Mount Meru (Tanzania)

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The Mount Meru
Mount Meru, 2012.jpg
The Mount Meru in the year 2012.
Highest point
Elevation4,562.13 m (14,967.6 ft) [1]
Prominence3,170 m (10,400 ft) [1]
Ranked 72nd
Isolation70 kilometres (43 mi)
ListingUltra
Coordinates3°14′48″S 36°44′54″E / 3.24667°S 36.74833°E / -3.24667; 36.74833Coordinates: 3°14′48″S 36°44′54″E / 3.24667°S 36.74833°E / -3.24667; 36.74833[1]
Geography
The Mount Meru is located in Tanzania
The Mount Meru
The Mount Meru
Location in Tanzania
LocationArusha Region, Tanzania
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionOctober to December 1910[2]
Climbing
First ascent1904 by Fritz Jäger[3]
Easiest routeHike

Mount Meru is a dormant stratovolcano located 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro in the country of Tanzania. At a height of 4,562.13 metres (14,968 ft),[1][4] it is visible from Mount Kilimanjaro on a clear day,[5] and is the fifth-highest mountain in Africa, dependent on definition.

Mount Meru is located just north of the city of Arusha, in the Arusha Region of Tanzania. It is the second-highest mountain in Tanzania, after Mount Kilimanjaro. The Momella route – which starts at Momella gate, on the eastern side of the mountain – is used to climb Mount Meru.[6]

Much of its bulk was lost about 8,000[citation needed] years ago due to an eastward volcanic blast, similar to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in the U.S. state of Washington. Mount Meru most recently had a minor eruption in 1910.[2] The several small cones and craters seen in the vicinity probably reflect numerous episodes of volcanic activity. Mount Meru's caldera is 2.2 miles (3.5 km) wide.[7]

Mount Meru is the topographic centerpiece of Arusha National Park. Its fertile slopes rise above the surrounding savanna and support a forest that hosts diverse wildlife, including nearly 400 species of birds, and also monkeys and leopards.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Africa Ultra-Prominences Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  2. ^ a b "Meru". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  3. ^ Mount Meru at SummitPost.org
  4. ^ "Mount Meru, Tanzania". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  5. ^ A view of Mount Meru from Mount Kilimanjaro
  6. ^ Tanzania travel guide (6 ed.). Lonely Planet. June 2015. p. 168. ISBN 978-1742207797.
  7. ^ "Meru, Tanzania". Retrieved 24 September 2018.

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