Mount Carroll, Illinois
|Name origin: Named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence|
|Motto: Where we take the time to care|
|Elevation||810 ft (247 m)|
|Area||2.02 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- land||2.02 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||850.0 / sq mi (328 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Mount Carroll, Illinois|
Due to its elevation and northwesterly location, Mount Carroll is subject to unusually cold winter weather. From 1930 to 1999, Mount Carroll held the record for the lowest temperature ever recorded in Illinois, −35 °F (−37 °C), recorded on January 22, 1930. The record was beaten by Congerville in 1999, by one degree.
Mount Carroll began life as a mill town around 1841. In 1843, a referendum moved the county seat from nearby Savanna to Mount Carroll. The town was incorporated in 1855 and became a city in 1867; the first mayor was Nathaniel Halderman, a prominent local businessman and co-founder of the mill.
Shimer College was established in Mt. Carroll in 1853, but mounting debts forced a move to Waukegan in 1979. The campus now is home to several organizations, most notably the Campbell Center for Historic Preservation Studies.
Political scientist Robert Keohane grew up in Mt. Carroll before attending Shimer.
Mount Carroll is located slightly northwest of the center of Carroll County at  U.S. Route 52 passes through the southern part of the city, leading east 7 miles (11 km) to Lanark and west 10 miles (16 km) to Savanna on the Mississippi River.(42.095473, -89.977042).
According to the 2010 census, Mount Carroll has a total area of 2.02 square miles (5.23 km2), all land.
Arts and culture
Mount Carroll enjoys a remarkable concentration of historically and architecturally significant structures. The bulk of the town's downtown and older residential area are included in the Mount Carroll Historic District, which encompasses 118 acres (48 ha) and was entered into the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Mount Carroll is also home to the Campbell Center for Historic Preservation Studies, located on the historic former Shimer College campus near the south edge of town.
The Timber Lake Playhouse, the oldest semiprofessional summer stock theater company in Illinois, is located 4 miles (6 km) southeast of Mount Carroll. The Mount Carroll post office contains an oil on canvas mural, ''Rural Scene - Wakarusa Valley, painted by Irene Bianucci in 1941. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,832 people, 765 households, and 501 families residing in the city. The population density was 963.5 people per square mile (372.3/km²). There were 855 housing units at an average density of 449.7 per square mile (173.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.53% White, 0.16% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population.
There were 765 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,861, and the median income for a family was $40,511. Males had a median income of $29,292 versus $22,212 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,455. About 5.1% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
- Samuel James Campbell, banker and philanthropist, born in Mount Carroll
- Felix A. Kremer, Wisconsin State Assemblyman, born in Mount Carroll
- John L. Griffith, college coach, first commissioner of the Big Ten Conference
- Howard Kyle (née Vandergrift), noted actor, Union School class of 1879 valedictorian
- Suzanna W. Miles, archaeologist, anthropologist, ethnohistorian and Mayanist, born in Mount Carroll
- Ward Miller, outfielder for the five Major League Baseball teams; born in Mount Carroll
- Neta Snook, pioneer woman aviator and aviation instructor
- Emmert L. Wingert, Wisconsin Supreme Court justice, born in Mount Carroll
Notable Shimer students in Mount Carroll
- Robert Keohane, political scientist, grew up in Mt. Carroll before attending Shimer
- Daniel Perlman, president of Suffolk University and later president of Webster University
- Phoebe Snow, singer, songwriter, and guitarist, best known for her chart-topping 1975 hit "Poetry Man"
- Laurie Spiegel, composer whose most recent accolades are her work in the movie The Hunger Games
- Mary Wings, writer, artist, and musician
- Catherine Yronwode, writer, editor, graphic designer, typesetter, publisher with an extensive career in the comic book industry
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Mount Carroll city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
- Paul T. Hellman (2013). "Mount Carroll". Historical Gazetteer of the United States. p. 293. ISBN 1135948593.
- History of Carroll County. 1878. p. 358.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- "Post Office Mural". livingnewdeal.org. Living New Deal. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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