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Mount Hilgard

Coordinates: 37°21′37″N 118°49′37″W / 37.3603118°N 118.8269322°W / 37.3603118; -118.8269322
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Mount Hilgard
East aspect
Highest point
Elevation13,361 ft (4,072 m)[1]
Prominence841 ft (256 m)[1]
Parent peakMount Gabb (13,747 ft)[2]
Isolation1.72 mi (2.77 km)[2]
ListingSierra Peaks Section
Coordinates37°21′37″N 118°49′37″W / 37.3603118°N 118.8269322°W / 37.3603118; -118.8269322[3]
EtymologyEugene W. Hilgard
Mount Hilgard is located in California
Mount Hilgard
Mount Hilgard
Location in California
Mount Hilgard is located in the United States
Mount Hilgard
Mount Hilgard
Mount Hilgard (the United States)
CountryUnited States
Protected areaJohn Muir Wilderness
Parent rangeSierra Nevada[1]
Topo mapUSGS Mount Hilgard
Type of rockgranite
First ascent1905 by Charles F. Urquhart[4]
Easiest routeclass 2[2] South slope

Mount Hilgard is a 13,361-foot-elevation (4,072 meter) mountain summit located west of the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Fresno County of northern California, United States.[3] It is situated in the John Muir Wilderness on land managed by Sierra National Forest, approximately eight miles east-southeast of Lake Thomas A Edison, and immediately above the west end of Lake Italy. The nearest higher neighbor is Mount Gabb, 1.75 miles (2.82 km) to the northeast, and Recess Peak is 2.2 miles (3.5 km) to the northwest.[1] The John Muir Trail follows Bear Creek to the west of this remote peak, providing an approach. Mt. Hilgard ranks as the 82nd highest summit in California.[2]


This mountain was named by Sierra Club explorer Theodore Solomons for Eugene W. Hilgard (1833–1916), a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and considered as the father of modern soil science in the United States.[5] The name was suggested to Solomons in 1895 by Ernest C. Bonner, who was one of Hilgard's former students.[5] The Hilgard name may have been initially meant for the current Recess Peak, according to Solomon's account.[5] The first ascent of the summit was made July 10, 1905, by Charles F. Urquhart, USGS topographer.[6]


According to the Köppen climate classification system, Mount Hilgard is located in an alpine climate zone.[7] Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, and travel east toward the Sierra Nevada mountains. As fronts approach, they are forced upward by the peaks, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the range (orographic lift). Precipitation runoff from this mountain drains into the San Joaquin River watershed.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d "Mount Hilgard, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  2. ^ a b c d "Hilgard, Mount - 13,361' CA". listsofjohn.com. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Hilgard". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  4. ^ Hervey Voge, James W. Koontz, II, and George Bloom, Climber’s Guide to the High Sierra (1954)
  5. ^ a b c Francis P. Farquhar, Place Names of the High Sierra (1926)
  6. ^ R. J. Secor, The High Sierra Peaks, Passes, Trails, 2009, Third Edition, Mountaineers Books, ISBN 9781594857386.
  7. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11. ISSN 1027-5606.

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