Mount Pocono, Pennsylvania

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Borough of Mount Pocono
Mount Pocono Knob Lookout, looking east toward Delaware Water Gap.
Mount Pocono Knob Lookout, looking east toward Delaware Water Gap.
Location of Mount Pocono in Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Mount Pocono in Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
Mount Pocono is located in Pennsylvania
Mount Pocono
Mount Pocono
Location of Mount Pocono in Pennsylvania
Mount Pocono is located in the United States
Mount Pocono
Mount Pocono
Mount Pocono (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°07′23″N 75°21′34″W / 41.12306°N 75.35944°W / 41.12306; -75.35944Coordinates: 41°07′23″N 75°21′34″W / 41.12306°N 75.35944°W / 41.12306; -75.35944
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyMonroe
Incorporated1927
Government
 • MayorMichael Penn (D)[1]
Area
 • Total3.46 sq mi (8.95 km2)
 • Land3.45 sq mi (8.95 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
1,988 ft (606 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,170
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,119
 • Density903.01/sq mi (348.66/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
18344
Area code(s)570 and 272
FIPS code42-51912
Websitemountpocono-pa.gov

Mount Pocono is a borough in Monroe County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is located nearly centered in the southernmost county of five in the northeast corner that are part of the Poconos Mountains region of the state. The borough serves as a local highway nexus, and sees a lot of tourist traffic making use of resources in the region.

As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 3,170 residents.

Geography[edit]

The town of Mount Pocono is located at 41°7′23″N 75°21′34″W / 41.12306°N 75.35944°W / 41.12306; -75.35944 (41.123012, −75.359574),[4] and is nearly centered in Monroe County—the most southerly and centered county of the five counties containing portions of the Pocono Mountains of Northeastern Pennsylvania. The region's valleys includes left bank tributaries of the Lehigh River in the southern half, and as the mountain ranges narrow closer to New York, are instead drained by left bank tributaries of the Susquehanna River. To the east, all Poconos ridge lines drain into the Delaware River or right bank tributaries of the Delaware.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.0 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930466
194064839.1%
1950619−4.5%
196093551.1%
19701,0199.0%
19801,23721.4%
19901,79545.1%
20002,74252.8%
20103,17015.6%
2019 (est.)3,119[3]−1.6%
Sources:[5][6][7]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 3,170 people, 1,225 households, and 793 families residing in the borough. The population density was 792.2 people per square mile (306.0/km2). There were 1,417 housing units at an average density of 358.0 per square mile (138.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 58.6% White, 18.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.7% of the population.

There were 1,225 households, out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. Of all households 20.9% were made up of individuals, and 29.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.0 years.

Public education[edit]

The Pocono Mountain School District (PMSD) is the public school system for students living in Mount Pocono. The PMSD is divided into two parts, the East and the West districts. Mount Pocono is the East district, comprising Pocono Mountain East High School for grades 9 - 12, Pocono Mountain East Junior High School serving students in the seventh and eighth grades, Swiftwater Intermediate School for grades 4, 5, and 6, and students from kindergarten through third grade attend the Swiftwater Elementary Center. The PMSD also offers the PMSD Cyber Program, a comprehensive cyber school alternative for grades k-12. The program is free to all students in the district

Transportation[edit]

Mt. Pocono station, D.L. & W.R.R., c. 1895

Railroad[edit]

The main line of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad passed through the southern end of the borough, providing access from New York City via the terminal at Hoboken, New Jersey. A passenger station was built at the crossing of Pennsylvania Route 611 in 1886. Most of the station was demolished in 1937 when the highway was widened. Regular passenger service to the borough ended in 1965.[8] The D., L. & W. tracks now carry freight trains of the Delaware-Lackawanna Railroad and an occasional excursion train from Steamtown National Historic Site.[9]

Bus[edit]

The Monroe County Transit Authority (MCTA) serves Monroe County with five bus routes. The Authority's Blue Route serves Mount Pocono's Main Street (Pocono Blvd.) with northbound service to Tobyhanna and southbound service to Tannersville and the Stroud Mall. Connections to other MCTA routes are provided at the Stroud Mall.[10] Martz Trailways and Greyhound Lines provide intercity bus service to Mount Pocono at the Martz Express bus station, with Martz Trailways connecting Mount Pocono with the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City and Greyhound Lines connecting Mount Pocono with the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal in Philadelphia and Scranton.[11][12]

Air[edit]

Pocono Mountains Municipal Airport is located two miles north of the borough.

Media[edit]

The Pocono Record is a daily newspaper in the Poconos. Its coverage area centers on Stroudsburg and East Stroudsburg and will occasionally cover Mount Pocono news. It currently has fewer than 60 subscribers in Mount Pocono. It is part of the Gannett/USA Today network.

