Mount Rainier, Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mount Rainier, Maryland
Official seal of Mount Rainier, Maryland
Seal
Prince George's County Maryland Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Mount Rainier Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 38°56′30″N 76°57′49″W / 38.94167°N 76.96361°W / 38.94167; -76.96361Coordinates: 38°56′30″N 76°57′49″W / 38.94167°N 76.96361°W / 38.94167; -76.96361
Country United States of America
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated1910
Government
 • MayorMalinda Miles
Area
 • Total0.65 sq mi (1.68 km2)
 • Land0.65 sq mi (1.68 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
79 ft (24 m)
Population
 • Total8,080
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
8,455
 • Density12,000/sq mi (4,800/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (EDT)
ZIP code
20712
Area code(s)301
FIPS code24-54275
GNIS feature ID0597787
Websitehttp://www.mountrainiermd.org

Mount Rainier /rˈnɪər/ is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, bordering Washington D.C .[4] The population was 8,080 at the 2010 census.[5] Mount Rainier is contained between the Northwest Branch Anacostia River, Cedar Lane Alley, and 34th Street to the north, 37th Street and 37th Place to the northeast, Upshur Street and Queens Chapel Road to the west, the Cargo Train/ the former 82 Streetcar tracks to the east, and Eastern Avenue NE to the south. Mount Rainier got its start as a streetcar suburb. (See Streetcars in Washington, D.C.) According to local tradition, surveyors from the Pacific Northwest named the town, giving the streets names such as "Shasta" and "Cascade". Historic U.S. 1 runs through the center of the town and serves as the main street and central business district.

Bordering areas[edit]

Geography[edit]

Mount Rainier is located at 38°56′30″N 76°57′49″W / 38.94167°N 76.96361°W / 38.94167; -76.96361 (38.941594, -76.963696).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.65 square miles (1.68 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,242
19202,46298.2%
19303,83255.6%
19404,83026.0%
195010,989127.5%
19609,855−10.3%
19708,180−17.0%
19807,361−10.0%
19907,9548.1%
20008,4986.8%
20108,080−4.9%
Est. 20168,455[3]4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

Mount Rainier has attracted a significant gay and lesbian population. In 2000, same-sex couples accounted for 1.0 percent of households, almost double the national average.[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,080 people, 3,344 households, and 1,735 families residing in the city. The population density was 12,430.8 inhabitants per square mile (4,799.6/km2). There were 3,601 housing units at an average density of 5,540.0 per square mile (2,139.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 19.9% White, 52.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 20.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.4% of the population.

There were 3,344 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.9% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.1% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.27.

The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 35.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 6.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 8,498 people, 3,487 households, and 1,858 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,038.5 people per square mile (5,047.8/km²). There were 3,756 housing units at an average density of 5,762.8 per square mile (2,231.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 20.20% White, 62.06% African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 10.65% from other races, and 4.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.30% of the population.

There were 3,487 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.6% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 37.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,920, and the median income for a family was $39,060. Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $27,441 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,558. About 9.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Mayor is Malinda Miles (D), a retired employee of the National Education Association, community activist, and former Executive Director of the Family Crisis Center of Prince George's County, Inc. The City Council is made up of members from two wards - Ward 1: Jesse Christopherson and a vacant seat formerly held by Traci Hadden Loh and Ward 2: Bryan Knedler and Shivali Shah.[10]

Prince George's County Police Department District 1 Station in Hyattsville serves Mount Rainier.[11]

Arts District[edit]

Located along the Route 1 Corridor, Mount Rainier formed the Gateway Arts District along with its neighboring municipalities of Brentwood Hyattsville and North Brentwood.

Mount Rainier is home to the Mount Rainier Artists' Lofts.

Education[edit]

Mount Rainier is a part of the Prince George's County Public Schools system.[12][13]

Schools that serve Mount Rainier include:

In the 1940s, when schools in PG County were legally segregated by race, black high school students attended Lakeland High School in College Park.[18] Fairmont Heights High School, then near Fairmount Heights, replaced it in 1950. In 1964 legal racial segregation of PG County schools ended.[19]

Transportation[edit]

Bus service in the city is operated by the WMATA Metrobus through several lines along US 1 and Maryland Route 500 (Queens Chapel Road). Additional bus service is provided by the Prince George's County Department of Public Works & Transportation (DPW&T) The Bus, which also has several lines along the smaller roads.

Major highways[edit]

U.S. 1 is a major north-south roadway running through Mount Rainier, serving as the main street in the downtown area. It leads to College Park and Baltimore to the north and Washington, D.C. to the south.

