Mount Nyenchen Tanglha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mount Nyenchen Tanglha
Nyainqêntanglha Feng, Nyenchen Thanglha, Nyenchentangla, Nyanchen Thanglha, Nyainchentanglha
Highest point
Elevation 7,162 m (23,497 ft) [1]
Prominence 2,239 m (7,346 ft) [2]
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 30°22′03″N 90°35′06″E / 30.36750°N 90.58500°E / 30.36750; 90.58500Coordinates: 30°22′03″N 90°35′06″E / 30.36750°N 90.58500°E / 30.36750; 90.58500[2]
Mount Nyenchen Tanglha is located in Tibet
Mount Nyenchen Tanglha
Mount Nyenchen Tanglha
Location within Tibet, China
Location Damxung County, Tibet, China
Parent range Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains
First ascent 8 May 1986 by a Japanese expedition
Easiest route Glacier/snow/ice climb

Mount Nyenchen Tanglha[3][4][5] (officially Nyainqêntanglha Feng; Tibetan: གཉན་ཆེན་ཐང་ལྷ་Wylie: Gnyan-chen-thang-lha; Chinese: 念青唐古拉峰, Pinyin: Niànqīng Tánggǔlā Fēng) is the highest peak of Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains, which together with the Gangdise range forms the Transhimalaya.


Mount Nyenchen Tanglha is located in the western part of the range on the watershed between the Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra River) to the south and the endorheic basins of the Changtang to the north. In particular, it lies to the south of Namtso Lake. It belongs to Damxung County in the Prefecture of Lhasa of Tibet.


In Tibetan mythology Nyenchen Tanglha is considered the most influential deity in a large part of northern Tibet. In his mortal form he is shown riding a white horse, wearing a satin dress and holding a horse whip in one hand and a Buddhist rosary in the other.[6] He is considered to be a bodhisattva on the eighth level, and is a protector of the teachings of the Nyingma tradition.[7] Nyenchen Tanglha is the subject of many fairy tales and folklore.

The three main summits of Nyenchen Tanglha[edit]

With an elevation of 7,162m, Nyenchen Tanglha is the highest mountain of the Transhimalayan range. It has a topographic prominence of 2,239m and its parent mountain is Gurla Mandhata located 890 km east. Key saddle is at 4,923m (30°25'57"N 81°37'28"E) near the spring of Yarlung Tsangpo River (Brahamaputra).

Nyenchen Tanglha has three main summits above 7,000m, located on a northwest-southeast ridge. All three main summits were climbed between 1986 and 1995.

Mountain Height (m) Coordinates Prominence (m) Parent mountain First ascent
Nyenchen Tanglha I 7,162 30°23′26″N 90°33′49″E / 30.39056°N 90.56361°E / 30.39056; 90.56361 2,239 Gurla Mandhata 8 May 1986
Nyenchen Tanglha II 7,117 30°22′15″N 90°35′03″E / 30.37083°N 90.58417°E / 30.37083; 90.58417 189 Nyenchen Tanglha I 28 July 1989
Nyenchen Tanglha III 7,046 30°22′06″N 90°36′03″E / 30.36833°N 90.60083°E / 30.36833; 90.60083 253 Nyenchen Tanglha II 22 August 1995

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Nyainqêntanglha Feng, China". Retrieved 2011-11-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Tibet - Xizang Ultra-Prominences". Retrieved 2011-11-24.  Listed as "Nyainqêntanglha Feng".
  3. ^ Dorje, Gyurme (1999). Tibet (3rd ed.). Bath, UK: Footprint. ISBN 1-903471-30-3. 
  4. ^ Chan, Victor (1994). Tibet Handbook: A Pilgrimage Guide. Moon Publications. 
  5. ^ The Alpine Journal (web archive)
  6. ^ Yuan, Kunga & Li 2014, p. 122.
  7. ^ Tsogyal 2004, p. 272.