Mount Paiko

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Mount Paiko
Paiakpl031.jpg
A view of Mount Paiko
Highest point
Elevation1,650 m (5,410 ft) [1]
Coordinates40°57′11.51″N 22°20′8.98″E / 40.9531972°N 22.3358278°E / 40.9531972; 22.3358278Coordinates: 40°57′11.51″N 22°20′8.98″E / 40.9531972°N 22.3358278°E / 40.9531972; 22.3358278[2]
Geography
Mount Paiko is located in Greece
Mount Paiko
Mount Paiko
Location of Mount Paiko
LocationGreece
Parent rangeCentral Macedonia

Mountain Paiko or Pajak in Bulgarian and Macedonian is a small mountain range (surface area: 399 km2[3]) that lies on the border of the Pella and Kilkis regional units in Central Macedonia, Greece.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Morphologically, Paiko is a curvy extension to the north east of the adjacent Voras mountain range. Together they surround the plain of Aridea. East and south of Paiko are the plains of the Vardar (Axios) river and the plains of Giannitsa respectively.

The highest peaks are Skra (1,097 m (3,599 ft)), Tsouma (1,219 m (3,999 ft)), Vertopia (1,490 m (4,890 ft)), Pirgos (1,494 m (4,902 ft)), Kadasti (1,607 m (5,272 ft)) and Ghola Tsouka (1,650 m (5,410 ft)). Pirgos, Vertopia and Kadasti surround a large plateau (formerly native grassland) at altitude around 1,200 m (3,900 ft). Most areas of the plateau are residential or cultivated.[5][6]

Geology[edit]

Paiko is composed of igneous and sedimentary rocks, mainly carbonatite and ophiolite. Sedimentary rocks are found mostly in the north eastern areas.[6][7]

Hydrology[edit]

Skra lake and waterfalls
Platanus forest

Paiko is rich in surface and underground bodies of water, often potable. Springs exist at the foothills and small wetlands, connected by several streams, can be found at high altitudes. Two waterfalls and a lagoon of blue-green waters are located near the Skra peak.[6][5][8]

East of the mountain is a small artificial lake (Lake Metalleiou) 35 m deep and of circumference around 4 km.[9]

Life[edit]

Flora[edit]

The vegetation of Paiko is considered lush.[5] Large trees include:[5][10][11][12]

Smaller plants and fungi include:[5]

Fauna[edit]

Beside mammals (deer, rabbits) and vultures, notable animals include:[6]

At Lake Metalleiou humans have introduced trout. Fishing is allowed under controlled conditions.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.goumenissa.gr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=173&Itemid=241
  4. ^ Google Earth
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://www.e-city.gr/kilkis/home/view/1302.php
  8. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-27. Retrieved 2010-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ http://www.agrotravel.gr/agro/site/AgroTopics/t_docpage?sparam=interests&doc=/Documents/Agrotravel/learnabout/Kilkis/limnimetalleiou&sub_nav=LearnAbout
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ http://www.nagref.gr/journals/de/de19_59.pdf
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ http://www.ethnos.gr/article.asp?catid=11900&subid=2&pubid=5454851
  14. ^ http://news.kathimerini.gr/4dcgi/_w_articles_ell_2_19/03/2005_137790