Mount Kineo

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Mount Kineo
Mt Kineo.jpg
Highest point
Elevation1,789 ft (545 m) [1]
Prominence750 ft (230 m) [1][2]
ListingList of mountains of Maine
Coordinates45°41′59″N 69°44′02″W / 45.69972°N 69.73389°W / 45.69972; -69.73389Coordinates: 45°41′59″N 69°44′02″W / 45.69972°N 69.73389°W / 45.69972; -69.73389[3]
Mount Kineo is located in Maine
Mount Kineo
Mount Kineo
Topo mapUSGS Mount Kineo

Mount Kineo is a prominent geological feature located on a 1,150-acre (470 ha) peninsula that extends from the easterly shore of Moosehead Lake in the northern forest of Maine. With 700-foot (210 m) cliffs rising straight up from the water, it is the central feature of Mount Kineo State Park, a protected area of 800 acres (320 ha) managed by the Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry.[4][5]


Native American

Native Americans once traveled great distances to Mt. Kineo to acquire its rhyolite rock. The mountain is said to contain one of the largest formations of rhyolite in the world. This rhyolite is evidence of an igneous (volcanic) phase although the mountain formations also contain slate and sandstone demonstrating sedimentary and metaphoric history as well. The mechanical properties of the rhyolite on Mount Kineo exhibits the physical properties of flint and was used extensively by indigenous peoples to make arrowheads and implements and thus, has often been referred to as "Kineo flint" in literature; but this term misleads by implication that the rhyolite is a cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz derived from a sedimentary origin. The rhyolite is actually an igneous extrusive material implying a volcanic phase that created the unique properties of this highly sought after material. Being the country's largest known mass of this rock, once used by Indigenous people to craft arrowheads, hatchets, chisels, etc., Indigenous implements made from the stone have been found in all parts of New England and even further south, it is evident that various tribes visited Mt. Kineo for centuries to obtain this material.[6]

Notable visitors

In 1846, Henry David Thoreau visited the Moosehead Lake region,[7] and the mountain's geological formation, Indian relics and traditions deeply interested him.

Hotel resort

The first Mt. Kineo House was built on the shores of Moosehead Lake in 1848, but burned in 1868. Rebuilt in 1870 and opened in 1871, the second Mt. Kineo House burned again in 1882. Designed by Arthur H. Vinal, the third Mt. Kineo House opened in 1884.[8]

In 1911, the Maine Central Railroad purchased the resort and engaged the Hiram Ricker Hotel Company to operate it. Then the largest inland waterfront hotel in America, it had accommodations for over 500 guests. In 1933, the railroad eliminated its Kineo branch, and in 1938 sold the hotel. It burned during demolition and the old employee house was burned down in 2018.[8]


State park

The state park offers various trails around the peninsula and to the mountain peak. The park can only be reached by water.[9] The Mount Kineo Golf Course operates the seasonal water shuttle service from the public dock in Rockwood to Mount Kineo.

Golf course

Mount Kineo Golf Course is believed to be the second oldest in New England.[8] It came under new ownership in 2009. Played on the original 1893 course, the classic lakeside layout has no sand traps, small greens, and the Kineo cliff as a backdrop for the scenic over-the-water par 3 hole #4.[10]


  1. ^ a b "Mount Kineo". Retrieved August 22, 2009.
  2. ^ Key col elevation between 1030 and 1040 feet. See Frog Pond at
  3. ^ "Mount Kineo". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  4. ^ "Mount Kineo State Park". Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  5. ^ "State Parks, State Historic Sites and Public Reserved Lands" (PDF). Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry. September 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  6. ^ "History of Mount Kineo". Moosehead Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
  7. ^ "Mount Kineo". Summitpost. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "History of the Mount Kineo House". The Historic Poland Spring. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  9. ^ "Moosehead Lake Shoreline Guide & Map" (PDF). Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry. 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  10. ^ "Mount Kineo Golf Course". Mount Kineo Golf Course. Retrieved July 31, 2017.

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