|Town of Mount Royal|
Ville de Mont-Royal
(Latin for "Royal gift")
|Constituted||January 1, 2006|
|• Mayor||Peter J. Malouf|
|• Federal riding||Mount Royal|
|• Prov. riding||Mont-Royal–Outremont|
|• Land||7.55 km2 (2.92 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,776.7/km2 (7,192/sq mi)|
|• Pop. 2016-2021||3.3%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||514 and 438|
Mount Royal (French: Mont-Royal, officially Town of Mount Royal, French: Ville de Mont-Royal, abbreviated TMR, French: VMR) is an affluent on-island suburban town located on the northwest side of the eponymous Mount Royal, northwest of Downtown Montreal, on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is completely surrounded by the city of Montreal. The population was 20,953 as of the 2021 Canadian census. In 2008, most of the Town of Mount Royal was designated a National Historic Site of Canada, as a "[remarkable] synthesis of urban renewal movements of the early 20th century, reflecting the influence of the City Beautiful, Garden City and Garden Suburb movements". The town celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2012.
Town of Mount Royal, or TMR, was founded in 1912. It was created at the initiative of the Canadian Northern Railway as a means of generating funds for the tunnel to be built under the mountain, which would connect the railway to downtown Montreal. The town was designed by Frederick Todd, a planner who was heavily influenced by the likes of Sir Ebenezer Howard and incorporated many aspects of the Garden City Movement as well some elements of the earlier City Beautiful movement into his design. The plan was to build a model city at the foot of Mount Royal. The company bought 4,800 acres (1,900 ha) of farmland, and then built a rail tunnel under Mount Royal connecting their land to downtown Montreal. The profits from the venture helped finance the development of Canadian Northern's transcontinental railroad, which eventually became a significant constituent of the Canadian National Railway system. The town was designed by Canadian Northern's chief engineer, Henry Wicksteed, based loosely on Washington, D.C.
The garden city's coat of arms is composed of several significant elements:
- The royal crown, of French origin, is enclosed in the top panel and blazoned with fleurons.
- Two heraldic roses, of English origin, are stylized wild roses with two rows of five petals separated by pointed sepals.
- The stylized mountain refers to the Town's geographic situation at the foot of Mount Royal.
- The outline of the shield ending in a point recalls the shape of the shields of ancient Greece and Rome.
- Inscribed on the scroll beneath the shield, the motto, Regium Donum, means “gift of the king.”
- Town of Mount Royal's official signature includes the coat of arms as well as the Town's name in French and English. The coat of arms has evolved over the years; the current version dates from 1993.
One notable feature of the town is the naming of some of its streets, and also its occasionally idiosyncratic numbering system. Some streets which pass through the town may thus bear two names (in whichever language). For example, Jean Talon Street, a large east–west thoroughfare crossing Montreal for kilometres (miles), goes a few hundred metres (yards) through TMR under the name of Dresden Avenue, only to recover its Montreal name on the other side of the town. This situation has been recently addressed by putting the two names on the street signs. On these few hundred metres (yards), TMR uses a house civic numbering totally different from that of Montreal on either side. This sort of change in the numbering system also occurs on smaller streets shared by both Montreal and TMR (for example, Trenton, Lockhart and Brookfield avenues, where the TMR numbering system decreases from East to West, only to jump from 2 to 2400 on the few metres (yards) of the street that still belong to Montreal.
In the beginning, the Town was a small farming community, known for its melons. The Daoust family farm grew the celebrated Montreal melon, also called the Montreal nutmeg melon. Green-fleshed and uniquely flavourful, the melons weighed up to 9 or 11 kg (20 or 25 lb). So special was the Montreal melon that it was exported to New York, Chicago and Boston, where, in 1921, people paid as much as $1.50 a slice to taste it. Farming was abandoned over the years, with the gradual urbanization of the Town.
On January 1, 2002, as part of the 2002–2006 municipal reorganization of Montreal, it was merged into Montreal and became a borough. However, after a change of government and a 2004 referendum, it was re-constituted as an independent town on January 1, 2006.
Two main thoroughfares, Laird Boulevard and Graham Boulevard, cut across the borough diagonally and meet at Connaught Park, a green space located in the centre. Mount Royal Train Station, a commuter train station on the Exo Deux-Montagnes line is located to the east of this park. This line is now undergoing construction to upgrade it for the new REM network. Trains going through the Mount Royal Tunnel link the station to downtown Montreal in eight minutes. Both boulevards end at Jean Talon Street and close to the highway.
The highway is Metropolitan Boulevard, a major constituent of Autoroute 40. It was built as an elevated highway throughout, except when it passes through TMR (between Sainte Croix Avenue and L'Acadie Boulevard), since the Town council requested that it be built on the ground, in order to separate the town from the industrial area to the north.
A fence runs along the eastern border with Park Extension at L'Acadie Boulevard, a six lane thoroughfare. The stated purpose of the fence is to prevent children and house pets from running into the busy thoroughfare but some have contended that it was built to keep residents of the working-class Park Extension neighbourhood out of the town.
