Mount Logan from the southeast
|Elevation||5,959 m (19,551 ft) |
|Prominence||5,250 m (17,220 ft) |
|Isolation||624 kilometres (388 mi)|
|Parent range||Saint Elias Mountains|
|Topo map||NTS 115B|
|First ascent||1925 by A.H. MacCarthy et al.|
|Easiest route||glacier/snow/ice climb|
Mount Logan // is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest peak in North America, after Denali. The mountain was named after Sir William Edmond Logan, a Canadian geologist and founder of the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC). Mount Logan is located within Kluane National Park and Reserve in southwestern Yukon, less than 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the Yukon/Alaska border. Mount Logan is the source of the Hubbard and Logan Glaciers. Logan is believed to have the largest base circumference of any non-volcanic mountain on Earth (a large number of shield volcanoes are much larger in size and mass), including a massif with eleven peaks over 5,000 metres (16,400 ft).
Due to active tectonic uplifting, Mount Logan is still rising in height. Before 1992, the exact elevation of Mount Logan was unknown and measurements ranged from 5,959 to 6,050 metres (19,551 to 19,849 ft). In May 1992, a GSC expedition climbed Mount Logan and fixed the current height of 5,959 metres (19,551 ft) using GPS.
Temperatures are extremely low on and near Mount Logan. On the 5,000 m high plateau, air temperature hovers around −45 °C (−49 °F) in the winter and reaches near freezing in summer with the median temperature for the year around −27 °C (−17 °F). Minimal snow melt leads to a significant ice cap, reaching almost 300 m (984 ft) in certain spots.
Peaks of the massif
|Main||5,959 m (19,551 ft)||5,250 m (17,224 ft) above Mentasta Pass|
|Philippe Peak (West)||5,925 m (19,439 ft)||265 m (869 ft)|
|Logan East Peak (Stuart Peak)||5,898 m (19,350 ft)||198 m (650 ft)|
|Houston's Peak||5,740 m (18,832 ft)||100 m (328 ft)|
|Prospector Peak||5,644 m (18,517 ft)||344 m (1,129 ft)|
|AINA Peak||5,630 m (18,471 ft)||130 m (427 ft)|
|Russell Peak||5,580 m (18,307 ft)||80 m (262 ft)|
|Tudor Peak (Logan North Peak)||5,559 m (18,238 ft)||219 m (719 ft)|
|Saxon Peak (Northeast)||5,500 m (18,045 ft)||80 m (262 ft)|
|Queen Peak||5,380 m (17,651 ft)||160 m (525 ft)|
|Capet Peak (Northwest)||5,250 m (17,224 ft)||240 m (787 ft)|
|Catenary Peak||4,097 m (13,442 ft)||397 m (1,302 ft)|
|Teddy Peak||3,956 m (12,979 ft)||456 m (1,496 ft)|
In 1922, a geologist approached the Alpine Club of Canada with the suggestion that the club send a team to the mountain to reach the summit for the first time. An international team of Canadian, British and American climbers was assembled and initially they had planned their attempt in 1924 but funding and preparation delays postponed the trip until 1925. The international team of climbers began their journey in early May, crossing the mainland from the Pacific coast by train. They then walked the remaining 200 kilometres (120 mi) to within 10 kilometres (6 mi) of the Logan Glacier where they established base camp. In the early evening of June 23, 1925, Albert H. MacCarthy (leader), H.F. Lambart, Allen Carpé, W.W. Foster, Norman H. Read and Andy Taylor stood on top for the first time. It had taken them 65 days to approach the mountain from the nearest town, McCarthy, summit and return, with all climbers intact.
Subsequent notable ascents and attempts
- 1957 East Ridge. Don Monk, Gil Roberts and 3 others (US) reached the summit on July 19.
- 1965 Hummingbird Ridge (South Ridge). Dick Long, Allen Steck, Jim Wilson, John Evans, Franklin Coale Sr. and Paul Bacon (US) over 30 days, mid-July to Mid-August. Fred Beckey remarked: "When they got back we just couldn't believe that they had climbed that thing. We didn't think they had a chance". Featured in Fifty Classic Climbs of North America.
- 1977 Warbler Ridge. Dave Jones, Frank Baumann, Fred Thiessen, Jay Page (all from Canada) and Rene Bucher (Swiss) in 22 days.
