Mount Elgin Indian Residential School

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Mount Elgin Residential School 1910

The Mount Elgin Indian Residential School, also known as the Muncey Institute, was a Canadian Indian Residential School which operated from 1851-1946 and then briefly after 1967 in Muncey, Ontario.

History[edit]

The Mount Elgin School was established on the land which is now occupied the Chippewas of the Thames First Nation in 1847. The corner stone of the school building was laid on July 17, 1849 and it opened to students in 1851.[1] The school was operated by the Wesleyan Methodist Society and the Department of Indian Affairs.[2] When the school first opened it was on 200 acres which were procured from the Chippewas of the Thames for the purpose of the school.[3] The School initially opened to 13 boarders and a number of day scholars, by 1911 that number had increased to 102. From the 1930s onward the school averaged approximately 1950 students a year.[4] Students came to the school from over 18 Indigenous communities in Ontario and Quebec.[5]

In 1925 management of the school transferred to the United Church of Canada's Home Board of Missions.[6] The Mount Elgin School was the only residential school operated by the United Church in Ontario. Numerous additions were added to the school over the years. In 1942, a government inspection of the school indicated that the school buildings were in a bad state of disrepair.[7] By 1944 the school included the main building, the classroom/annex building, a laundry, and a manual training building; the school also had numerous barns and farm buildings.[4]

The school closed on June 30, 1946 sbdc we reopened in 1967.

In 2012, the only remaining building from Mount Elgin that was still standing was an abandoned barn.[6] The walls of the barn includes names carved into the wood by students during their time working on the farm at Mount Elgin.[8]

Student Experience[edit]

The experience of students at the Mount Elgin residential school was similar to the experience of Indigenous children who attended residential schools across Canada. Students have spoken about the poor medical treatment and care provided to them while at Mount Elgin.[6] In 1908, students at Mount Elgin set fire to the school three times.[7] Other students have spoken about the poor quality of food at the residential school and the lack of meat in their diet, despite the fact that the school's farm included numerous animals.[9] Additionally, students have discussed the hard labor they were forced to undertaken on the school's farm and the physical abuse many of them endured while at the school.[10][11]

The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation's National Student Memorial Register lists five students who are known to have died at this Residential School, including: Courtland Claud, Evangeline Jackson, Helen May Seneca, McGahey, and Simon Altman.[7]

Principals[edit]

The following individuals served as principals and school administrators during the operation of the Mount Elgin School:[3]

Principal Name Years
Rev. Samuel Rose 1859
R.E. Tupper 1868-1870
Rev. James Gray 1871-1872
Ephraim Evans, D.D. 1873-1874
Thomas Cosford 1875 - June 1881
Rev. William W. Shepherd Jule 1881 - May 1903
R.G. Howes (Vice Principal) August 1902 - May 1903
Rev. T.T. George July 1903 - June 1909
Rev. S.R. McVitty June 1909 - 1934
Rev. C.W. McKenzie (Assistant Principal) 1927
Rev. Oliver B. Strapp 1929-1933 (Assistant Principal), 1934 (Acting Principal), 1934-1944 (Principal)
Rev. S.H. Soper June 1944 - June 1946

Commemoration[edit]

In the early 2000s residential school survivors from Chippewas of the Thames who attended Mount Elgin created a video entitled "Our Healing Journey" which documented their experience at the residential school. This video was part of the early healing programming undertaken by the local community.[12]

In June 2012 a commemorative marker was installed by the Chippewas of the Thames First Nation on the site of the original residential school building.[13] The marker has seven pillars, representing the seven grandfather teachings. It includes the names of students who attended the school. Approximately 1,000 people were present at the unveiling of the monument.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graham, Elizabeth (1997). The Mush Hole: Life at Two Indian Residential Schools. Waterloo, Ontario: Heffle Publishing. ISBN 0-9683179-0-1.
  2. ^ "Mount Elgin Industrial Institute — The Children Remembered". thechildrenremembered.ca. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Elgin Indian Residential School Narrative" (PDF). National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation. August 16, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  4. ^ a b Auger, Donald J. (2005). Indian Residential Schools in Ontario. Nishnawbe Aski Nation. pp. 181–190.
  5. ^ Callan, Patrick (June 15, 2012). "'Living in a prison'". The London Free Press. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  6. ^ a b c Callan, Patrick (June 15, 2012). "'Living in a prison'". The London Free Press. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  7. ^ a b c Min, Seon. "Mount Elgin Residential School – National Residential School Memorial Register". Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  8. ^ "Historic barn etchings tell tale of residential schools". Vimeo. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  9. ^ Simpson, Barbara (April 10, 2017). "School survivor nominated for Order of Ontario". Sarnia Observer. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  10. ^ Sims, Jane (June 21, 2012). "Sharing a sombre legacy". The London Free Press. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  11. ^ "Farming and child labour at Mount Elgin Residential School". www.davidmckie.com. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  12. ^ "Mt. Elgin Industrial Institute - Indian Residential School | Chippewas of the Thames". Chippewas of the Thames. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  13. ^ "Monument unveiled". The London Free Press. June 20, 2012. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  14. ^ "Monument marks residential school : Tech : Videos". www.ottawasun.com. Retrieved 2017-05-15.