The Journal of the Pocono Plateau, is a publication of the Journal Newspapers in White Haven, Pennsylvania. It has covered Tobyhanna Township, Coolbaugh Township, and Mount Pocono Borough for over twenty years. The community newspaper is published monthly or bi-monthly at various times of the year and is distributed free at grocery stores and restaurants in the area.

The Boro* community newspaper was originally established in 2018 as an online news and information site for Mount Pocono Borough residents. In February 2020, it began printing a monthly newspaper. In July 2020, it expanded coverage to include adjacent Coolbaugh and Tobyhanna Townships. The Boro* is delivered by mail to every home and business in Mount Pocono and distributed at nearly 100 controlled distribution sites throughout the area. Starting in September 2020 it plans to publish every other week and expand mailing to include residents of Tobyhanna and Coolbaugh.

History[edit]

Early 19th-century settlers used the area for lumbering. The "New Mount Pocono" post office was established in 1848. The town's name was changed in 1864 to "Forks", because of its five-way intersection where Pennsylvania Route 611 and Pennsylvania Route 940 cross and Pennsylvania Route 196 begins. The name was changed again in 1886 to "Mount Pocono". The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad provided transportation from New York City and Philadelphia. Mount Pocono quickly developed as a summer resort, advertising clean mountain air, spring water, luxury hotels and excellent fishing.[13]

Initially, the town was part of Coolbaugh Township. In 1927, Mount Pocono borough was incorporated on its own.[14]

The boom times lasted into the mid-20th century. Most of the resort hotels burned or closed, and passenger service to the town ended in 1965.

Mount Airy Lodge in nearby Paradise Township grew into an 895-room mega-resort. In the mid- and late-20th century it was a popular honeymoon destination, famous for its heart-shaped bathtubs.[15] It closed in 2001, and was demolished. Casino gambling in Pennsylvania became legal in 2004. Mount Airy Casino Resort was built on the Mount Airy Lodge's lakeside site, and opened in 2007.[16]

Resort hotels[edit]

  • Pine Hill Lodge (c. 1875, still in business).[17]
  • Pocono Mountain House (1878, burned 1973), 250 guest rooms.[18]
  • Princess Poconita Resort (1880). Now Whispering Hills Motel.[19]
  • Pocohasset House (demolished 1938), 100 guest rooms.
  • Ontwood Resort (c. 1890s, burned 1979), 150 guest rooms.
  • Mount Pleasant House (burned 1968), 150 guests.[20]
  • Mount Airy Lodge (1898, closed 2001, demolished).[21] At its peak in the 1960s, the hotel had 895 guest rooms.
  • Montanesca Hotel (1901, burned 1911), 125 guest rooms.
  • The Meadowside (burned 1926).
  • Hawthorne Inn (1909, demolished).[22]
  • Strickland's Mountain Inn (c. 1900, demolished 2007).[23] Began as The Elvin, sold to Strickland in 1945.
  • Devonshire Pines (1912, demolished), 200 guest rooms.
  • The Belmont (burned 1963).

Currently, Mount Pocono serves as the commercial center for the northern part of Monroe County. Stores from national and regional chains such as Lowe's, Walmart, Weis Markets, and others are in the Borough. Local businesses include the Casino Theatre, the Village Trader, the Pioneer Diner. Many businesses are members of the Mount Pocono Association (formerly, the Mount Pocono Business Association).[24]

Climate[edit]

According to the Trewartha climate classification system, Mount Pocono has a Temperate Continental climate (Dc) with warm summers (b), cold winters (o) and year-around precipitation (Dcbo). Dcbo climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (0 °C), four to seven months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10 °C), all months with an average mean temperature < 72.0 °F (22 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are comfortably humid in Mount Pocono, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 93 °F (34 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 94.0 °F (34 °C) on 07/22/2011, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 70.7 °F (22 °C) on 08/01/2006. July is the peak month for thunderstorm activity which correlates with the average warmest month of the year. The average wettest month is October with added rainfall from tropical storm remnants during the Atlantic hurricane season. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.81 inches (173 mm) on 09/30/2010. During the winter months, the plant hardiness zone is 5b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −10.1 °F (−23 °C).[25] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −21.6 °F (−30 °C) on 01/21/1994. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −22 °F (−30 °C). The average snowiest month is January which correlates with the average coldest month of the year. Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches (30 cm) of snow occur nearly every year, particularly during nor’easters from December through March.

