Mount Belinda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mount Belinda
MtBelinda ASTER 20050923.jpg
False-color image of the ongoing eruption of Mount Belinda (September 23, 2005). The graph indicates the amount of radiant heat (in megawatts).
Elevation 1,370 m (4,490 ft)
Prominence 1,370 m (4,490 ft)
Location
Location Montagu Island, South Sandwich Islands
Coordinates 58°26′S 26°20′W / 58.433°S 26.333°W / -58.433; -26.333
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption 2001 - 2007[1][2]

Mount Belinda is a stratovolcano on Montagu Island, in the South Sandwich Islands of the Scotia Sea. A part of the British Overseas Territory, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

Belinda was inactive until late 2001, when it erupted.[3] The eruption produced large quantities of basaltic lava, melting the thick cover of ice that had accumulated while the volcano lay dormant, and "producing a marvelous 'natural laboratory'; for studying lava-ice interactions relevant to the biology of extreme environments as well as to processes believed to be important on Mars."[2]

The activity throughout 2005 marked the highest levels yet. The increase in activity in the fall of 2005 produced an active 3.5-kilometre (2.2-mile)-long lava flow, extending from the summit cone of Mount Belinda to the sea. The flow spread northeast from the volcanic vent, and then became diverted due north by an arête.[1] By late 2007, eruptive activity had ceased,[1] and in 2010 the only activity was from scattered fumeroles and cooling lava.[citation needed]

References[edit]

External links[edit]