The rail line is the last portion of Canadian Pacific's Adirondack subdivision. It originally ran through the northern part of the district of Côte-des-Neiges. However, when the town became part of Montreal on Jan 1, 2002, the part of Côte-des-Neiges north of rail line was incorporated into the Mount Royal borough. When the town demerged on Jan 1, 2006 this part, known as Glenmount, reverted to Côte-des-Neiges.
|Source: Statistics Canada|
In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Mont-Royal had a population of 20,953 living in 7,732 of its 8,192 total private dwellings, a change of 3.3% from its 2016 population of 20,276. With a land area of 7.55 km2 (2.92 sq mi), it had a population density of 2,775.2/km2 (7,187.8/sq mi) in 2021.
|Not a visible minority||14,000||68%|
Mayor Peter J. Malouf was elected 7 November 2021, defeating former municipal councillor Michelle Setlakwe, the first mayoral election in 16 years. Voter Participation was 48.7%. Despite the COVID pandemic, 6,779 residents voted by mail or in person.
2021-25 Municipal Council (100% new slate of elected officials):
- Mayor: Peter J. Malouf – 55.47% (3710 votes)
- District No. 1: Antoine Tayar - 54.89% (578 votes)
- District No. 2: Maryam Kamali Nezhad - 53.85% (385 votes)
- District No. 3: Daniel Pilon - 57.42% (511 votes)
- District No. 4: Maya Chammas - 53.48% (430 votes)
- District No. 5: Julie Halde - 51.97% (408 votes)
- District No. 6: Caroline Decaluwe - 51.60% (387 votes)
- District No. 7: Sébastien Dreyfuss - 50.74% (448 votes)
- District No. 8: Sophie Séguin - 66.43% (550 votes)
The first mayor of the Town of Mount-Royal was Thomas S. Darling, elected in 1913.
- Thomas S. Darling (1913-1934)
- Frederick (Fred) Johnson (1934–1935)
- Samuel (Sam) H. Hanson (1935)
- John Arthur Dakin (1935 – 1937)
- Robert Smith (1937 – 1941)
- Maynard Albert Metcalf (1941– 1945)
- Richard Earle Schofield (1945–1951)
- Reginald John Partridge Dawson (1951–1987
- Vera Mystic Danyluk (1987–1994)
- Harry Schwartz (1994–1999)
- Pierre Brisebois (1999 interim)
- Ricardo Hrtschan (1999 – 2001)
- Suzanne Caron (2002 – 2005)
- Vera Mystic Danyluk (2005 – 2010)
- Philippe Roy (2010 –2021)
- Peter J. Malouf (2021 – )
Federal and Provincial
The entire borough is located within the federal riding of Mount Royal, whose best-known MP for nearly 20 years was Pierre Trudeau, and within the smaller provincial electoral district of Mount Royal. The Mount Royal riding has been a Liberal stronghold since 1940.
Mount Royal shares its provincial territory with Outremont since 2018, making it the Mont-Royal–Outremont provincial electoral district. Since October 2022, the riding is represented by Liberal Michelle Setlakwe that replaced the long time MP Pierre Arcand.
- École primaire Académie Saint-Clément
- École primaire Saint-Clément Ouest
- École primaire Saint-Clément Est
The English Montreal School Board (EMSB) operates Anglophone public schools in the town.
The Town has its own library, Reginald J. P. Dawson Library, which is independent from the Montreal Library Network.
- List of anglophone communities in Quebec
- List of enclaves
- List of former boroughs
- Montreal Merger
- Municipal reorganization in Quebec
- "List of the official municipalities of Québec". Gouvernement du Québec. 2012. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Ville de Mont-Royal - Town of Mount Royal (Homepage)". Town of Mount-Royal. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Banque de noms de lieux du Québec: Reference number 388468". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
- "Mont-Royal, Ville (V) Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Government of Canada - Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
- http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/MTL_STATS_FR/MEDIA/DOCUMENTS/PROFIL_SOCIOD%C9MO_MONT-ROYAL%202016.PDF[bare URL PDF]
- "Model City of Mount Royal". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved November 30, 2011.[dead link]
- McCann, L.D. (1996). "Planning and building the corporate suburb of Mount Royal, 1910-1925". Planning Perspectives. 11 (3): 259–301. doi:10.1080/026654396364871.
- Sewell, John. "The Shape of the City: Toronto Struggles with Modern Planning" page 52 University of Toronto Press Inc. 1993
- "History | A garden city".
- "Town of Mont Royal - Québec".
- Kristian Gravenor, "Segregation fence to live on." Montreal Mirror, November 8, 2001. Archived July 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "Montreal municipalities take action to keep bilingual status under Quebec's Bill 96 | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved 2023-04-20.
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- "Peter J. Malouf | A garden city".
- "2021 Municipal Election: Preliminary Results Now Known | A garden city".
- "By-Law No. 1461 to Divide the Town's Territory into Eight Electoral Districts | A garden city".
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- "Town Council | A garden city".
- "Élection municipale du 7 novembre 2021".
- Kalbfleisch, John (2013). Le cadeau royal : histoire de la ville de Mont-Royal = The royal gift : a history of Town of Mount Royal. Town of Mount Royal, QC: Town of Mount Royal. p. 4. ISBN 9782980472732. OCLC 846793989.
- "La circonscription de Manon Massé sauvée, Maurice Richard honoré". La Presse (in French). 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2022-11-13.
- "Quebec election 2022 results: Mont-Royal-Outremont - Montreal | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved 2022-11-13.
- Lavoie, Laurent (8 May 2022). "Pierre Arcand se retire après 15 années chez les libéraux". Le Journal de Montréal. Retrieved 2022-11-13.
- "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
- Carlyle Elementary School
- École Dunrae Gardens School