Mount Pangulubao

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mount Pangulubao
Highest point
Elevation 2,151 m (7,057 ft) [1]
Location Sumatra, Indonesia

Mount Pangulubao or Pangulubau (Indonesian: Gunung Pangulubao) is a mountain near Lake Toba in Sumatra.

Mount Pangulubao is notable for its large number of native tropical pitcher plant species. These include Nepenthes ampullaria, Nepenthes gymnamphora, Nepenthes mikei, Nepenthes ovata, Nepenthes rhombicaulis, Nepenthes spectabilis, and Nepenthes tobaica.[2][3][4] The natural hybrid Nepenthes × pangulubauensis is named after it.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Lake Toba: Experience and Lessons Learned Brief" (PDF).  (613 KiB)
  2. ^ Salmon, B.R. & R.G. Maulder 1995. Two New Species of Nepenthes from North Sumatra, Indonesia. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 24(3): 77–85.
  3. ^ Clarke, C.M. 2001. Nepenthes of Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  4. ^ Clarke, C.[M.] 1997. Another nice trip to Sumatra. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 26(1): 4–10.

Coordinates: 2°35′52″N 99°03′55″E / 2.59778°N 99.06528°E / 2.59778; 99.06528