Mount Eden, California
Mount Eden was founded in 1850 by a group of farmers from Mount Eden, Kentucky, drawn to California by the Gold Rush. The party disbanded upon reaching the San Francisco Bay, but a few of them settled at a road crossing. They nailed a sign reading "Mt. Eden" to two trees, and the name stuck. A post office opened in 1860 and was in continuous operation until 1953.
A town developed at the site, on the shores of the bay. Mount Eden developed shipping and salt-harvesting industries. The salt companies gradually consolidated; after the demise of the Oliver Salt Company in 1931, only the Leslie Salt Company remained. The shipping industry suffered from increasing competition from roads and railroads. Mount Eden experienced significant immigration from northern Germany and Denmark.
The historic center of Mount Eden, now a freeway interchange, was around what was then Telegraph Avenue, now Hesperian Boulevard, between Depot Road and Jackson Street. The town was incorporated into Hayward in the late 1950s, though the post office and town name continued to be used until 1984 when the U. S. Postal Service decommissioned the post office.
The name "Mount Eden" survives in the names of some local institutions: Mount Eden High School, Eden Area Regional Occupation Program, Mount Eden Cemetery, Eden Congregational Church, and Eden Medical Center.
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