Karisimbi summit seen from the campsite in 2005
|Elevation||4,507 m (14,787 ft) |
|Prominence||3,312 m (10,866 ft) |
|Isolation||207 kilometres (129 mi)|
|Listing||Country high point|
|Location||Democratic Republic of the Congo - Rwanda border|
|Parent range||Virunga Mountains|
|Last eruption||8050 BCE (?)|
Mount Karisimbi is an inactive volcano in the Virunga Mountains on the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. At 4,507 metres (14,787 ft), Karisimbi is the highest of the eight major mountains of the mountain range, which is a part of Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift. Karisimbi is flanked by Mikeno to the north, Bisoke to the east and Nyiragongo to the west, on the other side of the Rift Valley. Karisimbi is the 11th highest mountain of Africa.
The name Karisimbi comes from the word 'amasimbi' in the local language, Kinyarwanda, which means snow. Snow can mostly be found during the dry season in June, July and August on the top of the volcano.
On February 27, 1908 an expedition led by Egon Von Kirschstein was coming down the Branca Crater when a hailstorm and snowstorm caused twenty of the expedition's porters to perish.
- "Africa Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Bulletin of the American Geographical Society, Volume 40 .p.416 1908