Mount Ida (Crete)
|Psiloritis (Timios Stavros)|
View of Psiloritis mountains from west
|Elevation||2,456 m (8,058 ft) |
|Prominence||2,456 m (8,058 ft) |
Mount Ida, known variously as Idha, Ídhi, Idi, Ita and now Psiloritis (Greek: Ψηλορείτης, "high mountain"), at a height of 2,456 m (8,057 feet), is the highest mountain on Crete. Located in the Rethymno regional unit, it was sacred to the Greek Titaness Rhea, and on its slopes lies one of the caves, Idaion Andron, in which, according to legend, Zeus was born. Its summit (Timios Stavros) has the highest topographic prominence in Greece.
In ancient times the Idaean cave, "cave of the Goddess" (Dea) was venerated by Minoans and Hellenes alike. By Greek times the cave was rededicated to Zeus. In one version of the legend, the cave where Zeus was nurtured is not this one but the Dictaean cave; there the two nymphs who cared for the infant were Adrasteia and Idê. There are a number of caves believed to have been the birthplace or hiding place of Zeus.
Votive seals and ivories have been found in the cave. Like the Dictaean cave, the Idaean cave was known as a place of initiations, and it may have served as the site of an oracle, symbolized by the frequent depiction of a tripod on coins of nearby Axos, which presumably controlled the territory around the cave.
Shepherd's hut (mitato) on Nida Plateau, eastern side of Mt Ida
- 243 Ida, an asteroid named after the mountain
- Mount Ida, known as the Phrygian Ida in classical antiquity
- Mount Kedros
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- Pliny (translated by Mary Beagon). 2005. The Elder Pliny on the Human Animal: Natural History, Book 7, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-815065-7, 515 pages
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- Antonis Plymakis, Koúmoi-Mitáta kai Boskoi sta Leuká Ori kai Psiloriti ("Shepherd's huts and shepherds in the Lefka Ori and the Psiloritis"), Chania, 2008, 630 p.
- Harriet Blitzer, Pastoral Life in the Mountains of Crete. An Ethnoarchaelogical Perspective, in Expedition, vol. 32, No 3, 1990, pp. 34-41 (on the shepherd's huts of Eastern Crete.
- Sabine Ivanovas, Where Zeus Became a Man (with Cretan Shepherds), Efsthiadis Group Editions, 2000, 183 p. (Life in the corbelled dry stone huts of central Crete).
- Diodorus Siculus, V.70.
- William Smith, ed. (c. 1873). A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. John Murray.
- J. Lesley Fitton,Ivory in Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic Period (British Museum. Dept. of Greek and Roman Antiquities),1992
- Yulia Ustinova, Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind: descending underground in the search for Ultimate Truth 2009:180.
- Ustinova, noting Capdeville 1990, and, critically, Prent 2005:568.
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