Mount Fiske

Coordinates: 37°08′12″N 118°40′04″W / 37.1365692°N 118.6678353°W / 37.1365692; -118.6678353
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Mount Fiske
Northwest aspect, from Sapphire Lake
Highest point
Elevation13,503 ft (4,116 m)[1]
Prominence823 ft (251 m)[1]
Parent peakMount Darwin (13,837 ft)[2]
Isolation2.12 mi (3.41 km)[2]
ListingSierra Peaks Section
Coordinates37°08′12″N 118°40′04″W / 37.1365692°N 118.6678353°W / 37.1365692; -118.6678353[3]
EtymologyJohn Fiske
Mount Fiske is located in California
Mount Fiske
Mount Fiske
Location in California
Mount Fiske is located in the United States
Mount Fiske
Mount Fiske
Mount Fiske (the United States)
LocationKings Canyon National Park
Fresno County
California, U.S.
Parent rangeSierra Nevada[1]
Topo mapUSGS Mount Darwin
Type of rockgranite
First ascent1922
Easiest routeclass 2[2] Southeast Ridge

Mount Fiske is a 13,503-foot-elevation (4,116 meter) mountain summit located near the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, in Fresno County of northern California, United States.[3] It is situated in northern Kings Canyon National Park, 23 miles (37 km) west of the community of Big Pine, 0.83 miles (1.34 km) east of Mount Huxley, and two miles south of Mount Darwin, which is the nearest higher neighbor. Mount Fiske ranks as the 60th highest summit in California.[2]


According to the Köppen climate classification system, Mount Fiske is located in an alpine climate zone.[4] Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, and travel east toward the Sierra Nevada mountains. As fronts approach, they are forced upward by the peaks, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the range (orographic lift). This climate supports the Mount Fiske Glacier in the north cirque. Precipitation runoff from this mountain drains southeast into headwaters of the Middle Fork Kings River, or northwest into Evolution Creek which is a San Joaquin River tributary.


John Fiske

In 1895, Sierra Club explorer Theodore S. Solomons named a group of mountains in the Sierra Nevada after exponents of Darwin's theory of evolution.[5][6] These six peaks are now known collectively as the Evolution Group. This mountain's name commemorates John Fiske (1842–1901), an American philosopher and historian.[7] The other five peaks were named after Charles Darwin, Ernst Haeckel, Alfred Russel Wallace, Herbert Spencer, and Thomas Henry Huxley.

The first ascent of the summit was made August 10, 1922, by Sierra Club member Charles Norman Fiske, his sons John Norman Fiske and Stephen Burlingame Fiske, and Sierra Club member Frederick Kellett via the southeast ridge.[8] The first ascent via the class 2 Southwest Ridge was made on August 18, 1939, by Jack Sturgeon, also of the Sierra Club.[9]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Mount Fiske, California". Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  2. ^ a b c d "Fiske, Mount - 13,503' CA". Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Fiske". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  4. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11. ISSN 1027-5606.
  5. ^ Francis Peloubet Farquhar, Exploration of the Sierra Nevada, 1925, California Historical Society, page 47.
  6. ^ Browning, Peter (1986). Place Names of the Sierra Nevada. Berkeley: Wilderness Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-89997-119-9.
  7. ^ Peter Browning, Place Names of the Sierra Nevada From Abbot to Zumwalt, 1986, Wilderness Press, ISBN 9780899970479, page 70.
  8. ^ R. J. Secor, The High Sierra Peaks, Passes, Trails, 2009, Third Edition, Mountaineers Books, ISBN 9781594857386.
  9. ^ Alan M. Hedden and David R. Brower, A Climber's Guide to the High Sierra (1954)

External links[edit]