Mount Olivet Cemetery (Nashville)
Mount Olivet Cemetery
|Location||1101 Lebanon Pike|
|NRHP reference No.||05001334|
|Added to NRHP||November 25, 2005|
Mount Olivet Cemetery is a 206-acre (83 ha) cemetery located in Nashville, Tennessee. It is located approximately two miles East of downtown Nashville, and adjacent to the Catholic Calvary Cemetery. It is open to the public during daylight hours.
The Mount Olivet Cemetery was established by Adrian Van Sinderen Lindsley and John Buddeke in 1856. It was modelled after the Mount Auburn Cemetery. In the 1870s, a chapel designed in the Gothic Revival architectural style by Hugh Cathcart Thompson was built as an office.
The Southern aristocracy was buried in a separate section from common folks. These included planters as well as former governors of Tennessee, U.S. Senators, and U.S. Congressional Representatives. In the antebellum era, slaves were often buried near their owners.
Visitors to Nashville were buried alongside paupers.
After the American Civil War, "the Ladies Memorial Society of Nashville with surviving Confederate veterans such as William B. Bate, Daniel Carter, General Benjamin Cheatham, and Thomas Harding purchased 26,588 square feet in the center of Mount Olivet and established Confederate Circle" for the interment of Confederate dead. It was used for the interment of Confederate soldiers who had died on nearby battlegrounds and as a memorial to their sacrifice. Women organized such memorial associations and raised money for interment of Confederate soldiers in major cities across the South and areas where there were concentrations of bodies. The memorial association arranged for burials of about 1,500 soldiers at Confederate Circle. They also built an obelisk.
World War I and beyond
The cemetery was purchased by Stewart Enterprises in 1994.
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- Adelicia Acklen, plantation and slave owner.
- Oswald Avery, acclaimed scientist whose experiments proved that DNA is the substance that carried genes.
- John Meredith Bass, Mayor of Nashville from 1833 to 1834, and again in 1869.
- William B. Bate, Governor of Tennessee (1883 to 1887), American Civil War general.
- Fannie Battle, Confederate spy and social reformer
- John Bell, United States Senator and presidential candidate
- Aaron V. Brown, Governor of Tennessee (1845 to 1847), United States Postmaster General from 1857 to 1859
- James Stephens Brown, Mayor of Nashville from 1908 to 1909
- Lytle Brown, major general in the U.S. Army
- George P. Buell, Union Army general
- Joseph Wellington Byrns, United States Congressman and Speaker of the House
- John Catron, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
- Benjamin F. ("Frank") Cheatham, Confederate general during the American Civil War.
- Mark R. Cockrill (1788-1872), cattleman, planter, and "Wool King of the World".
- Clarence Kelley Colley (1869-1956), architect.
- Washington Bogart Cooper (1802–1888), painter.
- George A. Dickel (1818–1894), liquor dealer and wholesaler
- Anne Dallas Dudley (1876–1955), women's suffrage activist.
- Guilford Dudley, U.S. ambassador to Denmark under the Nixon and Ford presidential administrations.
- George Dury (1817-1894), portrait painter
- Edward H. East (1830–1904), Tennessee Secretary of State, briefly served as the state's "acting governor" in 1865
- Joseph Thorpe Elliston (1779-1856), silversmith, owner of the Burlington plantation, fourth mayor of Nashville from 1814 to 1817
- Sarah Polk Fall (1847-1924) Nashville socialite and unofficially adopted daughter of former first Lady Sarah Polk
- Jesse Babcock Ferguson, onetime minister of the Nashville Church of Christ, later associated with Spiritualism and Universalism
- Thomas Frist, co-founder of Hospital Corporation of America and father of the former majority leader of the U.S. Senate, Bill Frist
- Francis Furman (1816–1899), Nashville businessman during the Reconstruction era. His tomb, designed by sculptor Johannes Gelert (1852–1923), is the largest one in Mount Olivet Cemetery.
- Sidney Clarence Garrison (1885-1945), second President of Peabody College (now part of Vanderbilt University) from 1938 to 1945
- Meredith Poindexter Gentry, United States Congressman
- Carl Giers, early photographer
- Alvan Cullem Gillem, Civil War Union general and post-bellum Indian fighter
- Caroline Meriwether Goodlett, co-founder of the United Daughters of the Confederacy
- Vern Gosdin 1934–2009 country music legend
- William Crane Gray, (1835–1919), First Episcopal Bishop of the Missionary Jurisdiction of Southern Florida
- Felix Grundy (1775–1840), U.S. Senator from Tennessee and 13th Attorney General of the United States.
- George Blackmore Guild (1834–1917), Mayor of Nashville from 1891 to 1895.
- Robert Kennon Hargrove (1829–1905), a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
- Henry C. Hibbs (1882–1949), architect.
- E. Bronson Ingram, founder of Ingram Industries Inc., parent company of Ingram Barge Company; Ingram Book Company, the nation's largest book distributor; Ingram Micro; and other major companies
- Howell Edmunds Jackson, United States Senator and Supreme Court Justice
- William Hicks Jackson, Confederate general during the American Civil War
- Thomas A. Kercheval, Tennessee State Senator and Mayor of Nashville
- Eugene C. Lewis, engineer, chairman of the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis, civic leader.
- David Lipscomb, founder of Nashville Bible School (now Lipscomb University).
- William Litterer (1834–1917), Mayor of Nashville from 1890 to 1891.
