Mount Kahuzi

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Mount Kahuzi
Highest point
Elevation10,850 ft (3,310 m)
Coordinates2°14′57″S 28°41′28″E / 2.249216°S 28.691139°E / -2.249216; 28.691139Coordinates: 2°14′57″S 28°41′28″E / 2.249216°S 28.691139°E / -2.249216; 28.691139
Geography
LocationDemocratic Republic of the Congo
Parent rangeMitumba Range
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano (extinct)

Mount Kahuzi is an extinct volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is within the Biega - Kahuzi National Park, a World Heritage Site.

Location[edit]

Mount Kahuzi was last active at the end of the Pleistocene.[1] At 3,317 metres (10,883 ft) it is the highest peak in the Mitumba Range, which runs along the west shore of Lake Kivu in the Albertine Rift. The eastern part of the Biega - Kahuzi National Park, a World Heritage Site, lies on the slopes of the mountain.[2] The Zoological and Forest Reserve of Mount Kahuzi was created by decree on 27 July 1937, and extended in 1951 to include the Biega forest. It was gazetted as a national park in 1970.[3]

Flora[edit]

Vegetation includes wet lowland rain forest, transitional rainforest and Afromontaine vegetation that is dominated by tree heathers.[3] Hedythrsus thamnoideus and Disa erubescens grow on one summit of Mount Kahuzi. On its main summit, between 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) and 3,308 metres (10,853 ft) Erica spp. grows, as well as Senecio kahuzicus, Helichrysum mildbraedii, Huperzia saururus and Deschampsia flexuosa.[4]

Fauna[edit]

Gorillas are found in the region, including the mountain slopes. In 1993 the population around Mount Kahuzi was estimated to be about 275 individuals.[5] Their population was devastated during the Second Congo War of the late 1990s.[6] The extremely rare Mount Kahuzi Climbing Mouse has been found on its slopes. Only two specimens have been found, both in the same location in the highly threatened montane forest on Mount Kahuzi at an elevation of around 2,000 metres (6,600 ft).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frank L. Lambrecht (1991). In the shade of an acacia tree: memoirs of a health officer in Africa, 1945-1959. American Philosophical Society. p. 255. ISBN 0-87169-194-9.
  2. ^ "Biega - Kahuzi National Park". Biega.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  3. ^ a b Albert Kwokwo Barume (2000). Heading towards extinction?: indigenous rights in Africa : the case of the Twa of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. IWGIA. pp. 68–70. ISBN 87-90730-31-3.
  4. ^ "KAHUZI-BIÉGA NATIONAL PARK DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO" (PDF). United Nations Environmental Program. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  5. ^ Ronald M. Nowak (1999). Walker's mammals of the world, Volume 2. JHU Press. p. 622. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9.
  6. ^ Julian Oliver Caldecott, Lera Miles (2005). World atlas of great apes and their conservation. University of California Press. p. 131. ISBN 0-520-24633-0.
  7. ^ "Dendromus kahuziensis". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-10-30.