History of Mount Rainier[edit]

In 1891, the City of Mount Rainier was named by a group of developers after the famous mountain in the state of Washington.

In 1899, the streetcar lines were extended from Washington D.C. through Hyattsville, Maryland. The Mount Rainier stop was located at the intersection of what is now known as Rhode Island Avenue and 34th Street. It was called the District Line Station. With the stop at Mount Rainier, it was easier to attract developers and prospective buyers because now the city offered easy access to get into and out of Washington.

Houses started to be built near the District Line Station after 1902. The homes on Mount Rainier were considered affordable, ranging from $2000 to $5000.

The business district aggregated around the streetcar station. In addition to the station, there were shops, grocery stores, a barber shop, laundry, and dry good stores. The first post office was established in 1904.

In 1910 the residents in the area around the streetcar station petitioned the Maryland State Legislature to incorporated Mount Rainier, and the city was incorporated by Charter granted on April 14, 1910.[20]

In January 1912, the Mount Rainier volunteer fire department was created. The fire department was first located in a frame building and later moved to a brick structure located on 34th at Shepherd St.

In 1913, the Women's Civic League of Mount Rainier formed. In 1923, the first public school of Mount Rainier was constructed. And in the same year the town hired its first paid police officer because of its growing population.

In 1929, the town acquired 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land and in the following year the Mount Rainier High School opened there.

In 1939, a new terminal was built at 34th St and Rhode Island Ave. because of a change in streetcar services.

In the 1940s, Kaywood Garden apartments were constructed along Eastern Ave., raising the population of Mount Rainier.

In 1952, a library was built. In 1956, a privately operated community pool opened. In 1958, streetcar services stopped and was replaced by bus service.

In the 1970s and 1980s, the population of the city declined.

Today, a large area of Mount Rainier is considered an historic district by the National Register of Historic Places.

In the present day Mount Rainier still has many of the charms and attractive features that it had in the early 1900s. The metro stations at Rhode Island Avenue and West Hyattsville and the sense of community are important factors that draw residents to Mount Rainier.[21]

Points of interest[edit]

Mount Rainier has been listed as an historic area, due to its history not only as a primary streetcar suburb of Washington, D.C., but also due to the vast number of Sears houses and Craftsman-style homes, many of which have been restored.

There is a lively arts district in the town, which has made a point to provide affordable housing for artists and to showcase their work. Mount Rainier Day, held in May, is one day in which the entire community opens its doors to the public. The town has become a haven for freelance workers in the world of theater, including scenic designers, artistic directors, lighting designers, and stage directors, several of whom have received the highest DC theater honor, the Helen Hayes Award. Mount Rainier is home to the alternative folk music duo Emma's Revolution and Joe Brewer, lead singer of the rock band [velvet] / owner of Brewer's Arcade which is a museum quality private collection featuring vintage 1980's era classic arcade and pinball machines.

A vegetarian, organic food cooperative, Glut, has existed since the 1960s and draws people from all over the area.

According to some sources,[22] in 1949 at 33rd Street and Bunker Hill Road in Mount Rainier lived a child (see Robbie Mannheim) who allegedly became possessed by the devil. A local priest Edward Hughes took part in the exorcism. This incident became the basis for the film The Exorcist. Local citizens have no recollection of this child being a resident of Mount Rainier, and a journalist eventually traced the youth to nearby Cottage City, Maryland.[22]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mount Rainier, Maryland
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Mount Rainier city, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Just Another Way to Be Suburban: In Pr. George's, Same-Sex Couples Grow in Number, Visibility," by Lonnae O'Neal Parker, The Washington Post, June 29, 2009.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ Mount Rainier's Government site
  11. ^ "District 1 Station - Hyattsville. Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. Beat map.
  12. ^ "Education." Mount Rainier, Maryland. Retrieved on March 1, 2018.
  13. ^ "Street Map." Mount Rainier. Retrieved on March 1, 2018.
  14. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
  15. ^ Lyles, Jeffrey K.; Corina E. Rivera (2004-11-18). "County schools reach out to Hispanics". The Gazette. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
  16. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
  17. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
  18. ^ Lakeland Community Heritage Project Inc. Lakeland: African Americans in College Park. Arcadia Publishing, September 18, 2012. ISBN 1439622744, 9781439622742. Google Books PT37.
  19. ^ "Fairmont Heights High School History". Fairmont Heights High School. 2018-09-04. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  20. ^ http://www.bhvfrc.com/History/mrvfd_history.html
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ a b "The Haunted Boy of Cottage City: the Cold Hard Facts behind the Story that Inspired the Exorcist". Strange Magazine. Retrieved 2010-04-17.

External links[edit]