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Mount Sikaram viewed from the Kurram Valley
|Elevation||4,755 m (15,600 ft) |
|Prominence||2,295 m (7,530 ft) |
|Countries||Afghanistan and Pakistan|
|Province||Border triangle of Logar, Paktia and Parachinar|
|Parent range||Spin Ghar, Hindu Kush,|
Mount Sikaram is a mountain on the Afghanistan–Pakistan border, south of the Kabul River and Khyber Pass. At 4,755 m (15,600 ft), it is the highest peak of the Spīn Ghar, or Safēd Kōh, mountain range.
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Mount Sikaram is located north of the village Peiwar in Kurram Agency. Its parent range, Spīn Ghar connects directly with the Shandūr offshoot of the Hindu Kush mountain system. Atop the range, temperatures can fall below 0 °C (32 °F) at any time of the year.[circular reference]
A small valley on the slope of Mount Sikaram encompasses a number of villages, districts, and tribal regions—many historically significant—including Peiwar, Alizai, Tari Mangal, Narai, Speena Shaga, and Khewas. The Gawi Pass, also known as the Peiwar Kotal Pass, runs between the Kurram Valley and Afghanistan's Aryub Valley; it connects the Paktia Province of Afghanistan with the Kurram Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.
- 1878 British forces were victorious over Afghan forces and seized control of the Peiwar Pass in the Battle of Peiwar Kotal.
- 1878-1879 British surveyor George Batley Scott climbed the mountain during a campaign to survey Afghanistan.
- Mountain ranges of Pakistan
- List of Mountains in Pakistan
- List of mountain ranges of the world
- List of Ultras of the Karakoram and Hindu Kush
- "Afghanistan and Central/Southern Pakistan". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "Safīd Mountain Range on Pakistan-Afghanistan Border". Earth Snapshot. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "South Afghanistan, Afghanistan Mount Sikaram". Triposo Travel Guide. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- Boleslaw Chwaściński: The Exploration of the Hindu Kush. In: The Alpine Journal. Bd. 71, Nr. 2 = Nr. 313, 1966, S. 199–214, hier S. 203, (PDF; 6.5 MB).
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