Mt Merbabu viewed from Salatiga
|Elevation||3,145 m (10,318 ft) |
|Prominence||2,432 m (7,979 ft) |
|Translation||Mountain of ash (Indonesian)|
|Mountain type||Dormant stratovolcano|
|Easiest route||Hike starting near Kopeng|
Mount Merbabu (Indonesian: Gunung Merbabu) is a dormant stratovolcano in Central Java province on the Indonesian island of Java. The name Merbabu could be loosely translated as 'Mountain of Ash' from the Javanese combined words; Meru means "mountain" and awu or abu means "ash".
The active volcano Mount Merapi is directly adjacent on its south-east side, while the city of Salatiga is located on its northern foothills. A 1,500m high broad saddle lies between Merbabu and Merapi, the site of the village of Selo and highly fertile farming land.
There are two peaks; Syarif (3,119 m) and Kenteng Songo (3,145 m). Three U-shaped radial valleys extend from the Kenteng Songo summit in northwesterly, northeastly and southeastly directions.
Geologically recent eruptions originated from a North Northwest-South Southeast fissure system that cut across the summit and fed the large-volume lava flows from Kopeng and Kajor craters on the northern and southern flanks, respectively.
Merbabu can be climbed from several routes originating from the town of Kopeng on the north east sideside, and also from Selo on the southern side. A climb from Kopeng to Kenteng Songo takes between 8 and 10 hours.
- "Mountains of the Indonesian Archipelago" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- Global Volcanism Program | Merbabu | Summary. Volcano.si.edu. Retrieved on 2010-11-05.
- Global Volcanism Program | Merbabu | Eruptive History. Volcano.si.edu. Retrieved on 2010-11-05.
- Simkin, T., and Siebert, L., 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.
- Lestari Hutan Indonesia. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Pusat Vulkanologi & Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia.