Mount Rainier, Maryland
Mount Rainier, Maryland
|Country||United States of America|
|• Mayor||Celina Benitez|
|• Total||0.64 sq mi (1.65 km2)|
|• Land||0.64 sq mi (1.65 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
|• Density||13,102.20/sq mi (5,056.25/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||301, 240|
|GNIS feature ID||0597787|
Mount Rainier // is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, bordering Washington D.C. The population was 8,333 at the 2020 census. Mount Rainier is contained between the Northwest Branch Anacostia River, Cedar Lane Alley, and 34th Street to the north, 37th Street and 37th Place to the northeast, Upshur Street and Queens Chapel Road to the west, the Cargo Train tracks to the east, and Eastern Avenue NE to the south. Mount Rainier got its start as a streetcar suburb, when tracks were laid for the 82 Streetcar Line. According to local tradition, surveyors from the Pacific Northwest named the town, giving the streets names such as Shasta and Cascade. Historic U.S. 1 runs through the center of the town and serves as the main street and central business district.
- Brentwood (to the north)
- Cottage City (to the east)
- Avondale (to the west)
- Hyattsville (to the northeast)
- Woodridge, Washington D.C. (to the south)
Mount Rainier is located at (38.941594, -76.963696).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||1,050||1,271||13.00%||15.25%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||4,116||3,300||50.94%||39.60%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||27||8||0.33%||0.10%|
|Asian alone (NH)||187||186||2.31%||2.23%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||2||7||0.02%||0.08%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||34||52||0.42%||0.62%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||128||308||1.58%||3.70%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||2,536||3,201||31.39%||38.41%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,080 people, 3,344 households, and 1,735 families residing in the city. The population density was 12,430.8 inhabitants per square mile (4,799.6/km2). There were 3,601 housing units at an average density of 5,540.0 per square mile (2,139.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 19.9% White, 52.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 20.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.4% of the population.
There were 3,344 households, of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.9% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.1% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.27.
The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 35.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 6.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,498 people, 3,487 households, and 1,858 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,038.5 people per square mile (5,047.8/km2). There were 3,756 housing units at an average density of 5,762.8 per square mile (2,231.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 20.20% White, 62.06% African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.65% from other races, and 4.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.30% of the population.
There were 3,487 households, out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.6% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 37.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,920, and the median income for a family was $39,060. Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $27,441 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,558. About 9.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.
Mount Rainier has attracted a significant gay and lesbian population. In 2000, same-sex couples accounted for 1.0 percent of households, almost double the national average.
Mount Rainier has a council-manager form of government with a city manager who oversees each of the city's departments and day-to-day operations of the city.
Mount Rainier's city council consists of five members, the mayor who runs city-wide, and four council members (two from each of the city's two wards). The current mayor is Celina Benitez (elected in 2021). The current Ward 1 council members are Luke Chesek (elected in 2017) and a currently open seat (due to the election of Celina Benitez as Mayor, who occupied this seat since 2019). The current Ward 2 council members are Jarrett Stoltzfuss (elected in 2021) and Scott Cecil (elected in 2019). The mayor and city council members serve four-year terms.
Schools that serve Mount Rainier include:
- Elementary schools:
- Hyattsville Middle School (in the city of Hyattsville)
- Northwestern High School (Hyattsville)
In the 1940s, when schools in PG County legally were segregated by race, black high school students attended Lakeland High School in College Park. Fairmont Heights High School, then near Fairmount Heights, replaced it in 1950. In 1964, legal racial segregation of PG County schools ended.
Roads and highways
U.S. 1 is a major north-south roadway running through Mount Rainier, serving as the main street in the downtown area. It leads to College Park and Baltimore to the north and Washington, D.C. to the south. Two other state highways serving Mount Rainier are Maryland Route 500 and Maryland Route 501, both of which skim the northwestern edge of the city.
Bus service in the city is operated by the WMATA Metrobus through several lines along US 1 and Maryland Route 500 (Queens Chapel Road). Additional bus service is provided by the Prince George's County Department of Public Works & Transportation (DPW&T) The Bus, which also has several lines along the smaller roads.
History of Mount Rainier
(Drawn from "History of Mount Rainier".)
In 1899, the streetcar lines were extended from Washington D.C. through Hyattsville, Maryland. The Mount Rainier stop was located at the intersection of what is now known as Rhode Island Avenue and 34th Street. It was called the District Line Station. With the stop at Mount Rainier, it was easier to attract developers and prospective buyers because now the city offered easy access to get into and out of Washington.
Houses started to be built near the District Line Station after 1902. The homes in Mount Rainier were considered affordable, ranging from $2,000 to $5,000.
The business district aggregated around the streetcar station. In addition to the station, there were shops, grocery stores, a barbershop, laundry, and dry good stores. The first post office was established in 1904.
In 1910, the residents in the area around the streetcar station petitioned the Maryland State Legislature to incorporate Mount Rainier, and the city was incorporated by a charter granted on April 14, 1910.
In January 1912, the Mount Rainier volunteer fire department was created. The fire department was first located in a frame building and later moved to a brick structure located on 34th at Shepherd St.
In 1913, the Women's Civic League of Mount Rainier formed. In 1923, the first public school of Mount Rainier was constructed, and in the same year, the town hired its first paid police officer because of its growing population.
In 1929, the town acquired 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land, and in the following year, the Mount Rainier High School opened there.
In 1939, a new terminal was built at 34th St and Rhode Island Ave. because of a change in streetcar services.
In the 1940s, Kaywood Garden apartments were constructed along Eastern Ave., raising the population of Mount Rainier.
In 1952, a library was built. In 1956, a privately operated community pool opened. n 1958, streetcar services stopped and were replaced by bus service.
In the 1970s and 1980s, the population of the city declined.
Today, a large area of Mount Rainier is considered a historic district by the National Register of Historic Places.
In the present day, Mount Rainier still has many of the charms and attractive features that it had in the early 1900s. Residents of Mount Rainier are served by the Rhode Island Avenue & Brookland - CUA Metro Station and West Hyattsville Metro Station.
Points of interest
Mount Rainier has been listed as a historic area due to its history as a primary streetcar suburb of Washington and the vast number of Sears houses and Craftsman-style homes, many of which have been restored.
There is a lively arts district in the town, which has made a point to provide affordable housing for artists and to showcase their work. Mount Rainier Day, held in May, is one day in which the entire community opens its doors to the public. The town has become a haven for freelance workers in the world of theater, including scenic designers, artistic directors, lighting designers, and stage directors, several of whom have received the highest DC theater honor, the Helen Hayes Award. Mount Rainier is home to the alternative folk music duo Emma's Revolution and Joe Brewer, lead singer of the rock band [velvet] / owner of Brewer's Arcade, which is a museum quality private collection featuring vintage 1980s era classic arcade and pinball machines. The renown Washington Glass School moved their sculptural glass studio to Mount Rainier in 2006.
Glut, a vegetarian, worker-owned organic food cooperative has existed since the 1960s and draws people from all over the area.
According to some sources, in 1949 at 33rd Street and Bunker Hill Road in Mount Rainier lived a child (see Robbie Mannheim) who allegedly became possessed by the devil. A local priest, Edward Hughes, took part in the exorcism. This incident became the basis for the film The Exorcist. Local citizens have no recollection of this child being a resident of Mount Rainier, and a journalist eventually traced the youth to nearby Cottage City.
- William Henry Vanneman, first fire chief and first mayor of Mount Rainier
- Harry Chappas, shortstop for Chicago White Sox in the 1970s, born in Mount Rainier
- Andre Norton, science fiction author, once owned a bookstore in Mount Rainier
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mount Rainier, Maryland
- "Mount Rainier city, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mount Rainier city, Maryland". United States Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mount Rainier city, Maryland". United States Census Bureau.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Just Another Way to Be Suburban: In Pr. George's, Same-Sex Couples Grow in Number, Visibility," by Lonnae O'Neal Parker, The Washington Post, June 29, 2009.
- Mount Rainier's Government site
- "District 1 Station - Hyattsville. Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. Beat map.
- "Education." Mount Rainier, Maryland. Retrieved on March 1, 2018.
- "Street Map." Mount Rainier. Retrieved on March 1, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
- Lyles, Jeffrey K.; Corina E. Rivera (2004-11-18). "County schools reach out to Hispanics". The Gazette. Archived from the original on 2018-09-09. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
- Lakeland Community Heritage Project Inc. Lakeland: African Americans in College Park. Arcadia Publishing, September 18, 2012. ISBN 1439622744, 9781439622742. Google Books PT37.
- "Fairmont Heights High School History". Fairmont Heights High School. 2018-09-04. Archived from the original on 2005-10-04. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
- Denny, George. "History of Mount Rainier (in Proud Past: Promising Future – Cities and Towns In Prince George's County, Maryland, Dilden Company, 1997))". Historical Mount Rainier. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- "Historic Mount Rainier, Maryland". Archived from the original on 2008-07-28. Retrieved 2006-01-28.
- "The Haunted Boy of Cottage City: the Cold Hard Facts behind the Story that Inspired the Exorcist". Strange Magazine. Retrieved 2010-04-17.