Mount Sinai Holy Church of America
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (April 2011)|
|Mount Sinai Holy Church of America|
|Region||United States of America, Cuba, Guyana, India, Jamaica|
|Founder||Ida B. Robinson|
|Branched from||United Holy Church of America|
Mount Sinai Holy Church of America, Incorporated (MSHCA), is a Christian church in the Pentecostal tradition. The church is episcopal in governance. It has approximately 130 congregations in 14 states and 4 countries and a membership of over 50,000. The organization's headquarters is located in Philadelphia, PA.
- 1 History
- 2 Doctrine
- 3 Leadership
- 4 Executive Structure
- 5 Current College of Bishops
- 6 Ecclesiastical Structure
- 7 Administrative Departments
- 8 Missions
- 9 MSHCA Calendar of Events
- 10 Notable Men in the Church
- 11 Prominent Leaders of the Past
- 12 Related Organizations
- 13 References
- 14 External links
- 15 Sources
Ida B. Robinson grew up in Pensacola, Florida, the seventh of twelve children born to Robert and Annie Bell. After her conversion as a teenager at an evangelistic street meeting, she led prayer services in homes. In 1910 she married Oliver Robinson. In search for better employment opportunities, the couple relocataed from Pensacola to Philadelphia in 1917.
In Philadelphia, she began conducting street evangelism in Philadelphia under the auspices of The United Holy Church of America. In 1919, Robinson was installed as pastor of Mount Olive Holy Temple, a small mission that was affiliated with the United Holy Church.
1924 became a significant year in the life of Ida Robinson. While fasting and praying in the church for ten days, she stated that she received a revelation from God. As she related, “The Holy Ghost spoke and said, ‘Come out on Mount Sinai.” After this encounter, Robinson believed that God was calling her to “Come out on Mount Sinai,” so that “I will use you to loose the women.” On May 20, 1924, the State of Pennsylvania granted her a charter for the church under the name of the Mount Sinai Holy Church of America, Incorporated.
At its founding, women comprised six of nine members of the Board of Elders as well as the top four officers. Ida Robinson began to conduct many evangelistic works and church planting. To strengthen the general organization, an Annual Convocation was instituted. This Annual meeting was first held in Philadelphia for eight days in September, 1925, she was also consecrated as Bishop during the meeting. When she died, the denomination consisted of 84 churches, more than 160 ordained ministers of whom 125 were women, an accredited school in Philadelphia, mission work in Cuba and Guyana, and a farm in South Jersey that provided a safe haven away from the city for church members.
The doctrinal emphasis of the church is the inspired, infallible, authority of Scripture, belief in the trinity, conversion, repentance, salvation in the Lord Jesus Christ, justification, sanctification and baptism by the Holy Spirit. The Church teaches that baptism by the Holy Spirit is given to all Christian believers who ask for it. Divine healing is practiced, but not to the exclusion of medical supervision. Holiness of life and practice are emphasized. The ordinances of the Church, as act of obedience to Faith, are water baptism (immersion), the Lord's Supper (Holy Communion) and the Ordinance of Humility (foot washing). One particular doctrine that is solidified in the denomination’s history is its beliefs on gender equality. Both men and women are considered equal in reference to official ordinations and ecclesiastical rights.
Presiding Bishop Ida B. Robinson was the founder, Senior Bishop & first President from 1924 to 1946. On April 6, 1946, Ida Robinson left Philadelphia with a group of missionaries to visit some of the organization's churches in Florida. Her first stop in Florida was Jacksonville. From there she journeyed on to Winter Haven where on 20 April 1946 she died. At the time of her death, the denomination consisted of 84 churches.
Presiding Bishop Elmira Jeffries served as President and Senior Bishop from 1946 to 1964. She was a charter member of the denomination, and became its first vice-president. Subsequent to the death of Bishop Ida Robinson, Jeffries was set aside to the Bishopric in 1946 by Bishop W.E. Fuller, President of the Fire Baptized Holy Church. At this time, she became president of Mount Sinai Holy Church of America, Inc., and the pastor of Mount Olive Holy Temple in Philadelphia. Under her leadership, the church purchased the Physicians' and Surgeons' Hospital located 1512-1514 on 15th street in the city of Philadelphia. Today the building has been named, The Elmira Jeffries Memorial Home. On Monday, June 15, 1964, she died.
Presiding Bishop Mary E. Jackson served as President and Senior Bishop from 1964 to 1983. She was also a charter member of the denomination. Jackson's tenure as president was the second longest in the church's history. Jackson was 88 years old when she became the denomination's president. On October 26, 1980, Bishop Mary Elizabeth Jackson retired from active pastorate service. When she died on November 8, 1983, her age was 102 years making her the oldest president in the history of the church.
