Mount Davis, Hong Kong
A view of Mount Davis from High West
|Elevation||269 m (883 ft)|
Mount Davis (Chinese: 摩星嶺) is an area surrounding and including the westernmost hill on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It is 269m tall. Home to mostly luxury residences, Mount Davis was originally settled after the construction of Victoria Road, Hong Kong by prominent Hong Kong families who were unable to live on Peak due to the zoning restriction in Peak District Reservation Ordinance, 1904.
It was an important artillery depot of the British forces since 1911 (proposed in 1900). Five (later three) 9.2-inch guns were installed. It was heavily bombed by Japanese planes during the Battle of Hong Kong. The depot was later demolished by British defences towards the end of the battle.
The geology of Mount Davis comprises dominantly pyroclastic rocks of the Cretaceous Repulse Bay Volcanic Group. This same kind of rock is common in the south of Hong Kong Island and the east and north New Territories. The rock type in Mount Davis is mainly coarse ash crystal tuff.
Hong Kong Jockey Club Mount Davis Youth Hostel, operated by Hong Kong Youth Hostel Association, is located at 123 Mount Davis Path and it offers a panoramic view of Victoria Harbour. The hostel has undergone a HK$9.54 million renovation, funded by the Hong Kong Jockey Club, and re-opened in 2012. The hostel offers beds in dormitories, as well as two, four and six bed rooms. Self-catering facilities are provided, but no restaurant is available. The hostel provides a free shuttle service to Shun Tak Centre in Sheung Wan.
There is an ionospheric station housing an ionosonde. The ionosonde was set up in a refurbished bunkhouse by Oulton Walker and Tim Closs of the University of Hong Kong Physics department in 1969. There are also microwave towers.
The eastern side of the hill holds the Chiu Yuen Cemetery, a cemetery for the Eurasian community where many members of the influential Hotung family are buried. While Kennedy Town is on the north side, the southern and western sides are mostly low-rise developments, primarily residential but also home to West Island School.
- Wan li bian tu zu.; 萬里編圖組. (2002), 2003 Xianggang quan jing duo gong neng jie dao tu = 2003 Hong Kong city guide, Lin, Cong., 林叢., Wan li ji gou, Wan li shu dian, ISBN 9621425379, OCLC 52309969
- The Pre-Quaternary Geology of Hong Kong. Sewell, R. J., Hong Kong. Geotechnical Engineering Office. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Geological Survey. ISBN 9620202996. OCLC 46968327.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Hong Kong Geological Survey I:20,000-scale Geological Map Sheet No. 11
- "Jockey Club Mt. Davis Youth Hostel". Hong Kong Youth Hostel Association. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Renovated Mount Davis hostel offers stunning views for just HK$130 a night". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- MacKeown, P.K. "An Anecdotal History of the Physics Department at the Univ. of Hong Kong".
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