Matavanu erupting, 1906
|Elevation||575 m (1,886 ft) |
|Location||Savai'i Island in Samoa|
|Last eruption||1905 - 1911|
The eruptions began 4 August 1905 and stopped in November 1911. The lava flowed over 40 square miles (100 km2) of countryside to the lagoon and reef, destroying villages in its path between Samalae'ulu to the east and Saleaula to the west. The depth of the lava flow in some parts was 400 feet.
Due to the destruction of their homes by the seaside, some of the villages relocated further inland by the main island road.
There are church ruins as well a 'Virgin's Grave', the burial place of a girl where the molten lava flowed around rather than over it.
Topographical map of the Savai'i - published 1910, shewing the lava fields since 1905
- "Mt Matavanu, Samoa". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2014-04-28.
- "Samoa - Savai'i". Oceandots.com. 2002-06-16. Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- "Savai'i". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2014-12-31.
- "Samoa Tourism Authority : Map". Samoa.travel. 2000-10-30. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- "Lava Field". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2014-04-12.