Climate data for Mount Pocono, Elevation 1749 ft (533 m), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2018
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61.7
(16.5)
72.1
(22.3)
81.2
(27.3)
87.3
(30.7)
89.6
(32.0)
89.9
(32.2)
94.0
(34.4)
92.2
(33.4)
90.3
(32.4)
82.3
(27.9)
74.7
(23.7)
66.1
(18.9)
94.0
(34.4)
Average high °F (°C) 31.3
(−0.4)
34.7
(1.5)
42.8
(6.0)
55.6
(13.1)
66.6
(19.2)
74.4
(23.6)
78.5
(25.8)
77.1
(25.1)
70.0
(21.1)
58.5
(14.7)
47.3
(8.5)
35.4
(1.9)
56.1
(13.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 23.1
(−4.9)
25.8
(−3.4)
33.3
(0.7)
44.9
(7.2)
55.4
(13.0)
63.7
(17.6)
68.1
(20.1)
66.8
(19.3)
59.8
(15.4)
48.5
(9.2)
38.8
(3.8)
27.8
(−2.3)
46.4
(8.0)
Average low °F (°C) 14.9
(−9.5)
16.8
(−8.4)
23.8
(−4.6)
34.2
(1.2)
44.2
(6.8)
53.0
(11.7)
57.7
(14.3)
56.6
(13.7)
49.6
(9.8)
38.5
(3.6)
30.3
(−0.9)
20.2
(−6.6)
36.7
(2.6)
Record low °F (°C) −21.6
(−29.8)
−13.6
(−25.3)
−6.6
(−21.4)
10.6
(−11.9)
27.0
(−2.8)
32.9
(0.5)
37.6
(3.1)
33.8
(1.0)
27.8
(−2.3)
17.2
(−8.2)
−0.7
(−18.2)
−14.8
(−26.0)
−21.6
(−29.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.73
(95)
3.37
(86)
4.45
(113)
4.56
(116)
4.71
(120)
4.90
(124)
4.71
(120)
4.42
(112)
5.21
(132)
5.60
(142)
4.45
(113)
4.48
(114)
54.59
(1,387)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 19.3
(49)
13.8
(35)
14.4
(37)
3.4
(8.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
3.6
(9.1)
11.6
(29)
66.2
(168)
Average relative humidity (%) 74.8 68.6 66.1 61.1 63.0 73.3 72.7 76.0 77.1 73.2 72.4 76.6 71.3
Average dew point °F (°C) 16.3
(−8.7)
16.9
(−8.4)
23.2
(−4.9)
32.3
(0.2)
43.0
(6.1)
55.0
(12.8)
59.0
(15.0)
59.0
(15.0)
52.6
(11.4)
40.3
(4.6)
30.7
(−0.7)
21.4
(−5.9)
37.6
(3.1)
Source: PRISM[26]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Mount Pocono would have a dominant vegetation type of Northern Hardwood (106) with a dominant vegetation form of Northern hardwood forest (26).[27] The peak spring bloom typically occurs in early-May and peak fall color usually occurs in early-October. The plant hardiness zone is 5b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −10.1 °F (−23 °C).[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Campbell, Patrick (3 October 2018). "Mount Pocono Borough appoints new mayor". Pocono Record. Retrieved 3 April 2019. After the departure of former mayor Frederick Courtright, borough council was left having to choose who would become Mount Pocono's next mayor. With a unanimous vote during Monday night’s meeting, Michael Penn was appointed to serve as mayor until January 2020.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-03-16.
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  8. ^ Mount Pocono Borough website
  9. ^ Alan Sweeney, Journey along the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (Tribute Books, 2007), p. 193.
  10. ^ http://www.gomcta.com/schedules.htm
  11. ^ "Daily Passenger Service Schedules" (PDF). Martz Group. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  12. ^ "Mount Pocono Pennsylvania Bus Station". Greyhound Lines. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  13. ^ "Many New Yorkers at Mount Pocono – Trout being sought", The New York Times, June 15, 1902.
  14. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930: Population. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1931. p. 951. Mount Pocono borough incorporated from part of Coolbaugh township in 1927
  15. ^ "The thrills are over at Mount Airy Lodge", The New York Times, October 31, 2001.
  16. ^ Mount Airy Casino Resort
  17. ^ Pine Hill Lodge from Explore PA History.
  18. ^ Pocono Haven from CardCow.
  19. ^ Whispering Hills Motel from Explore PA History.
  20. ^ Mount Pleasant House from CardCow.
  21. ^ Mount Airy Lodge from CardCow.
  22. ^ Hawthorne Inn and cottages from CardCow.
  23. ^ Strickland's Mountain Inn from CardCow.
  24. ^ http://mtpoconoassn.com/
  25. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  26. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  27. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved September 6, 2019.

External links[edit]