Mount Jefferson (New Hampshire)

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Mount Jefferson
Mt. Jefferson from Mt. Washington.JPG
Mount Jefferson as seen from near the summit of Mount Washington, with the Great Gulf below.
Highest point
Elevation5,712 ft (1,741 m)
Prominence742 ft (226 m)
ListingWhite Mountain 4000-Footers
Coordinates44°18′15″N 71°19′01″W / 44.30420°N 71.31685°W / 44.30420; -71.31685Coordinates: 44°18′15″N 71°19′01″W / 44.30420°N 71.31685°W / 44.30420; -71.31685
LocationThompson and Meserve's Purchase, Coös County, New Hampshire, U.S.
Parent rangePresidential Range
Topo mapUSGS Mount Washington
Easiest routeCaps Ridge Trail

Mount Jefferson is located in Coos County, New Hampshire, and is the third highest mountain in the state. The mountain is named after Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, and is part of the Presidential Range of the White Mountains.[1] Mount Jefferson is flanked by Mount Adams (to the northeast) and Mount Clay (to the south).

The mountain has several interesting features, making it a popular hike. Two distinct ridges lead to its summit: Ridge of the Caps and Castle Ridge. The mountain is surrounded by the three dramatic glacial cirques of Jefferson Ravine, Castle Ravine, and the Great Gulf. Finally, Monticello Lawn is a large expanse of alpine sedge and rush near the otherwise talus-covered summit cone. When viewed from the Mount Washington Auto Road, Jefferson features an arrow-shaped bald patch pointing to its summit.

Mount Jefferson has a direct ascent along the Caps Ridge Trail, whose base, Jefferson Notch, is the highest point of any public road in New Hampshire at 3,009 feet (917 m). This route, gaining only 2,700 feet (823 m) vertically to the summit, results in it having the least distance of ascent of any Presidential mountain (about 2.5 miles). However, climbing over the "caps" involves some exposed scrambling and can be steep and challenging at times.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 168.

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