Presiding Bishop Amy B. Stevens, D.D. served as President and Senior Bishop from 1983 to 2000. Bishop Stevens was appointed President of Mount Sinai Holy Church of America, Inc., in February, 1984. Under her administration as president of Mount Sinai Holy Church of America, Inc., she created the Mount Sinai Training Institute and the expansion of ministry on the Mount Sinai Farm. She traveled to Mount Sinai’s churches in Guyana and Cuba. Bishop Stevens received an Honorary Doctorate of Theology degree from the Official Board of Christian Bible Institute and Seminary. In 1984 Bishop Stevens along with Bishop James F. Brown, Jr. (Mt. Sinai Holy Church of America), Bishop J O Patterson (President of the Church of God in Christ), Bishop J T Bowen (President of the United Holy Church of America)and Bishop J D Ellis (Pentecostal Church of Christ) founded the International Fellowship of Black Pentecostal Churches in Memphis, Tennessee. Bishop Steven died on Thursday, September 14, 2000. She was the last president to have been with the founder when she died in Winter Haven, Fl.
Presiding Bishop Ruth E. Satchell, DD served as President from 2000 to 2001. After the death of Bishop Amy Stevens, Bishop Satchell, who at that time was serving as vice president, was appointed president of the denomination. Satchell was in her mid 90's when beginning her tenure as president. She resigned as president in 2001, making her the shortest-serving president in the church's history. After her resignation she held the title of "President Emeritus" from 2001 until her death on March 1, 2011. She served as the jurisdictional bishop of the Mid-Atlantic District of the organization and was a member of the board of bishops and pastor of two churches. Prior to her presidency Bishop Satchell served as 1st Vice President, 2nd Vice President, a member of the Board of Directors and member of the Executive Board in the organization. She was 100 years old at the time of her death.
Presiding Bishop Joseph H. Bell, Sr. has been President since 2001. In 2001, Bell made history by becoming the first male president of the denomination. Prior to being elected to the presidency of MSHCA. in February, 2001, Bishop Bell served the corporate church as its General Secretary and Secretary of the Board of Directors from 1982. Bell is pastor of the Bethel Holy Church in New York City and serves as jurisdictional bishop of the New York/New England district of the organization.
The church has 4 corporate officers, which include the president, vice president, general secretary and treasurer. There is a board of bishops. Assisting the bishops is a board of presbyteries, composed of the elders of the churches. The current Executive Officers of MSHCA include:
- Presiding Bishop Joseph H. Bell, Sr.- President
- Bishop Emanuel Holland - Vice President
- Bishop Thomas J. Martin, Jr- Corporate Treasurer
- Bishop Kenneth R. Coward- Corporate Secretary
- Bishop D. Elaine Harris- Financial Secretary
Current College of Bishops
- Presiding Bishop Joseph H. Bell, Sr.- President & New York/New England District Bishop
- Bishop Minerva R. Bell- First Lady of Mount Sinai and Leading Historian
- Bishop G. Ruth Batten- District Bishop of the Mid Atlantic District
- Bishop Kenneth R. Coward- Corporate Secretary
- Bishop D. Elaine Harris- Financial Secretary/District Bishop of PA/NJ District
- Bishop Emanuel Holland - Vice President, District Bishop of the Southern & Great Lakes Districts
- Bishop Thomas J. Martin, Jr- Corporate Treasurer, Bishop of Missions and District Bishop of the West Coast District
- Bishop Reginald Peyton- Adjutant General
- Bishop Simon Phillips- District Bishop of Guyana
- Bishop William Polk- Chairman of the Board of Presbyters
- Bishop Lawrence Taylor- Assistant Bishop of the Southern District, Chairman of the Men's Department
- Bishop Evelyn Williams-Gordon
- Bishop James Odell White Sr., DD- Chaplain of the Board of Presbyters
There are seven administrative districts: New York/New England, Pennsylvania/ New Jersey, Mid-Atlantic, Southern, Great Lakes, Guyana and the West Coast. Each district is headed by a bishop and depending on its size may have an assistant bishop. Each district has a number of "presiding elders" that provide support to the district bishop. There is an annual holy convocation of the entire church, and each district has its own convention. There is a National Youth Convention as well as a National Missionary Convention.
MSHCA has a number of administrative departments including: Women's & Men's, Education, Missions, Youth and Music. Departments are headed by chairpersons.
