Mount Arrowsmith

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Mount Arrowsmith
Mount Arrowsmith from Sproat Lake.jpg
Mount Arrowsmith from Sproat Lake
Highest point
Elevation1,819 m (5,968 ft)[1]
Prominence1,429 m (4,688 ft)[1]
ListingMountains of British Columbia
Coordinates49°13′25″N 124°35′40″W / 49.22361°N 124.59444°W / 49.22361; -124.59444Coordinates: 49°13′25″N 124°35′40″W / 49.22361°N 124.59444°W / 49.22361; -124.59444[1]
Geography
DistrictCameron Land District
Parent rangeVancouver Island Ranges
Topo mapNTS 92F2 Alberni Inlet
Climbing
First ascentJohn Macoun 1887
Easiest routescramble

Mount Arrowsmith is the highest mountain east of Port Alberni on Vancouver Island. Its dominant rock is basalt. The mountain is contained within the Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Region and as of September 18, 2009 is designated part of 1,300 ha (3,200 acres) hectare Mt. Arrowsmith Massif Regional Park.

History[edit]

The mountain is named kał-ka-č’ałḥ (Kulth-ka-choolth) meaning Jagged Points Facing Upward in the Hupacasath First Nation and Coast Salish languages.[2] [3]

The first recorded ascent by colonists was made by botanist John Macoun in 1887. Macoun was a botanist to the Geological Survey of Canada. Mount Waddington was first seen from the peak of Mount Arrowsmith by Don and Phyllis Munday in 1925 (see also Mount Munday). The mountain was named about 1853 by Captain Richards for cartographers, Aaron Arrowsmith and his nephew John Arrowsmith.[4][5]: 9 

Biogeoclimatic Zones[edit]

Mount Arrowsmith has three main biogeoclimatic zones. On the windward, wetter west-facing slopes the Coastal Western Hemlock zone occurs up to 1,050 m (3,440 ft), where it grades into the Mountain Hemlock zone. This forms a continuous forest up to 1,300 m (4,270 ft); above is a parkland phase which grades into the Alpine Tundra zone at 1,600 m (5,250 ft). The leeward, east-facing slopes are warmer thanks to more sunshine, and all zone boundaries are higher by 50 m (160 ft).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mount Arrowsmith". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 2006-06-05.
  2. ^ "Mount Arrowsmith". BC Geographical Names. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
  3. ^ Hupacasath.ca Website https://hupacasath.ca/who-we-are/language-culture/hupacasath-place-language-and-story-map/
  4. ^ Walbran, Captain John T. (1909). British Columbia coast names, 1592-1906 : to which are added a few names in adjacent United States territory, their origin and history. Ottawa: Geographic Board of Canada. ISBN 0-88894-143-9. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  5. ^ Akrigg, G.P.V.; Akrigg, Helen B. (1986), British Columbia Place Names (3rd, 1997 ed.), Vancouver: UBC Press, ISBN 0-7748-0636-2
  6. ^ R.N. Green and K. Klinka (1994). A Field Guide to Site Identification and Interpretation for the Vancouver Forest Region, p. 36

External links[edit]