Mount Hope (MBTA station)

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MOUNT HOPE
Mount Hope inbound 1899.jpg
Inbound building in 1899
Location Blakemore Street, Roslindale, MA
Coordinates 42°17′08″N 71°07′10″W / 42.2855°N 71.1195°W / 42.2855; -71.1195Coordinates: 42°17′08″N 71°07′10″W / 42.2855°N 71.1195°W / 42.2855; -71.1195
Line(s)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
History
Opened ca. 1882
Closed November 3, 1979[1]
Previous names Monterey
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
Providence/Stoughton Line
Franklin Line
toward Dedham
Dedham Branch
Closed 1967

Mount Hope was a railroad station on the Northeast Corridor in Roslindale, Boston, Massachusetts. The station consisted of two separate depots on opposite sides of the tracks. The brick outbound depot was located just north of the Blakemore Street bridge, while the wooden inbound depot was located south of the overpass.

History[edit]

Operation[edit]

Mount Hope station in an 1889 advertisement for the Old Colony Railroad

The station was built as an infill station on the existing Boston & Providence Railroad circa 1882.[2] The outbound building showed "1884" on one of its stones.[3] The station was at railroad level below grade; street access was via sets of stairs. The wooden inbound building was built sometime after the outbound building.[3] The Boston & Providence Railroad was acquired by the Old Colony Railroad in 1888, which in turn became part of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in 1893. A brief controversy took place over poor station lighting in 1906.[4]

The station buildings were closed in 1941 or 1942 after World War II started, but trains still served the station. The inbound building was demolished after a fire and replaced with a small shelter.[3] Ridership declined due to the competing #32 trolley line as well as the general disuse of railroads, but the station was never completely abandoned. The NYNH&H folded into Penn Central in 1969, who sold the line and station to the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority in 1973.[1] Conrail took over Penn Central in 1976 and the Boston & Maine Railroad was contracted to operate the southside commuter lines starting in March 1977, thus marking the sixth operator to run trains to Mount Hope.[1]

Closure[edit]

The former station site in 2016

On November 3, 1979, the MBTA closed the tracks from Readville to Back Bay for construction of the Southwest Corridor. Providence and Franklin trains were rerouted via the Fairmount Line, while Mount Hope and Hyde Park were closed. When the corridor reopened to commuter trains in October 1987, only Hyde Park was returned to service.[1] Mount Hope was considered too close to Forest Hills and the Orange Line to be useful. The MBTA offered instead a limited-service stop several hundred yards south at Cummins Highway, but local opinion was against the plan.[3]

Housing units have been erected on the sites of both the inbound and outbound station buildings.[3] The foundation of the outbound building was discovered during construction of a condominium complex. Today, no visible remnants of the station exist.

Proposed Orange Line extension[edit]

Mount Hope is located in a densely populated neighborhood just six miles from downtown Boston, making it a strong candidate for rapid transit service rather than conventional low-frequency commuter rail service. The 1945 Coolidge Commission Report recommended that an extension of the Orange Line south from Forest Hills be built to Dedham via West Roxbury rather than Mount Hope.[5] The 1966 Program for Mass Transportation recommended a bifurcated Orange Line, with one branch to West Roxbury or Hersey and another to Readville or Route 128 via Mount Hope.[6] Various reports over the next two decades continued to recommend various combinations of the extensions; however, due to cost, the 1987 relocation of the Orange Line to the Southwest Corridor was terminated at Forest Hills.[7] Hyde Park, Readville, and the Needham Line instead received limited upgrades, like handicapped accessible platforms.

The extension is still periodically discussed. The 2004 Program for Mass Transportation listed an extension to Route 128 with intermediate stops, including—possibly—Mount Hope, at a cost of $342.8 million. The extension was listed as low priority, due to environmental issues with crossing the wetlands south of Readville, and because the corridor already has commuter rail service.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Belcher, Jonathan (31 December 2011). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  2. ^ G.M. Hopkins & Co. (1882). "Boston 1882 Index Plate". Ward Maps. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "The Mount Hope Railroad Station: A Brief History Of Roslindale's Mount Hope Railroad Station" (PDF). Village Station Residences. October 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Railroad Commissioners Listen to Protest Against Conditions at Mount Hope and Roslindale". Boston Evening Transcript. 28 February 1906. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Boston Elevated Railway and Boston Department of Public Utilities (1945). "Boston Rapid Transit System & Proposed Extensions 1945 - Metropolitan Transit Recess Commission Air View". Wardmaps LLC. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  6. ^ MBTA planning staff (3 May 1966). "A Comprehensive Development Program for Public Transportation in the Massachusetts Bay Area: 1966". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. p. V-9. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Central Transportation Planning Staff (15 November 1993). "The Transportation Plan for the Boston Region - Volume 2". National Transportation Library. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  8. ^ Central Transportation Planning Staff (January 2004) [May 2003]. "Chapter 5C: Service Expansion" (PDF). 2004 Program for Mass Transportation. Boston Metropolitan Planning Organization. p. 5C–83. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.