in Oregon". Architectural Record, 149: 11-116. May 1971.
  13. ^ Finrow, Gunilla (September 1980). "Natural Light, Form and Material: The Library at Mount Angel Abbey by Alvar Aalto". Journal of Interior Design, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp. 22-32.
  14. ^ "The Abbey Library". abbeyfoundationoregon. Abbey Foundation of Oregon. 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  15. ^ "Medieval Books and Manuscripts". Mt. Angel Abbey. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  16. ^ "St. Benedict Abbey Museum in Mount Angel, Oregon". This Belongs in a Museum. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  17. ^ "Mount Angel Abbey". bestofthenorthwest.com. February 19, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  18. ^ "America's Newest Monastic Brewery Opens in Oregon". BeerAdvocate. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  19. ^ "Benedictine Brewery at Mount Angel Abbey is a 350-Acre Secluded Butte Where Monks Are the Brewers". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2018-09-12.

External links[edit]