- 1979 Northwest Ridge. Michael Down (CA), Paul Kindree, John Howe, Reid Carter and John Wittmayer climbed to the summit over 22 days, topping out on June 19.
- 1979 South-Southwest Ridge. Raymond Jotterand (CA), Alan Burgess, Jim Elzinga and John Laughlan reached the summit after 15 days of climbing on June 30 and July 1.
- 1987 an alpine-style attempt on the Hummingbird Ridge ended with the deaths of Catherine Freer (US), North America's strongest female alpinist, and David Cheesmond from South Africa and Canada, considered among the best alpinists in the world, when a snow cornice broke.
- 1992 June 6, an expedition sponsored by the Royal Canadian Geographic Society confirmed the height of Mount Logan using GPS. The leader was Michael Schmidt, with Lisel Currie, Leo Nadeay, Charlie Roots, J-C. Lavergne, Roger Laurilla, Pat Morrow, Karl Nagy, Sue Gould, Alan Björn, Lloyd Freese, Kevin McLaughlin and Rick Staley.
Following the death of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, a close friend of Trudeau's, considered renaming the mountain Mount Trudeau; however, opposition from Yukoners, mountaineers, geologists, Trudeau's political critics, and many other Canadians forced the plan to be dropped. A mountain in British Columbia's Premier Range was named Mount Pierre Elliott Trudeau instead.
May 2005 rescue
During the last few days of May 2005, three climbers from the North Shore Search and Rescue team of North Vancouver became stranded on the mountain. A joint operation by Canadian and American forces rescued the three climbers and took them to Anchorage, Alaska for treatment of frostbite.
- List of mountain peaks of North America
- List of elevation extremes by country
- "Mount Logan". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- "Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut Ultra-Prominences". Perklist.org. Retrieved 2015-03-25.
- "Mount Logan". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Kluane National Park and Reserve of Canada". Parks Canada. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Mount Logan". Geological Survey of Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- "Mount Logan: Canadian Titan". Virtual Museum of Canada. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
- "Philippe Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Logan East Peak (Stuart Peak)". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Houston's Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Prospector Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "AINA Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Russell Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Tudor Peak (Logan North Peak)". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Saxon Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Queen Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Capet Peak (Northwest Peak)". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Catenary Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Teddy Peak". Bivouac.com. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- "Conquering Mount Logan". Parks Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- Sherman pp. 1–38
- Selters pp. 170–171
- Selters pp. 179-182
- Scott pp. 319–320
- Down, Michael (1980). "Climbs and Expeditions". American Alpine Journal. New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club. 22 (53): 559. ISSN 0065-6925.
- Jotterand, Raymond (1980). "Climbs and Expeditions". American Alpine Journal. New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club. 22 (53): 557–559. ISSN 0065-6925.
- Selters p. 312
- Sept/Oct. Canadian Geographic. 1992.
- "Mount Logan to become Mount Trudeau". CBC News. October 5, 2000. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- "Highest peak to be Trudeau Mountain". Globe and Mail. October 5, 2000. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- "ACC Accident report for May 2005". Alpine Club of Canada - Edmonton section. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
- Irving, R. L. G. (1940). Ten Great Mountains. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. [The climbing history up to 1939 of Mount Logan, Snowdon, Ben Nevis, Ushba, Everest, Nanga Parbat, Kanchenjunga, the Matterhorn, Aoraki/Mount Cook and Mont Blanc.]
- Roper, Steve; Steck, Allen (1979). Fifty Classic Climbs of North America. San Francisco, CA, USA: Sierra Club Books. pp. 179–182. ISBN 0-87156-292-8.
- Scott, Chic (2000). Pushing the Limits, The Story of Canadian Mountaineering. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Rocky Mountain Books. ISBN 0-921102-59-3. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- Selters, Andy (2004). Ways to the Sky. Golden, CO, USA: American Alpine Club Press. ISBN 0-930410-83-1.
- Sherman, Paddy (1965). Cloud Walkers - Six Climbs on Major Canadian Peaks. Toronto, Canada: Macmillan of Canada. Lib Congress Cat# 65-25069.
- Mount Logan on Peakware - photos
- Map showing location of Mount Logan in the Saint Elias Range
- 2009 Trip Report
- Mount Logan Canadian Titan - Virtual Museum of Canada