- George Maney, Confederate Civil War general and U.S. Ambassador to Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay
- Jack C. Massey, co-founder of Hospital Corporation of America and owner of Kentucky Fried Chicken.
- Hill McAlister, Governor of Tennessee from 1933 to 1937
- Randal William McGavock (1826–1863), Mayor of Nashville from 1858 to 1859 and Confederate Lt. Colonel who was killed in the Battle of Raymond.
- Eliza Jane McKissack (1828–1900), founding head of music in 1890 to the forerunner of the University of North Texas College of Music
- Benton McMillin, Governor of Tennessee (1899 to 1903)
- Kindred Jenkins Morris (1819–1884), Mayor of Nashville from 1869 to 1871.
- Thomas Owen Morris (1845–1924), Mayor of Nashville from 1906 to 1908.
- John W. Morton, Confederate veteran, founder of the Nashville chapter of the Ku Klux Klan, Tennessee Secretary of State from 1901 to 1909.
- William Nichol (1800–1878), Mayor of Nashville from 1835 to 1837.
- John Overton, friend of Andrew Jackson and one of the founders of Memphis, Tennessee.
- Andrew Price (politician) (1854-1909), Louisiana Congressman
- Bruce Ryburn Payne (1874-1937), founding president of Peabody College (now part of Vanderbilt University) from 1911 to 1937.
- Colonel Buckner H. Payne (1799-1889), clergyman, publisher, merchant and racist pamphleteer.
- Fountain E. Pitts (1808-1874), Methodist minister, Confederate chaplain and colonel, first pastor of the West End United Methodist Church in Nashville.
- James E. Rains, American Civil War general killed in the 1862 Battle of Murfreesboro
- Oliver P. Rood, American Civil War soldier, Medal of Honor recipient
- Fred Rose, music publishing executive
- Thomas "Tom" Ryman (1841-1904) Nashville riverboat captain and founder of the Ryman Auditorium
- William Percy Sharpe (1871–1942), Mayor of Nashville from 1922 to 1924
- John Hugh Smith (1819–1870), Mayor of Nashville three times during the 19th century
- Donald W. Southgate (1887-1953), architect
- Edward Bushrod Stahlman (1843-1930), German-born railroad executive, publisher of the Nashville Banner and builder of The Stahlman.
- Ernest Stoneman, country music performer
- Wilbur Fisk Tillett (1854-1936), Methodist clergyman and educator; dean of Vanderbilt's theology school
- George D. Waller (1883-1969), architect.
- David K. Wilson (1919-2007), businessman and philanthropist; major donor to Vanderbilt University and the Republican Party
- Del Wood (1920-1989), country musician, member of the Grand Ole Opry
- "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Mount Olivet Cemetery". National Park Service. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- Meyer, Holly (January 26, 2015). "Fire burns historic Mt. Olivet chapel". The Tennessean. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- Drew Gilpin Faust, The Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War, New York: Vintage Civil War Library, 2009, pp. 241-244
- Phillips, Betsy (October 11, 2011). "The Confederate Cemetery Tour at Mt. Olivet". Nashville Scene. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- "Friends of Metropolitan Archives of Nashville and Davidson County, TN". Archived from the original on 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- "Fannie Battle Day Home Records, ca. 1905 - ca. 1998 (bulk 1905 - 19 72 )" (PDF). Finding Aids. Nashville Public Library. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "Clarence Kelly "C. K." Colley". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
- Estill Curtis Pennington, Lessons in Likeness: Portrait Painters in Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley, 1802–1920 : Featuring Works from Filson Historical Society, Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2011, p. 122 
- "Elliston, Joseph Thorp (1779-1856)". Tennessee Portrait Project. National Society of Colonial Dames of America in Tennessee. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- Copeland, J. Isaac (January 1, 1986). "Garrison, Sidney Clarence". NCPedia.org. State Library of North Carolina. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- Logsdon, David R. (December 25, 2009). "Erskine Bronson Ingram". The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History & Culture. Tennessee Historical Society and the University of Tennessee Press. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- "Entrepreneur Jack Massey dead at 75". The Tennessean. February 16, 1990. pp. 1, 8. Retrieved December 17, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "John W. Morton Funeral Here". The Tennessean. November 22, 1914. p. 2. Retrieved September 25, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Copeland, J. Isaac (June 12, 2010). "Payne, Bruce Ryburn". NCPedia.org. State Library of North Carolina. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "Death of Col. Buckner H. Payne". The New York Times. June 8, 1883. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- "ELDER FOUNTAIN E. PITTS. The Last Sad Rites over the Honored Dead". Nashville Union and American. May 26, 1874. p. 4. Retrieved December 11, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "D. W. Southgate, 65,". The Jackson Sun. February 9, 1953. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.
- "E. B. STAHLMAN, PUBLISHERS' DEAN, DIES. NASHVILLE BANNER OWNER FAMED NEWSPAPER FIGURE. Was Conspicuous many Years in Railroad Circles. Burial to take Place Wednesday. Had Remarkable Career Throughout Life". The Leaf-Chronicle. Clarksville, Tennessee. August 12, 1930. pp. 1–2 – via Newspapers.com.
- "George Waller Rites Tomorrow". The Tennessean. December 20, 1969. p. 21. Retrieved December 29, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Willis, Ridley, II (1993). A Walking Tour of Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Nashville, Tennessee: The Cemetery. OCLC 29231889.
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