- National Young People's Department- Bishop D. Elaine Harris, Chairperson
- National Missionary Department- Bishop Thomas J. Martin, Jr
- National Men's Department- Bishop Lawrence Taylor, Chairperson
- National Women's Department- Mother Carolyn Martin, Chairperson
- National Education Department- Bishop Minerva Bell, Chairperson
- National Music Department- Elder Dean Stanley, Chairperson
- National Adjutant & Usher Department- Bishop Reginald Peyton, Chairperson
MSHCA has over 50 years of history in the area of foreign missions. The organization currently has over 13 church in Cuba, Jamaica, India and Guyana. Within the United States local affiliated churches operate soup kitchens, visit prisons, and counsel at risk youth weekly.
MSHCA Calendar of Events
MSHCA Convocational Year begins in September and last for 12 months. During the 12-month Convocational Calendar there are 3 national meetings and 7 jursidicational ones.
- September- Holy Convocation (national meeting)
- October- Great Lakes District Convention
- November- Home and Foreign Missions Convention (national meeting)
- February- Guyana District Convention
- March- West Coast District Convention
- April- Mid-Atlantic District Convention
- May- Southern District Convention
- June- Pennsylvania//New Jersey District Convention
- July- National Youth Convention (national meeting)
- August- New York/New England District Convention
Notable Men in the Church
Though women have played a highlighted role within the history of the church. There are a number of men who have held important positions in Mount Sinai Holy Church of America.
- Bishop Peter F. Jones: He served as 2nd Vice President of Mt. Sinai(the 1st male to do so)and the 1st Presiding Prelate of the Southern District (the oldest district in the denomination) from 1946-1961.
- Bishop James F. Brown, Jr.: served as Vice President of the Mount Sinai Holy Church of America(the 3rd Male to do so) as well as the 3rd Presiding Prelate of the Church's Southern District from 1977-1991. He exchanged time for eternity on Sunday, August 4, 1991.
- Bishop James Bell: Served as Vice President (the 2nd Male) of the denomination as well as Presiding Prelate of the New York/New England District.
- Bishop Leonard R. Williams: Served as 2nd Vice President and first Presiding Prelate of the Great Lakes District
Prominent Leaders of the Past
- Bishop Katherine C. Lewis- 2nd Vice President and Pastor of Holy Mt. Zion Church
- Bishop Sylvester Webb- Pastor of Mt. Olive Holy Church, President Pentecostal Network Vice President and Black Clergy, Inc.
- Bishop Charles Stevens- 1st Presiding Prelate of the Mid-Atlantic District
- Bishop William Pugh- First President of the National Youth Convention, Bishop of New Jersey and Assistant District Bishop of PA/NJ District
- Elder Minnie Stith- Pastor of Zion Holy Church. One of the denomination's earliest responsible for many church plants in the south
- Bishop Annie Chamberlain- Vice President and Pastor of Jerusalem Holy Church
- United Holy Church of America - The mother denomination of Mt. Sinai Holy Church
- Mount Calvary Holy Church of America - Sister denomination of Mt. Sinai Holy Church. It separated from United Holy Church 5 years after Mt. Sinai Holy Church in 1929. Founded by Bishop Brumfield Johnson.
- Official website
- http://www.mtsinaiyouth.org/ (National Youth Convention Website)
- http://www.mtsinaimissionarydept.org/ (National Missionary Department Website)
- Official Website of the Mount Sinai Holy Church of America
- "Robinson, Ida Bell (1891-1946) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed". blackpast.org. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
- Lindley, Susan Hill (1996) You Have Stept Out of Your Place: A History of Women and Religion in America Westminster John Knox Press, ISBN 0-664-25799-2, ISBN 978-0-664-25799-6
- The handbook of the Mount Sinai Holy Church of America
- Daughters of Thunder: Black Women Preachers and Their Sermons, 1850-1979 By Bettye Collier-Thomas,Published by Jossey-Bass, 1997,ISBN 0-7879-0918-1, ISBN 978-0-7879-0918-5
- "Reshaping Black Pastoral Theology: The Vision of Bishop Ida B. Robinson" Dr. Harold Dean Trulear, Journal of Religious Thought;vol 46, 17-31p (Howard Divinity Library)
- African-American Holiness Pentecostal Movement: An Annotated Bibliography By Sherry Sherrod DuPree Published by Taylor & Francis, 1996 ISBN 0-8240-1449-9, ISBN 978-0-8240-1449-0, 650 pages
- U.S. African American Denominations in Cuba by Dodson, Jualynne E. (1994) Contributions in Black Studies: Vol. 12, Article 4. UMASS Amherst Libraries,
- Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America: Integrating the worlds of women's religious experience in North America, by Rosemary Skinner Keller, Rosemary Radford Ruether, Marie Cantlon, Published by Indiana University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-253-34685-1, ISBN 978-0-253-34685-8
- The Ordination of Women:An Issue among ‘Spirit-filled’ Churches from the African Diaspora By Antipas L. Harris,