Mount Calvary, Wisconsin

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Mount Calvary, Wisconsin
Village
Location of Mount Calvary, Wisconsin
Location of Mount Calvary, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°49′32″N 88°14′53″W / 43.82556°N 88.24806°W / 43.82556; -88.24806Coordinates: 43°49′32″N 88°14′53″W / 43.82556°N 88.24806°W / 43.82556; -88.24806
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Fond du Lac
Area[1]
 • Total 1.05 sq mi (2.72 km2)
 • Land 1.05 sq mi (2.72 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 958 ft (292 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 762
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 755
 • Density 725.7/sq mi (280.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code 53057
Area code(s) 920
FIPS code 55-54650[5]
GNIS feature ID 1569802[2]
Downtown Mount Calvary

Mount Calvary is a village in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 762 at the 2010 census, down from 956 residents at the 2000 census.[6]

Region[edit]

Mount Calvary is located in an eastern Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin area known as "The Holyland", so-called because of the large number of communities built around churches, including St. Peter, St. Cloud, St. Anna, Marytown, Johnsburg, Calvary, Brothertown and Jericho.

History[edit]

Mount Calvary's location was chosen by missionary Casper Rehrl; he selected the large hill because of its excellent view and he placed a wood cross.[7] Starting in 1846, settlers started building houses at the base of the hill.[8] Riehl held the community's first mass circa 1849 at the home of John Dietzen.[9] Bishop John Henni confirmed the first child from Mount Calvary at the St. John the Baptist Church in nearby Johnsburg (it was the only church in the region).[9] A parish was established in Mount Calvary by Rehrl on February 2, 1849; construction of the church began on the following day.[10] A school was established by the church and it quickly had five or six students.[11]

The community's first general store was built in 1851-1852.[12] Two priests arrived on October 15, 1856 to establish a monastery (it later became the St. Lawrence Seminary High School).[13] A post office was built in November 1877; Anthony Rothgery was named first postmaster.[14] A railroad was established in the 1850s and 1860s; it connected Sheboygan to Fond du Lac.[14] Trains ran twice daily through nearby Calvary Station.[14]

Geography[edit]

Mount Calvary is located at 43°49′32″N 88°14′53″W / 43.82556°N 88.24806°W / 43.82556; -88.24806 (43.825664, -88.248114).[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.05 square miles (2.72 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 942
1980 585 −37.9%
1990 558 −4.6%
2000 956 71.3%
2010 762 −20.3%
Est. 2015 746 [16] −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 762 people, 201 households, and 151 families residing in the village. The population density was 725.7 inhabitants per square mile (280.2/km2). There were 215 housing units at an average density of 204.8 per square mile (79.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 83.6% White, 1.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 8.3% Asian, 5.2% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.9% of the population.

There were 201 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the village was 26.8 years. 39.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 16.6% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 63.5% male and 36.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 587 people, 199 households, and 141 families residing in the village. The population density was 902.0 people per square mile (348.2/km²). There were 206 housing units at an average density of 194.4 per square mile (75.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 84.21% White, 0.42% African American, 0.52% Native American, 6.69% Asian, 7.74% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.37% of the population.

There were 199 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the village, the population was spread out with 33.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 16.0% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 149.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $50,104, and the median income for a family was $53,333. Males had a median income of $42,031 versus $23,462 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,631. About 4.8% of families and 35.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 45.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Mount Calvary is in the New Holstein Public School District. It is also served by the Consolidated Parochial Elementary School (C.P.E.S.) system, run jointly by several local Catholic parishes including St. Isidore (which includes Holy Cross Church in Mt. Calvary), St. John's in Johnsburg, and St. Mary's in Marytown. Recently, C.P.E.S. lost its Mount Calvary location, but is still supported by Holy Cross Church in Mount Calvary. It is also home to St. Lawrence Seminary High School, a Catholic preparatory high school.

Notable residents[edit]

Images[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Vieracker, Fr. Corbinian (1907). The History of Mount Calvary, A Commermorative Volume of the Golden Jubilee of the Establishment of the First Friary in North America (translated from German by Ron Jansch in June 2007). Fond du Lac, Wisconsin: Action Printing. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://legis.wisconsin.gov/ltsb/redistricting/PDFs/2010%20WI%20Pop%20Counts.pdf
  7. ^ Vieracker, Fr. Corbinian (1907). The History of Mount Calvary. Fond du Lac, Wisconsin: Action Publishing. p. 20. 
  8. ^ Vieracker, page 22
  9. ^ a b Vieracker, page 23
  10. ^ Vieracker, page 26
  11. ^ Vieracker, page 27
  12. ^ Vieracker, pages 53
  13. ^ Vieracker, pages 44-45
  14. ^ a b c Vieracker, pages 117
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.