Mount Kupe

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Mount Kupe
Mont Koupé
Mount Kupe is located in Cameroon
Mount Kupe
Mount Kupe
Location in Cameroon
Highest point
Elevation 2,064 m (6,772 ft)
Coordinates 4°48′05″N 9°42′29″E / 4.80139°N 9.70806°E / 4.80139; 9.70806Coordinates: 4°48′05″N 9°42′29″E / 4.80139°N 9.70806°E / 4.80139; 9.70806
Geography
Location Cameroon
Parent range Cameroon line

Mount Kupe or Mont Koupé is a plutonic mountain in the Western High Plateau of Cameroon, part of the Cameroon line of volcanoes. It is the highest of the Bakossi mountains, rising to 2,064 metres (6,772 ft).[1]

The mountain is revered by the local Bakossi people as the home of their ancestral and forest spirits.[2] Missionaries in the 1890s observed that the mountain had a strong magical reputation, and it still has an important role in beliefs related to ekong, a form of witchcraft.[3] The mountain used to be forest-covered apart from a few small grassy areas near the summit. The causes of deforestation in the Bakossi landscape, are shifting cultivation, logging for timber, felling for fuelwood, growth and expansion of human settlements and establishment of pasture lands. [4] All sides of the mountain have been steadily converted to agricultural use. Forest has been cleared up to 1,500m on the eastern slopes and up to between 750m and 1,100m on the western and northern sides, above the villages of Mbule and Nyasoso.[5]

As of 2010, there was still primary mid-altitude and montane rainforest on the northern side.[5] The cloud forest supports rich biodiversity, and is home to chimpanzees and several species of threatened primates.[2] The Mount Kupe bushshrike Telophorus kupeensis is known to be endangered due to its small range and declining quality of its habitat.[6] The Mount Kupe Forest Project was at first managed by BirdLife International, later by WWF-UK and then by WWF-Cameroon. As of 2010 the project was dormant.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Piet Stoffelen; Martin Cheek; Diana Bridson; Elamr Robbrecht (1997). "A new species of Coffea (Rubiaceae) and notes on Mount Kupe (Cameroon)". Kew Bulletin. 52: 989–994. doi:10.2307/4117826. JSTOR 4117826. 
  2. ^ a b Jim Hudgens; Richard Trillo (2003). "Mount Kupe". The rough guide to West Africa. Rough Guides. p. 1190. ISBN 1-84353-118-6. 
  3. ^ James Kiernan (2006). The power of the occult in modern Africa: continuity and innovation in the renewal of African cosmologies. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 51–52. ISBN 3-8258-8761-8. 
  4. ^ Environmental Problems in the Bakossi Landscape: A Handbook for Environmental Educators by Ekpe Inyang
  5. ^ a b "Mount Kupe". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2011-02-04. 
  6. ^ "Mount Kupe Bush-shrike Telophorus kupeensis". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2011-02-04. 
  7. ^ "Western Cameroon Projects: Mount Kupe & the Bakossi Mountains". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2011-02-04.